Sicilian Defence, Dragon Variation

DragonDragon VariationSicilian DragonDragon SicilianLevenfish AttackSicilian Dragon Yugoslav AttackSicilian, Dragon Variation
In chess, the Dragon Variation is one of the main lines of the Sicilian Defence and begins with the moves:wikipedia
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Castling

castlecastledcastles
In the Dragon, Black fianchettoes their bishop on g7, castling on the king's side while aiming the bishop at the center and.
An example is the Yugoslav Attack, in the Dragon Variation of the Sicilian Defence.

Fianchetto

rule the diagonal
In the Dragon, Black fianchettoes their bishop on g7, castling on the king's side while aiming the bishop at the center and.
This is by far the most common type of fianchetto, seen in the Sicilian Dragon, Pirc Defence, Modern Defence, Modern Benoni, Grünfeld Defence and King's Indian Defence, among other openings.

Pawn structure

pawn formationBoleslavsky holeMaróczy bind
In his 1953 autobiography, the Russian chess master and amateur astronomer Fyodor Dus-Chotimirsky claimed that he coined the name "Dragon Variation" in 1901, after the fancied resemblance between Black's kingside pawn structure and the constellation Draco.
Openings: Primary: Sicilian Dragon.

Louis Paulsen

PaulsenPaulsen L.
The modern form of the Dragon was originated by German master Louis Paulsen around 1880.
The modern form of the Dragon was originated by Paulsen around 1880.

Sicilian Defence, Accelerated Dragon

Accelerated DragonAccelerated Dragon VariationSicilian, Accelerated Dragon
Lines where Black does this include the Accelerated Dragon (1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 g6) and Hyper-Accelerated Dragon (1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 g6).
An important difference between this line and the Dragon is that Black avoids playing ...d7–d6, so that he can later play ...d7–d5 in one move, if possible.

Draco (constellation)

DracoDraco constellationconstellation Draco
In his 1953 autobiography, the Russian chess master and amateur astronomer Fyodor Dus-Chotimirsky claimed that he coined the name "Dragon Variation" in 1901, after the fancied resemblance between Black's kingside pawn structure and the constellation Draco.
The chess opening called the Dragon Variation of the Sicilian Defense was also named after the constellation by Russian chess master Fyodor Dus-Chotimirsky.

Grigory Levenfish

LevenfishGrigory Yakovlevich Levenfish
The Levenfish Attack, 6. f4, is named after Russian GM Grigory Levenfish who recommended it in the 1937 Russian Chess Yearbook.
He was also an accomplished and leading opening theorist; the inventor of the Levenfish Attack, a sharp variation of the Sicilian Defence, devised to combat Black's ever-popular Dragon setup.

Chris Ward (chess player)

Chris Ward
Some famous exponents of the Dragon are Veselin Topalov, Andrew Soltis, Jonathan Mestel, Chris Ward, Sergei Tiviakov, Alexei Fedorov, Mikhail Golubev the late Tony Miles and Eduard Gufeld.
He is the author of two well-received books on a variation of the Sicilian Defence known as the Dragon Variation, in addition to a number of other books on chess.

Classical World Chess Championship 1995

1993–95 (PCA)1994–95 PCA Candidates matches1995
Garry Kasparov played the move three times in the 1995 World Championship against Viswanathan Anand, scoring two wins and a draw.
Kasparov sprung a major surprise by playing the Sicilian Dragon with black - a once-popular defence which is now only played at the top level by a few specialists.

List of chess openings

A89chess openingE15
* List of chess openings
B70 Sicilian, Dragon Variation

Andrew Soltis

Andy SoltisSoltisSoltis, Andrew
Some famous exponents of the Dragon are Veselin Topalov, Andrew Soltis, Jonathan Mestel, Chris Ward, Sergei Tiviakov, Alexei Fedorov, Mikhail Golubev the late Tony Miles and Eduard Gufeld. The Soltis Variation was the main line of the Dragon up until the late 1990s.
He is credited with the Soltis Variation of the Sicilian Dragon Yugoslav Attack, characterized by 12...h5, after 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 g6 6.Be3 Bg7 7.f3 0-0 8.Qd2 Nc6 9.Bc4 Bd7 10.0-0-0 Rc8 11.Bb3 Ne5 12.h4 h5. Previous experience showed that Black often got mated if he allowed 13.h5.

