Showrunner

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A showrunner is the leading producer of a television series.wikipedia
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Television producer

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A showrunner is the leading producer of a television series.
Executive producers can be showrunners, head writers, the head of a production company, or a long-time writer for the show.

Head writer

Co-Head Writerhead writtenBreakdown Writer
A showrunner has creative and management responsibility of a television series production through combining the responsibilities of employer, and in comedy or dramas, typically also character creator, head writer, and script editor.
In prime time series this function is generally performed by an executive producer, who may also be called the showrunner, as in some of the long series that have been produced since the late 20th century in the United States.

ER (TV series)

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Law & Order, ER, The Simpsons, The West Wing, Star Trek: The Next Generation, NYPD Blue, Supernatural and The Walking Dead are all examples of long-running shows that had successive, multiple showrunners.
Wells, the series' other initial executive producer, served as showrunner for the first three seasons.

Executive producer

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In the United States, they are credited as an executive producer, and simply as a producer in other countries, such as Canada or Britain.
In case of multiple executive producers on a TV show, the one outranking the others is called the showrunner, or the leading executive producer.

The Simpsons

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Law & Order, ER, The Simpsons, The West Wing, Star Trek: The Next Generation, NYPD Blue, Supernatural and The Walking Dead are all examples of long-running shows that had successive, multiple showrunners.

NCIS (TV series)

NCISNCIS: Naval Criminal Investigative ServiceNavy NCIS: Naval Criminal Investigative Service
Shane Brennan, the showrunner for NCIS and NCIS: Los Angeles, stated in an interview that:
Due to a disagreement with series star Mark Harmon, Bellisario's duties as showrunner/head writer were to be given to long-time show collaborators, including co-executive producer Chas.

Supernatural (American TV series)

SupernaturalSupernatural: The AnimationSupernatural (U.S. TV series)
Law & Order, ER, The Simpsons, The West Wing, Star Trek: The Next Generation, NYPD Blue, Supernatural and The Walking Dead are all examples of long-running shows that had successive, multiple showrunners.
The fifth season concluded the series' main storyline, and Kripke departed the series as showrunner.

The Walking Dead (TV series)

The Walking Deadtelevision series of the same nameWalking Dead
Law & Order, ER, The Simpsons, The West Wing, Star Trek: The Next Generation, NYPD Blue, Supernatural and The Walking Dead are all examples of long-running shows that had successive, multiple showrunners.
The series was adapted from the comic by Frank Darabont, who also served as the showrunner for the first season.

Holby City

HolbyHolby City (TV series)Making it at Holby
The first writer appointed the role of showrunner on a British primetime drama was Tony McHale, writer and creator of Holby City, in 2005.
McHale was the first British writer ever to become the showrunner of a major prime time drama.

Television director

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In films, the director has creative control of a production, but in television, the showrunner outranks the episodic directors.

Steven Moffat

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Doctor Who remains the most prominent example of a British television programme with a showrunner, with Steven Moffat having taken over the post from Davies from 2010 until 2017.
He is best known for his work as showrunner, writer and executive producer of two BBC One series: the science fiction television series Doctor Who, and the contemporary crime drama television series Sherlock, based on Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes stories.

Shane Brennan

Shane Brennan, the showrunner for NCIS and NCIS: Los Angeles, stated in an interview that:
Brennan succeeded Donald P. Bellisario as the showrunner on NCIS, handing the day-to-day showrunner operations over to Gary Glasberg after season 8.

Script editor

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A showrunner has creative and management responsibility of a television series production through combining the responsibilities of employer, and in comedy or dramas, typically also character creator, head writer, and script editor.

Tony McHale

The first writer appointed the role of showrunner on a British primetime drama was Tony McHale, writer and creator of Holby City, in 2005.
He co-created BBC medical drama Holby City, and served as its executive producer and showrunner from 2007 to 2010.

Jed Mercurio

Jed Mercurio had carried out a similar role on the less conspicuous medical drama Bodies (2004–2006).
Mercurio assumed the producer/showrunner position for the first time on Bodies (2004–06), a role he has fulfilled on all his subsequent original series.

Star Trek: The Next Generation

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Law & Order, ER, The Simpsons, The West Wing, Star Trek: The Next Generation, NYPD Blue, Supernatural and The Walking Dead are all examples of long-running shows that had successive, multiple showrunners.

Cheers

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Former Cheers showrunner Tom Anderson was in charge from series 7 to the final series, series 11.
The Charles Brothers remained in overall charge throughout the show's run, frequently writing major episodes, though starting with the third season they began delegating the day-to-day running of the writing staff to various showrunners.

Chris Chibnall

Chris Chibnall has since taken over from Moffat.
In 2007, Dick Wolf and Kudos Film and Television selected Chibnall to become the show runner on ITV1's Law & Order: UK, a police procedural/legal drama based on the original US series.

Russell T Davies

Russell T. DaviesDoctor Who: The Writer's TaleThe Writer's Tale
But Russell T Davies' work on the 2005 revival of Doctor Who brought the term to prominence in British television (to the extent that in 2009 a writer for The Guardian wrote that "Over here, the concept of 'showrunner' has only made it as far as Doctor Who").
Davies' official position as showrunner combined the roles of head writer and executive producer and consisted of laying a skeletal plot for the entire series, holding "tone meetings" to correctly identify the tone of an episode, often described in one word — for example, the "tone word" for Moffat's "The Empty Child" was "romantic" — and overseeing all aspects of production.

My Family

My Family OnlineSteve Armogida
The first British comedy series to use the term was My Family (2000–11), which had several showrunners in succession.
Tom Anderson, currently My Family's executive producer and showrunner, wrote his first episode for series seven and wrote until series ten, but remained showrunner for series eleven.

Television crew

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On scripted programs, the showrunner receives an executive producer credit.

Film director

directordirectedfilm
In films, the director has creative control of a production, but in television, the showrunner outranks the episodic directors.

Honorific

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Over time, the title of executive producer was applied to a wider range of roles—from someone who arranges financing to an "angel" who holds the title as an honorific with no management duties in return for providing backing capital.