A report on Siege of Petersburg

The "Dictator" siege mortar at Petersburg. In the foreground, the figure on the right is Brig. Gen. Henry J. Hunt, chief of artillery of the Army of the Potomac.
Fredericksburg, Virginia; May 1863. Soldiers in the trenches. Trench warfare would appear again more infamously in World War I
A portion of the 4th USCT Infantry
Siege of Petersburg, assaults on June 15–18
Siege of Petersburg, movements against the railroads and A.P. Hill's counterattack, June 21–22
Wilson–Kautz Raid, June 22 – July 1
"Dictator" siege mortar on the U.S. Military Railroad at Petersburg
First Battle of Deep Bottom, July 27–29
Siege of Petersburg, Battle of the Crater, July 30
Sketch of the explosion seen from the Union line.
Second Battle of Deep Bottom, August 14–20
Siege of Petersburg, capture of the Weldon Railroad, August 18–19
Siege of Petersburg, actions on October 27
Siege of Petersburg, actions preceding Five Forks
Grant's final assaults and Lee's retreat (start of the Appomattox Campaign)
<center>Lt. Gen.
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<center>Brig. Gen. James H. Wilson</center>
<center>Brig. Gen. August Kautz</center>
Fascine Trench Breastworks, Petersburg, Va. – NARA – 524792. Although identified as Confederate Trenches this is actually Union Fort Sedgwick aka "Fort Hell" which was opposite Fort Mahone aka "Fort Damnation"<ref>Civil War talk Forum</ref>
Union Army 9th Corps attacking Fort Mahone aka "Fort Damanation" sketch by Alfred Ward.
Confederate artilleryman killed during the final Union assault against the trenches at Petersburg. Photo by Thomas C. Roche, April 3, 1865.<ref>Frassanito, p. 360.</ref><ref>See website Petersburg Project on location of Many of the Roche photographs at Petersburg April 1865</ref> Although prints of this picture list it as being taken at Ft Mahone, historians at the "Petersburg Project" believe it was taken at Confederate Battery 25<ref>Dead Artilleryman comments Petersburg Project</ref>
Smoke is still rising from the ruins of Richmond, Virginia after surrendering on April 3, 1865 following the Union victory at the siege of Petersburg. Union cavalry mounts with carbines visible are hitched in the foreground.
Richmond–Petersburg Theater, fall 1864
Confederate
Union

Series of battles around Petersburg, Virginia, fought from June 9, 1864, to March 25, 1865, during the American Civil War.

- Siege of Petersburg
The "Dictator" siege mortar at Petersburg. In the foreground, the figure on the right is Brig. Gen. Henry J. Hunt, chief of artillery of the Army of the Potomac.

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William Birney c. 1863

William Birney

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American professor, Union Army general during the American Civil War, attorney and author.

American professor, Union Army general during the American Civil War, attorney and author.

William Birney c. 1863
Charge of Gen. Birney's troops

Birney's regiments became the 2nd Division of the XXV Corps, and participated in the last assaults during the Siege of Petersburg in early 1865.

August Kautz

August Kautz

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German-American officer.

German-American officer.

August Kautz

Promoted to brigadier general of volunteers on April 16, 1864, Kautz led cavalry operations under the command of Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler during Ulysses S. Grant's campaigns against Richmond and Petersburg between April and June 1864.

Truman Seymour

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Career soldier and an accomplished painter.

Career soldier and an accomplished painter.

Robert Walter Weir, Portrait of Truman Seymour, ca 1852
Hudson River: Sailboats at Sunset
Moroccan Market with Red Flag
View into Courtyard, Alhambra
View of the Hudson River from West Point

After his exchange on August 9, Seymour took command of the Third Division of VI Corps, after James B. Ricketts was wounded, in the last stages of the Shenandoah Valley and the final battles of Petersburg, the Sayler's Creek, and the Appomattox Campaign.

Thomas H. Neill

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Native of Pennsylvania, became a general in the American Civil War, serving in the Army of the Potomac in some of its most important campaigns.

Native of Pennsylvania, became a general in the American Civil War, serving in the Army of the Potomac in some of its most important campaigns.

