Sidonius Apollinaris

SidoniusGaius Sollius Modestus Apollinaris SidoniusGaius Sollius Apollinaris SidoniusSaint Apollinarius
Gaius Sollius Modestus Apollinaris Sidonius, better known as Saint Sidonius Apollinaris (5 November of an unknown year, c. undefined 430 – August 489 AD), was a poet, diplomat, and bishop.wikipedia
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Ruricius

Codex Sangallensis 190St Ruricius
He was one of four Gallo-Roman aristocrats of the fifth- to sixth-century whose letters survive in quantity; the others are Ruricius bishop of Limoges (died 507), Alcimus Ecdicius Avitus, bishop of Vienne (died 518) and Magnus Felix Ennodius of Arles, bishop of Ticinum (died 534).
He is one of four Gallo-Roman aristocrats of the fifth- to sixth-century whose letters survive in quantity: the others include Sidonius Apollinaris, urban prefect of Rome in 468 and bishop of Clermont (died 485), Alcimus Ecdicius Avitus, Bishop of Vienne (died 518); and Magnus Felix Ennodius of Arles, Bishop of Ticinum (died 534).

Magnus Felix Ennodius

EnnodiusEnnodius of PaviaSt. Magnus Felix Ennodius
He was one of four Gallo-Roman aristocrats of the fifth- to sixth-century whose letters survive in quantity; the others are Ruricius bishop of Limoges (died 507), Alcimus Ecdicius Avitus, bishop of Vienne (died 518) and Magnus Felix Ennodius of Arles, bishop of Ticinum (died 534).
He was one of four Gallo-Roman aristocrats of the fifth to sixth-century whose letters survive in quantity: the others are Sidonius Apollinaris, prefect of Rome in 468 and bishop of Clermont (died 485), Ruricius bishop of Limoges (died 507) and Alcimus Ecdicius Avitus, bishop of Vienne (died 518).

Claudianus Mamertus

Claudianus Ecdidius MamertusMamertus Claudianus
His known acquaintances include bishop Faustus of Riez and his theological adversary Claudianus Mamertus; his life and friendships put him in the center of 5th-century Roman affairs.
He assisted his brother in the discharge of his functions, and Sidonius Apollinaris describes him as directing the psalm-singing of the chanters, who were formed into groups and chanted alternate verses, whilst the bishop was at the altar celebrating the sacred mysteries.

Decimus Rusticus

Sidonius' grandfather was Praetorian Prefect of Gaul sometime prior to 409 and a friend of his successor Decimus Rusticus.
He crossed the Channel to the continent, and by May 408 had made Arles his capital, where he appointed Apollinaris, grandfather of Sidonius Apollinaris, as prefect.

Avitus

EparchiusEparchius AvitusM. Maecilius Eparchius Avitus Augustus
Sidonius married Papianilla, the daughter of Emperor Avitus, around 452.
Avitus had two sons, Agricola (fl 455 – living 507, a vir illustris) and Ecdicius Avitus (later patricius and magister militum under Emperor Julius Nepos) and a daughter Papianilla; she married Sidonius Apollinaris, whose letters and panegyrics remain an important source for Avitus' life and times.

Apollinaris of Clermont

ApollinarisApollinarius
This union produced one son, Apollinaris, and at least two daughters: Sidonius mentions in his letters Severina and Roscia, but a third, Alcima, is only mentioned much later by Gregory of Tours, and Theodor Mommsen has speculated that Alcima may be another name for one of his other daughters.
Apollinaris was the son of the aristocrat and poet Sidonius Apollinaris and Papianilla.

Majorian

Flavius Julius Valerius MajorianusJulius Majorianus AugustusMajorien
In 457 Majorian deprived Avitus of the empire and seized the city of Lyons; Sidonius fell into his hands.
The Gallo-Roman aristocrat and poet Sidonius Apollinaris was an acquaintance of the Emperor and composed a panegyric that is the major source for Majorian's life up to 459.

Faustus of Riez

FaustusFauste de Riez
His known acquaintances include bishop Faustus of Riez and his theological adversary Claudianus Mamertus; his life and friendships put him in the center of 5th-century Roman affairs.
Faustus was born between 405 and 410, and according to his contemporaries, Avitus of Vienne and Sidonius Apollinaris, in the island of Britain; although Sabine Baring-Gould says Brittany is more probable.

Gallo-Roman culture

Gallo-RomanGallo-RomansRoman
He was one of four Gallo-Roman aristocrats of the fifth- to sixth-century whose letters survive in quantity; the others are Ruricius bishop of Limoges (died 507), Alcimus Ecdicius Avitus, bishop of Vienne (died 518) and Magnus Felix Ennodius of Arles, bishop of Ticinum (died 534).
Sidonius Apollinaris

Clermont-Ferrand

ClermontClermont-Ferrand International Short Film FestivalClermont Ferrand
In 470 or 472, he was elected to succeed Eparchius in the bishopric of Auvergne (Clermont, now Clermont-Ferrand).
Although defended by Sidonius Apollinaris, at the head of the diocese from 468 to 486, and the patrician Ecdicius, the city was ceded to the Visigoths by emperor Julius Nepos in 475 and became part of the Visigothic kingdom until 507.

