Sicily

SicilianSiciliaSiciliansSicily, ItalySicillyIsland of SicilyRegione SicilianaSicilian RegionCiliciaNorman Sicily
Sicily (Sicilia ; Sicilia ) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 20 regions of Italy.wikipedia
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Mount Etna

EtnaMt. EtnaMount Aetna
Its most prominent landmark is Mount Etna, the tallest active volcano in Europe, and one of the most active in the world, currently 3329 m high.
Mount Etna, or Etna (Etna or Mongibello ; Mungibeddu or â Muntagna; Aetna; Αίτνα), is an active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily, Italy, in the Metropolitan City of Catania, between the cities of Messina and Catania.

Norman conquest of southern Italy

Norman conquestNorman conquest of SicilyNorman
The Norman conquest of southern Italy led to the creation of the Kingdom of Sicily, which was subsequently ruled by the Hohenstaufen, the Capetian House of Anjou, Spain, and the House of Habsburg.
In 1130 these territories in southern Italy united as the Kingdom of Sicily, which included the island of Sicily, the southern third of the Italian Peninsula (except Benevento, which was briefly held twice), the archipelago of Malta and parts of North Africa.

Emirate of Sicily

SicilyArabsEmir of Sicily
After the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, Sicily was ruled during the Early Middle Ages by the Vandals, the Ostrogoths, the Byzantine Empire, and the Emirate of Sicily.
The Emirate of Sicily was an emirate on the island of Sicily which existed from 831 to 1091.

Strait of Messina

Straits of MessinaMessina StraitStrait
Sicily is located in the central Mediterranean Sea, south of the Italian Peninsula, from which it is separated by the narrow Strait of Messina. To the north-east, it is separated from Calabria and the rest of the Italian mainland by the Strait of Messina, about 3 km wide in the north, and about 16 km wide in the southern part.
The Strait of Messina (Stretto di Messina) is a narrow strait between the eastern tip of Sicily (Punta del Faro) and the western tip of Calabria (Punta Pezzo) in the south of Italy.

Sicilian cuisine

SicilianSicilycuisine
Sicily has a rich and unique culture, especially with regard to the arts, music, literature, cuisine, and architecture.
Sicilian cuisine is the style of cooking on the island of Sicily.

Sicilian Baroque

Baroquearchitecturecomplete rebuilding on new plans
Sicily has a rich and unique culture, especially with regard to the arts, music, literature, cuisine, and architecture.
Sicilian Baroque is the distinctive form of Baroque architecture which evolved on the island of Sicily, off the southern coast of Italy, in the 17th and 18th centuries, when it was part of the Spanish Empire.

Music of Sicily

SicilianSicilian musicmusic
Sicily has a rich and unique culture, especially with regard to the arts, music, literature, cuisine, and architecture.
The Music of Sicily refers to music created by peoples from the isle of Sicily.

Selinunte

SelinusSelinousSelinuntines
It is also home to important archaeological and ancient sites, such as the Necropolis of Pantalica, the Valley of the Temples, Erice and Selinunte.
Selinunte (, Selinous; Selinūs) was an ancient Greek city on the south-western coast of Sicily in Italy.

Palermo

Palermo, SicilyPalermo, ItalyPanormus
In Northern Sicily, there are three important forests; near Mount Etna, in the Nebrodi Mountains and in the Bosco della Ficuzza's Natural Reserve near Palermo.
Palermo (, ; Palermu, ; Panormus, from Πάνορμος) is a city of Southern Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Metropolitan City of Palermo.

Kingdom of Naples

NaplesNeapolitanKing of Naples
It was unified under the House of Bourbon with the Kingdom of Naples as the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
It was established by the War of the Sicilian Vespers (1282–1302), when the island of Sicily revolted and was conquered by the Crown of Aragon, becoming a separate kingdom also called the Kingdom of Sicily.

Valle dei Templi

Valley of the TemplesAgrigentoArchaeological Area of Agrigento
It is also home to important archaeological and ancient sites, such as the Necropolis of Pantalica, the Valley of the Temples, Erice and Selinunte.
The Valle dei Templi (English: Valley of the Temples; Vaddi di li Tempri) is an archaeological site in Agrigento (ancient Greek Akragas), Sicily.

Punic Wars

Punic WarCarthaginian WarsPunic
By around 750 BC, Sicily had three Phoenician and a dozen Greek colonies and it was later the site of the Sicilian Wars and the Punic Wars.
The Romans were initially interested in expansion via Sicily (which at that time was a cultural melting pot), part of which lay under Carthaginian control.

Enna

CastrogiovanniHennaCastro-Giovanni
In the southeast lie the lower Hyblaean Mountains, 1000 m. The mines of the Enna and Caltanissetta districts were part of a leading sulphur-producing area throughout the 19th century, but have declined since the 1950s.
Enna (Castrugiuvanni; ; Henna, less frequently Haenna), known until 1926 as Castrogiovanni, is a city and comune located roughly at the center of Sicily, southern Italy, in the province of Enna, towering above the surrounding countryside.