Getty returned early in the Siege of Petersburg, and Neill became a staff officer in XVIII Corps of the Army of the James.

Shenandoah Valley operations, May&ndash;July 1864

Valley campaigns of 1864

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The Valley campaigns of 1864 began as operations initiated by Union Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant and resulting battles that took place in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia during the American Civil War from May to October 1864.

The Valley campaigns of 1864 began as operations initiated by Union Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant and resulting battles that took place in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia during the American Civil War from May to October 1864.

Shenandoah Valley operations, May&ndash;July 1864
The ruins of the Virginia Military Institute after Hunter's Raid in 1864.
Shenandoah Valley operations, August&ndash;October 1864
Sheridan's final charge at Winchester

After his missions of neutralizing Early and suppressing the Valley's military-related economy, Sheridan returned to assist Grant at Petersburg.

Union Brigadier General Edward A. Wild

Edward A. Wild

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American homeopathic doctor and a brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

American homeopathic doctor and a brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Union Brigadier General Edward A. Wild
Wild in later years
A portrait of Wild taken sometime between the fall of 1862 and 1870.
Memorial plaque at Harvard University

Transferred to the Army of the Potomac in 1864, Wild and his black soldiers participated in the Overland Campaign and the subsequent Siege of Petersburg, Wild's men constructed and manned Fort Pocahontas, an earthen-walled Virginia fort on the James River that during the Battle of Wilson's Wharf withstood an attack on May 24 by Fitzhugh Lee's Confederates.

Carte de visite photo, circa 1864

John H. Martindale

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American lawyer, Union Army general, and politician.

American lawyer, Union Army general, and politician.

Carte de visite photo, circa 1864

Afterward he returned to field service, fighting with the XVIII Corps in the Bermuda Hundred Campaign, the Battle of Cold Harbor and the Siege of Petersburg, commanding the corps briefly in mid-July 1864.

John F. Hartranft

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The United States military officer who read the death warrant to the individuals who were executed on July 7, 1865 for conspiring to assassinate American President Abraham Lincoln.

The United States military officer who read the death warrant to the individuals who were executed on July 7, 1865 for conspiring to assassinate American President Abraham Lincoln.

Alexander Gardner photograph of Gen. John F. Hartranft and staff, responsible for securing the conspirators at the Arsenal. Top row left to right: Lt.Col.S.W. Frehrich; Lt. Geissinger; Surgeon G.T. Porter. Bottom row left to right: Capt.A.R. Watts; Lt. Col. W. H. McCall; Gen. Hartranft; Col. L.A. Dodd; Capt C. Roth.
Gen. Hartranft reading the Warrant July 7, 1865
John F. Hartranft after the American Civil War
Hartranft's statue on the Pennsylvania State Capitol grounds

He continued in operations against Richmond and Petersburg.

Clockwise from upper left: Brigadier General August V. Kautz, Brigadier General James H. Wilson, Confederate artillery firing across the river

Battle of Staunton River Bridge

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Engagement on June 25, 1864, between Union and Confederate forces during Wilson-Kautz Raid of the American Civil War.

Engagement on June 25, 1864, between Union and Confederate forces during Wilson-Kautz Raid of the American Civil War.

Clockwise from upper left: Brigadier General August V. Kautz, Brigadier General James H. Wilson, Confederate artillery firing across the river
Wilson-Kautz Raid, June 22–July 1

During the month of June 1864, Confederate General Robert E. Lee was commanding the Army of Northern Virginia in the defense of Petersburg, Virginia, against the Union siege under the command of Union Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant.

Cadmus M. Wilcox

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Career United States Army officer who served in the Mexican–American War and also was a Confederate general during the American Civil War.

Career United States Army officer who served in the Mexican–American War and also was a Confederate general during the American Civil War.

Wilcox as US Army second lieutenant
Attack by Anderson's division, July 2
Wilcox in later life

During the final days of the Siege of Petersburg in 1865, Wilcox's last-ditch stand on April 2 at Fort Gregg helped delay the Union forces long enough for Longstreet to maneuver into position to cover the army's retreat to the west.