Papianilla (wife of Sidonius Apollinaris)

Papianilla
Sidonius married Papianilla, the daughter of Emperor Avitus, around 452.
Before her father's rise to the throne (455), she married Sidonius Apollinaris, another aristocrat, with whom she had three or four children: Apollinaris, Severiana, Roscia and Alcima (the latter, mentioned only in Gregory of Tours and not in Sidonius letters, being possibly another name for Severiana or Roscia).

Franks

FrankishFrankFrankish kingdom
Sidonius's relations have been traced over several generations as a narrative of a family's fortunes, from the prominence of his paternal grandfather's time into later decline in the 6th century under the Franks.
The major primary sources on the early Franks include the Panegyrici Latini, Ammianus Marcellinus, Claudian, Zosimus, Sidonius Apollinaris and Gregory of Tours.

Anthemius

Procopius Anthemius
In 467 or 468 the emperor Anthemius rewarded him for the panegyric which he had written in honour of him by raising him to the post of Urban Prefect of Rome until 469, and afterwards to the dignity of Patrician and Senator.
The poet Sidonius Apollinaris arrived in Rome on the occasion of the wedding at the end of 467 and described the celebrations in which all social classes were involved; he also hints that Alypia might have not liked her husband, a barbarian.

Valentinian III

ValentinianEmperor Valentinian IIIPlacidus Valentinianus Caesar
His father Apollinaris was the Prefect of Gaul under Valentinian III; he recalls with pride being present with his father at the installation of Astyrius as consul for the year 449.
Sidonius Apollinaris

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Clermont

bishop of ClermontClermontdiocese of Clermont
In 470 or 472, he was elected to succeed Eparchius in the bishopric of Auvergne (Clermont, now Clermont-Ferrand).
Sidonius Apollinaris (471–486)

Riothamus

RhiothamusRiotamusRiotham
A letter of Sidonius's addressed to Riothamus, "King of the Brittones" (c. 470) is of particular interest, since it provides evidence that a king or military leader with ties to Britain lived around the time frame of King Arthur.
More secure information is provided by a letter which has survived that was written to Riothamus from Sidonius Apollinaris, bishop of Clermont, who requested his judgment for "an obscure and humble person" who had had his slaves enticed away by a group of armed Bretons.

Euric

Euric of Toulouse
When the Goths captured Clermont in 474 he was imprisoned, as he had taken an active part in its defense; but he was afterwards released from captivity by Euric, king of the Goths, and continued to shepherd his flock as he had done before; he did so until his death.
In the same year Clermont(-Ferrand) surrendered to him after a long siege, and its bishop, Sidonius Apollinaris, sued for peace.

Apollonius of Tyana

ApolloniusApollonius TyaneusApollonius von Tyana
Among his lost works, is the one on Apollonius of Tyana.
In the Western Roman Empire, Sidonius Apollinaris was a Christian admirer of Apollonius in the 5th century.

Poet

poetspoetessTamil Poet
undefined 430 – August 489 AD), was a poet, diplomat, and bishop.

Diplomat

diplomatic representativestatesmanemissary
undefined 430 – August 489 AD), was a poet, diplomat, and bishop.

Bishop (disambiguation)

bishopepiscopalepiscopate
undefined 430 – August 489 AD), was a poet, diplomat, and bishop.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Limoges

bishop of LimogesLimogesDiocese of Limoges
He was one of four Gallo-Roman aristocrats of the fifth- to sixth-century whose letters survive in quantity; the others are Ruricius bishop of Limoges (died 507), Alcimus Ecdicius Avitus, bishop of Vienne (died 518) and Magnus Felix Ennodius of Arles, bishop of Ticinum (died 534).

Avitus of Vienne

AvitusAlcimus Ecdicius AvitusSt. Avitus
He was one of four Gallo-Roman aristocrats of the fifth- to sixth-century whose letters survive in quantity; the others are Ruricius bishop of Limoges (died 507), Alcimus Ecdicius Avitus, bishop of Vienne (died 518) and Magnus Felix Ennodius of Arles, bishop of Ticinum (died 534).

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vienne

bishop of Viennearchbishop of VienneVienne
He was one of four Gallo-Roman aristocrats of the fifth- to sixth-century whose letters survive in quantity; the others are Ruricius bishop of Limoges (died 507), Alcimus Ecdicius Avitus, bishop of Vienne (died 518) and Magnus Felix Ennodius of Arles, bishop of Ticinum (died 534).

Lugdunum

LyonLugdunum (Lyon)Lyons
Sidonius was born in Lugdunum (Lyon).