Alexei Fedorov

Some famous exponents of the Dragon are Veselin Topalov, Andrew Soltis, Jonathan Mestel, Chris Ward, Sergei Tiviakov, Alexei Fedorov, Mikhail Golubev the late Tony Miles and Eduard Gufeld.
Fedorov is considered to be an opening specialist on the King's Gambit and the Sicilian Defence, Dragon Variation.

Chess

chess playerchess gamewestern chess
In chess, the Dragon Variation is one of the main lines of the Sicilian Defence and begins with the moves:

Sicilian Defence

SicilianSicilian DefenseSicilian Defence, Richter-Rauzer Attack, Neo-Modern Variation
In chess, the Dragon Variation is one of the main lines of the Sicilian Defence and begins with the moves:

Pawn storm

In one of the most popular and theoretically important lines, the Yugoslav Variation, White meets Black's setup with Be3, Qd2 and Bh6, exchanging off the Dragon bishop, followed by launching a pawn storm with h4–h5 and g4. To involve the a1-rook in the attack, White usually castles queenside, placing the white king on the semi-open c-file.

Half-open file

half-opensemi-opensemi-open file
In one of the most popular and theoretically important lines, the Yugoslav Variation, White meets Black's setup with Be3, Qd2 and Bh6, exchanging off the Dragon bishop, followed by launching a pawn storm with h4–h5 and g4. To involve the a1-rook in the attack, White usually castles queenside, placing the white king on the semi-open c-file.

Chess opening

openingopeningsopening moves
The line is considered one of the of all chess openings.

Chess title

chess mastermasterNational Master
In his 1953 autobiography, the Russian chess master and amateur astronomer Fyodor Dus-Chotimirsky claimed that he coined the name "Dragon Variation" in 1901, after the fancied resemblance between Black's kingside pawn structure and the constellation Draco. The modern form of the Dragon was originated by German master Louis Paulsen around 1880.

Henry Bird (chess player)

Henry BirdBirdBird, Henry Edward
It was played frequently by Henry Bird that decade, then received general acceptance around 1900 when played by Harry Nelson Pillsbury and other masters.

Harry Nelson Pillsbury

PillsburyHarry Pillsbury
It was played frequently by Henry Bird that decade, then received general acceptance around 1900 when played by Harry Nelson Pillsbury and other masters.

Fedor Duz-Khotimirsky

In his 1953 autobiography, the Russian chess master and amateur astronomer Fyodor Dus-Chotimirsky claimed that he coined the name "Dragon Variation" in 1901, after the fancied resemblance between Black's kingside pawn structure and the constellation Draco.

Edward Winter (chess historian)

Edward Winter Edward WinterChess historian Edward Winter
The earliest known printed reference, found by chess historian Edward Winter, is in the Jan-Feb 1914 issue of Wiener Schachzeitung.

Wiener Schachzeitung

The earliest known printed reference, found by chess historian Edward Winter, is in the Jan-Feb 1914 issue of Wiener Schachzeitung.

Exchange (chess)

exchangeexchangesexchanged
Other typical themes for Black are exchanging White's light-square bishop by ...Nc6–e5–c4, pressure on the c-file, sacrificing the exchange on c3, advancing the b-pawn and pressure on the long diagonal.

Vassily Ivanchuk

IvanchukV. IvanchukVassili Ivantschuk
In fact, recently Black experienced a time of difficulty in the 9...d5 line facing a brilliant idea by Ivanchuk which seemed to give White the advantage.