Siege of Boston

besieged Bostonevacuation of Bostonbesieged in BostonBostonsiege of the citythe British occupationunder siegeBattle of Bostonbesiegedbesieged in the city
The Siege of Boston (April 19, 1775 – March 17, 1776) was the opening phase of the American Revolutionary War.wikipedia
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American Revolutionary War

Revolutionary WarAmerican RevolutionAmerican War of Independence
The Siege of Boston (April 19, 1775 – March 17, 1776) was the opening phase of the American Revolutionary War.
Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army.

Boston

Boston, MassachusettsBoston, MABoston, United States
New England militiamen prevented the movement by land of the British Army, which was garrisoned in what was then the peninsular city of Boston, Massachusetts.
It was the scene of several key events of the American Revolution, such as the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, the Battle of Bunker Hill, and the Siege of Boston.

Battle of Bunker Hill

Bunker Hillbattle of Bunker's HillBreed's Hill
In June 1775, the British seized Bunker and Breed's Hills, from which the Continentals were preparing to bombard the city, but their casualties were heavy and their gains were insufficient to break the Continental Army's hold on land access to Boston.
The Battle of Bunker Hill was fought on June 17, 1775, during the Siege of Boston in the early stages of the American Revolutionary War.

Fortification of Dorchester Heights

Dorchester Heightsfortified Dorchester Heightsfortify Dorchester Heights
In March 1776, these artillery fortified Dorchester Heights (which overlooked Boston and its harbor), thereby threatening the British supply lifeline.
The Fortification of Dorchester Heights was a decisive action early in the American Revolutionary War that precipitated the end of the siege of Boston and the withdrawal of British troops from that city.

New England

southern New EnglandNew EnglanderNew England region
New England militiamen prevented the movement by land of the British Army, which was garrisoned in what was then the peninsular city of Boston, Massachusetts.
The first battles of the war were fought in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts, later leading to the Siege of Boston by continental troops.

Capture of Fort Ticonderoga

captured Fort TiconderogaFort TiconderogaBattle of Ticonderoga
In November 1775, Washington sent the 25-year-old bookseller-turned-soldier Henry Knox to bring to Boston the heavy artillery that had been captured at Fort Ticonderoga.
The cannons and other armaments were later transported to Boston by Colonel Henry Knox and used to fortify Dorchester Heights and break the standoff at the Siege of Boston.

Henry Knox

KnoxGeneral Henry KnoxGeneral Knox
In November 1775, Washington sent the 25-year-old bookseller-turned-soldier Henry Knox to bring to Boston the heavy artillery that had been captured at Fort Ticonderoga.
When the war broke out with the Battles of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775, Knox and Lucy snuck out of Boston, and Knox joined the militia army besieging the city.

Massachusetts

MACommonwealth of MassachusettsMass.
New England militiamen prevented the movement by land of the British Army, which was garrisoned in what was then the peninsular city of Boston, Massachusetts.
His first victory was the Siege of Boston in the winter of 1775–76, after which the British were forced to evacuate the city.

Battles of Lexington and Concord

Battle of LexingtonLexington and ConcordLexington
The siege began on April 19 after the Battles of Lexington and Concord, when the militia from surrounding Massachusetts communities blocked land access to Boston. When British forces were sent to seize military supplies from the town of Concord on April 19, 1775, militia companies from surrounding towns opposed them in the Battles of Lexington and Concord.
The accumulated militias then blockaded the narrow land accesses to Charlestown and Boston, starting the Siege of Boston.

Noble train of artillery

Knox Expeditionan expeditionacquired heavy cannon
In a technically complex and demanding operation, Knox brought many cannons to the Boston area by January 1776.
Benedict Arnold was a militia leader from Connecticut who had arrived with his unit in support of the Siege of Boston; he proposed to the Massachusetts Committee of Safety that Fort Ticonderoga on Lake Champlain in the Province of New York be captured from its small British garrison.

Chelsea, Massachusetts

ChelseaChelsea, MA Chelsea
Immediately after the battles of April 19, the Massachusetts militia, under the loose leadership of William Heath, who was superseded by General Artemas Ward late on the 20th, formed a siege line extending from Chelsea, around the peninsulas of Boston and Charlestown, to Roxbury, effectively surrounding Boston on three sides.
Part of George Washington's army was stationed in Chelsea during the Siege of Boston.

Loyalist (American Revolution)

LoyalistLoyalistsTory
Many Loyalists who lived outside the city of Boston left their homes and fled into the city.
In the opening months of the Revolutionary War, the Patriots laid siege to Boston, where most of the British forces were stationed.

