Siege of Mainz (1792)

MainzcapturedFirst Siege of MayenceFrench occupation of the city in 1792invasion by French revolutionary troops in 1792siege of the city
The siege of Mainz was a short engagement at the beginning of the War of the First Coalition.wikipedia
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Adam Philippe, Comte de Custine

CustineGeneral CustineAdam Philippe Custine
The victorious French army of Custine seized the town on October 21 1792,after three days of siege.
The following year he was appointed commander-in-chief of the army, replacing Nicolas Luckner; in the following campaign, he took Speyer, Worms, Mainz and Frankfurt in September and October 1792.

Army of the Rhine (1791–1795)

Army of the Rhinearmée du RhinRhine
After the declaration of war by France against the Archduchy of Austria (1792) and the declaration against Mainz on 21 July 1792, Comte de Custine was given command of the Army of the Rhine to replace Nicolas Luckner, and in September occupied the southern Rhineland about the cities of Speyer and Worms.
During its first year in action (1792), under command of Adam Philippe Custine, the Army of the Rhine participated in several victories, including Mainz, Frankfurt and Speyer.

Mainz

MogontiacumMainz, GermanyMoguntiacum
The siege of Mainz was a short engagement at the beginning of the War of the First Coalition.

War of the First Coalition

First CoalitionCoalitionFirst
The siege of Mainz was a short engagement at the beginning of the War of the First Coalition.

Republic of Mainz

Mainz Republiccity strongholdFrench years of Mainz
The French occupied Mainz, and tried to install the Republic of Mainz there.

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
After the declaration of war by France against the Archduchy of Austria (1792) and the declaration against Mainz on 21 July 1792, Comte de Custine was given command of the Army of the Rhine to replace Nicolas Luckner, and in September occupied the southern Rhineland about the cities of Speyer and Worms.

Archduchy of Austria

AustriaAustrianArchduchess of Austria
After the declaration of war by France against the Archduchy of Austria (1792) and the declaration against Mainz on 21 July 1792, Comte de Custine was given command of the Army of the Rhine to replace Nicolas Luckner, and in September occupied the southern Rhineland about the cities of Speyer and Worms.

Nicolas Luckner

LucknerComte Nicolas LucknerCount Nicolas Luckner
After the declaration of war by France against the Archduchy of Austria (1792) and the declaration against Mainz on 21 July 1792, Comte de Custine was given command of the Army of the Rhine to replace Nicolas Luckner, and in September occupied the southern Rhineland about the cities of Speyer and Worms.

Rhineland

RhenishRheinlandThe Rhineland
After the declaration of war by France against the Archduchy of Austria (1792) and the declaration against Mainz on 21 July 1792, Comte de Custine was given command of the Army of the Rhine to replace Nicolas Luckner, and in September occupied the southern Rhineland about the cities of Speyer and Worms.

Speyer

Speyer, Rhineland-PalatinateSpiresSpeyer, Germany
After the declaration of war by France against the Archduchy of Austria (1792) and the declaration against Mainz on 21 July 1792, Comte de Custine was given command of the Army of the Rhine to replace Nicolas Luckner, and in September occupied the southern Rhineland about the cities of Speyer and Worms.

Worms, Germany

WormsWorms am RheinHerrnsheim
After the declaration of war by France against the Archduchy of Austria (1792) and the declaration against Mainz on 21 July 1792, Comte de Custine was given command of the Army of the Rhine to replace Nicolas Luckner, and in September occupied the southern Rhineland about the cities of Speyer and Worms.

Duchy of Nassau

NassauDuke of NassauCounty of Nassau
The regiments of the Duke of Nassau left the Fortress of Mainz on October 5.

Fortress of Mainz

Mainz FortressMainzFortress Mainz
The regiments of the Duke of Nassau left the Fortress of Mainz on October 5.

French Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionary FranceRevolutionary
After the French Revolution of 1789 the Prince Archbishop of Mainz, Friedrich Karl Joseph von Erthal, became a committed opponent who welcomed with open arms all French nobles fleeing the civil unrest.

Friedrich Karl Joseph von Erthal

Friedrich Karl Josef von ErthalFriedrich Karl von ErthalFrederick Charles Joseph, archbishop of Mainz
After the French Revolution of 1789 the Prince Archbishop of Mainz, Friedrich Karl Joseph von Erthal, became a committed opponent who welcomed with open arms all French nobles fleeing the civil unrest.

Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor

Francis IIFrancis IFrancis I of Austria
After the declaration of war by France to the Austrian Archduke Francis II in April 20, 1792, counter-revolutionaries n Mainz gathered in July promising to defeat the French revolutionaries and carrying out an "infliction of exemplary punishment."

Counter-revolutionary

counter-revolutioncounter-revolutionariescounterrevolutionary
After the declaration of war by France to the Austrian Archduke Francis II in April 20, 1792, counter-revolutionaries n Mainz gathered in July promising to defeat the French revolutionaries and carrying out an "infliction of exemplary punishment."

Louis XVI of France

Louis XVIKing Louis XVIKing Louis XVI of France
But the failure of the escape of Louis XVI to Varenne lead to the arrest and indictment of the king of France.

Varenne

But the failure of the escape of Louis XVI to Varenne lead to the arrest and indictment of the king of France.

Battle of Valmy

ValmyValmy 1792Cannonade of Valmy
However, not only did the attempted invasion of France by the armies of the coalition fail on September 20 at the Battle of Valmy, but the Revolutionary Army proceeded on the offensive and crossed the Rhine, with the aim to take Mainz.

Jean Nicolas Houchard

HouchardNicolas HouchardJean Houchard
On the night of October 18, the vanguard of General Jean Nicolas Houchard reached Weisenau.

Franz von Albini

Baron von Franz Joseph Albini
Gymnich convened a civilian and military council to which was called the Baron of Stein, the Prussian Minister, Baron Fechenbach, canon of the cathedral chapter, Baron von Franz Joseph Albini, chancellor of the court, and M. de Kalckhoff, private adviser to the Prince Archbishop.