Caltanissetta

CaltanisettaNissacapital
In the southeast lie the lower Hyblaean Mountains, 1000 m. The mines of the Enna and Caltanissetta districts were part of a leading sulphur-producing area throughout the 19th century, but have declined since the 1950s.
Caltanissetta (Nissa or Cartanisetta) is a comune in the central interior of Sicily, Italy, and the capital of the Province of Caltanissetta.

Expedition of the Thousand

Red ShirtsThousandExpedition of Thousand
It became part of Italy in 1860 following the Expedition of the Thousand, a revolt led by Giuseppe Garibaldi during the Italian unification, and a plebiscite.
A corps of volunteers led by Giuseppe Garibaldi sailed from Quarto, near Genoa (now Quarto dei Mille) and landed in Marsala, Sicily, in order to conquer the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, ruled by the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.

Apennine Mountains

ApenninesApennineLigurian Appennines
Along the northern coast, the mountain ranges of Madonie, 2000 m, Nebrodi, 1800 m, and Peloritani, 1300 m, are an extension of the mainland Apennines.
Since 2000 the Environment Ministry of Italy, following the recommendations of the Apennines Park of Europe Project, has been defining the Apennines System to include the mountains of north Sicily, for a total distance of 1500 km.

Hyblaean Mountains

Monti IbleiHyblean MountainsHyblaean Plateau
In the southeast lie the lower Hyblaean Mountains, 1000 m. The mines of the Enna and Caltanissetta districts were part of a leading sulphur-producing area throughout the 19th century, but have declined since the 1950s.
The Hyblaean Mountains (Italian: Monti Iblei) is a mountain range in south-eastern Sicily, Italy.

Calabria

BruttiumCalabreseCalabria, Italy
To the north-east, it is separated from Calabria and the rest of the Italian mainland by the Strait of Messina, about 3 km wide in the north, and about 16 km wide in the southern part.
It is separated from Sicily by the Strait of Messina, where the narrowest point between Capo Peloro in Sicily and Punta Pezzo in Calabria is only 3.2 km.

Catania

Catania, ItalyCatanaCatania, Sicily
To the east, the Alcantara flows through the province of Messina and enters the sea at Giardini Naxos, and the Simeto, which flows into the Ionian Sea south of Catania.
Catania (, Sicilian and ) is the second largest city of Sicily after Palermo; it is located on the east coast facing the Ionian Sea.

Messina

MessanaZancleMessina, Italy
To the east, the Alcantara flows through the province of Messina and enters the sea at Giardini Naxos, and the Simeto, which flows into the Ionian Sea south of Catania.
It is the third largest city on the island of Sicily, and the 13th largest city in Italy, with a population of more than 231,000 inhabitants in the city proper and about 650,000 in the Metropolitan City.

Vulcano

Vulcano IslandVulcanelloTherassía
The three volcanoes of Vulcano, Vulcanello and Lipari are also currently active, although the latter is usually dormant.
Vulcano (Vurcanu) or "Vulcan" is a small volcanic island in the Tyrrhenian Sea, about 25 km north of Sicily and located at the southernmost end of the seven Aeolian Islands.

Lipari

LiparaAbbey of LipariCanneto
The three volcanoes of Vulcano, Vulcanello and Lipari are also currently active, although the latter is usually dormant.
Lipari (Lìpari; Lipara;, or Λιπάρα, Lipára) is the largest of the Aeolian Islands in the Tyrrhenian Sea off the northern coast of Sicily, southern Italy; it is also the name of the island's main town and comune, which is administratively part of the Metropolitan City of Messina.

Peloritani

Monti PeloritanimountainousPeloritani Mountains
Along the northern coast, the mountain ranges of Madonie, 2000 m, Nebrodi, 1800 m, and Peloritani, 1300 m, are an extension of the mainland Apennines.
The Peloritani (Sicilian: Piluritani, Monti Peloritani) are a mountain range of north-eastern Sicily, in southern Italy, extending for some from Capo Peloro to the Nebrodi Mountains.

Aeolian Islands

Lipari IslandsAeolian archipelagoAeolian island
The Aeolian Islands in the Tyrrhenian Sea, to the northeast of mainland Sicily form a volcanic complex, and include Stromboli.
The Aeolian Islands (Isole Eolie ; Ìsuli Eoli; Αιολίδες Νήσοι), sometimes referred to as the Lipari Islands or Lipari group after their largest island, are a volcanic archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea north of Sicily, named after the demigod of the winds Aeolus.

Licata

PhintiasLicata, Sicily
The Salso flows through parts of Enna and Caltanissetta before entering the Mediterranean Sea at the port of Licata.
Licata (, ;, whence Phintias or Plintis), formerly also Alicata, is a city and comune located on the south coast of Sicily, at the mouth of the Salso River (the ancient Himera), about midway between Agrigento and Gela.