Concord, Massachusetts

ConcordConcord, MATown of Concord
When British forces were sent to seize military supplies from the town of Concord on April 19, 1775, militia companies from surrounding towns opposed them in the Battles of Lexington and Concord.
Subsequently, militia arriving from across the region harried the British troops on their return to Boston, culminating in the Siege of Boston and the outbreak of the war.

Continental Army

ContinentalContinentalsAmerican
The Continental Congress formed the Continental Army from the militia, with George Washington as its Commander in Chief.
At the time of the Siege of Boston, the Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts, in June 1775, is estimated to have numbered from 14–16,000 men from New England (though the actual number may have been as low as 11,000 because of desertions).

Evacuation Day (Massachusetts)

Evacuation Dayevacuated Bostonevacuate Boston
The British commander William Howe saw the British position as indefensible and withdrew the British forces in Boston to the British stronghold at Halifax, Nova Scotia, on March 17 (celebrated today as Evacuation Day).
The holiday commemorates the evacuation of British forces from the city of Boston following the Siege of Boston, early in the American Revolutionary War.

William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe

William HoweSir William HoweGeneral Howe
The British commander William Howe saw the British position as indefensible and withdrew the British forces in Boston to the British stronghold at Halifax, Nova Scotia, on March 17 (celebrated today as Evacuation Day).
He led a force of 4,000 troops sent to reinforce the 5,000 troops under General Thomas Gage who were besieged in the city after those battles.

Longfellow House–Washington's Headquarters National Historic Site

Craigie HouseLongfellow HouseHenry Wadsworth Longfellow's house
On July 16, he moved his headquarters to the John Vassall House, also in Cambridge, that would later become well known as the home of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.
George Washington occupied it as his headquarters beginning on July 16, 1775, and it served as his base of operations during the Siege of Boston until he moved out on April 4, 1776.

Benedict Arnold

ArnoldGeneral Benedict ArnoldGen. Benedict Arnold
On May 3, the Massachusetts Provincial Congress authorized Benedict Arnold to raise forces for taking Fort Ticonderoga near the southern end of Lake Champlain in the Province of New York, which was known to have heavy weapons, but to be only lightly defended.
His company marched northeast the following month to assist in the siege of Boston that followed the Battles of Lexington and Concord.

Battle of Chelsea Creek

Chelsea Creekclashedcontested action
On May 27, in the Battle of Chelsea Creek, the British Marines attempted to stop removal of livestock from some of the islands.
The American colonists met their goal of strengthening the siege of Boston by removing livestock and hay on those islands from the reach of the British regulars.

Massachusetts Provincial Congress

Provincial CongressMassachusettsprovisional government of Massachusetts
It was reformed into the Provincial Congress, and continued to meet.
After the war began, the provincial congress established a number of committees to manage the rebel activity in the province, starting with the need to supply and arm the nascent Continental Army that besieged Boston after the April 1775 Battles of Lexington and Concord.

William Heath

HeathGen. HeathGeneral Heath
Immediately after the battles of April 19, the Massachusetts militia, under the loose leadership of William Heath, who was superseded by General Artemas Ward late on the 20th, formed a siege line extending from Chelsea, around the peninsulas of Boston and Charlestown, to Roxbury, effectively surrounding Boston on three sides.
As the siege of Boston began, Heath devoted himself to training the militia involved in the siege.

Dorchester Heights

Dorchester Heights Monumentheights of Dorchester
The town of Charlestown itself was entirely vacant, and the high lands of Charlestown (Bunker Hill and Breed's Hill) were left undefended, as were the heights of Dorchester, which had a commanding view of the harbor and the city.
Following this encounter, the Continental Congress in Philadelphia gave George Washington the title of commander-in-chief and sent him to oversee the Siege of Boston.

Artemas Ward

7th District reissued in 1795General Artemas WardMaj. Gen. Artemas Ward
Immediately after the battles of April 19, the Massachusetts militia, under the loose leadership of William Heath, who was superseded by General Artemas Ward late on the 20th, formed a siege line extending from Chelsea, around the peninsulas of Boston and Charlestown, to Roxbury, effectively surrounding Boston on three sides.
Following the Battle of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775, the rebels followed the British back to Boston and started the siege of the city.

List of Washington's Headquarters during the Revolutionary War

Washington's headquartersBourdette house for his headquartersGen. Washington made his headquarters
List of Washington's Headquarters during the Revolutionary War
On April 19, 1775, the militia of Massachusetts – later joined by the militias of other New England colonies – began a siege at Boston to prevent thousands of newly-arrived British troops from moving inland.

List of conflicts in the United States

Conflicts in the United Stateswars
List of conflicts in the United States#18th century
Siege of Boston