Silent film

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For the Mel Brooks film, see Silent Movie.wikipedia
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City Lights

Luminile orașuluithe Chaplin film
The term is also frequently used to describe sound-era films that have a recorded music-only soundtrack without dialogue, such as City Lights and The Artist.
City Lights is a 1931 American pre-Code silent romantic comedy film written, produced, directed by, and starring Charlie Chaplin.

Intertitle

intertitlestitle cardtitle cards
In silent films for entertainment, the plot may be conveyed by the use of title cards, written indications of the plot and key dialogue lines.
They were a mainstay of silent films once the films became of sufficient length and detail to necessitate dialogue and/or narration to make sense of the enacted or documented events.

Sound film

talkietalkiessound
Early sound films, starting with The Jazz Singer in 1927, were variously referred to as the "talkies," "sound films," or "talking pictures."
A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film.

The Jazz Singer

1927 film19271927 film version
Early sound films, starting with The Jazz Singer in 1927, were variously referred to as the "talkies," "sound films," or "talking pictures."
Its release heralded the commercial ascendance of sound films and ended the silent film era.

1929 in film

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The art of motion pictures grew into full maturity in the "silent era" (1894 in film – 1929 in film).

Film

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A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound (and in particular, no audible dialogue).
Until sound film became commercially practical in the late 1920s, motion pictures were a purely visual art, but these innovative silent films had gained a hold on the public imagination.

Roundhay Garden Scene

Roundhay Garden
It was a two-second film of people walking in "Oakwood streets" garden, titled Roundhay Garden Scene.
Roundhay Garden Scene is an 1888 short silent actuality film recorded by French inventor Louis Le Prince.

Theatre organ

theater organorgancinema organist
During the silent era that existed from the mid-1890s to the late 1920s, a pianist, theater organist—or even, in large cities, a small orchestra—would often play music to accompany the films.
A theatre organ (also known as a theater organ, or [especially in the U.K.] a cinema organ) is a distinct type of pipe organ originally developed to provide music and sound effects to accompany silent films during the first 3 decades of the 20th century.

The Birth of a Nation

Birth of a Nation1915 filmBertha van Ation refers to the film ''Birth of a Nation
Starting with the mostly original score composed by Joseph Carl Breil for D. W. Griffith's groundbreaking epic The Birth of a Nation (1915), it became relatively common for the biggest-budgeted films to arrive at the exhibiting theater with original, specially composed scores.
The Birth of a Nation (originally called The Clansman) is an American silent epic drama film directed and co-produced by D. W. Griffith and starring Lillian Gish.

Napoléon (1927 film)

NapoléonNapoleon1927
An early effort of this kind was Kevin Brownlow's 1980 restoration of Abel Gance's Napoléon (1927), featuring a score by Carl Davis.
Napoléon is a 1927 silent French epic film written, produced, and directed by Abel Gance that tells the story of Napoleon's early years.

Kevin Brownlow

Brownlow, Kevin
An early effort of this kind was Kevin Brownlow's 1980 restoration of Abel Gance's Napoléon (1927), featuring a score by Carl Davis.
Brownlow became interested in silent film at the age of eleven.

Carl Davis

An early effort of this kind was Kevin Brownlow's 1980 restoration of Abel Gance's Napoléon (1927), featuring a score by Carl Davis.
He has written music for more than 100 television programmes, but is best known for creating music to accompany silent films.

The Artist (film)

The ArtistArtist, TheControversy about Novak's ''The Artist'' ad in ''Variety
The term is also frequently used to describe sound-era films that have a recorded music-only soundtrack without dialogue, such as City Lights and The Artist.
The Artist is a 2011 French comedy-drama film in the style of a black-and-white silent film or part-talkie.

Dennis James (musician)

Dennis James
Other purveyors of the traditional approach include organists such as Dennis James and pianists such as Neil Brand, Günter Buchwald, Philip C. Carli, Ben Model, and William P. Perry.
Beginning in 1969, he presented historically informed live accompaniments for silent films, with piano, theatre organ, chamber ensemble and full symphony orchestras, throughout the United States, Canada, Mexico and overseas.

Metropolis (1927 film)

Metropolis1927 film of the same namefilm of the same name
In 1984, an edited restoration of Metropolis (1927) was released with a new rock music score by producer-composer Giorgio Moroder.
The silent film is regarded as a pioneering science-fiction movie, being among the first feature-length movies of that genre.

Harold Lloyd

Harold Lloyd CorporationHarold Lloyd: The Third Geniussilent screen legend
Israel has worked mainly in silent comedy, scoring films of Harold Lloyd, Buster Keaton, Charley Chase and others.
Harold Clayton Lloyd Sr. (April 20, 1893 – March 8, 1971) was an American actor, comedian, and stunt performer who appeared in many silent comedy films.

The Big Parade

1925
Davis has composed new scores for classic silent dramas such as The Big Parade (1925) and Flesh and the Devil (1927).
The Big Parade is a 1925 American silent war drama film directed by King Vidor, starring John Gilbert, Renée Adorée, Hobart Bosworth, Tom O'Brien, and Karl Dane.

Benshi

byeonsakatsudō-benshi
In Japan, films had not only live music but also the benshi, a live narrator who provided commentary and character voices.
Benshi were Japanese performers who provided live narration for silent films (both Japanese films and Western films).

Charlie Chaplin

Charles ChaplinChaplinChaplinesque
Timothy Brock has restored many of Charlie Chaplin's scores, in addition to composing new scores.
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film.

Flesh and the Devil

Davis has composed new scores for classic silent dramas such as The Big Parade (1925) and Flesh and the Devil (1927).
Flesh and the Devil (1926) is a romantic drama silent film released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and stars Greta Garbo, John Gilbert, Lars Hanson, and Barbara Kent, directed by Clarence Brown, and based on the novel The Undying Past by Hermann Sudermann.

Gaylord Carter

The legendary theater organist Gaylord Carter continued to perform and record his original silent film scores until shortly before his death in 2000; some of those scores are available on DVD reissues.
Gaylord Carter (August 3, 1905 – November 20, 2000) was an American organist and the composer of many film scores that were added to silent movies released on video tape or disks.

Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory

La Sortie de l'Usine Lumière à LyonSortie de l'usine Lumière de LyonLa Sortie de l'usine Lumière
Their first film, Sortie de l'usine Lumière de Lyon, shot in 1894, is considered the first true motion picture.
Workers Leaving The Lumière Factory in Lyon (La Sortie de l'Usine Lumière à Lyon), also known as Employees Leaving the Lumière Factory and Exiting the Factory, is an 1895 French short black-and-white silent documentary film directed and produced by Louis Lumière.

Photoplay music

musical accompanimentsilent film accompaniment
Once full features became commonplace, however, music was compiled from photoplay music by the pianist, organist, orchestra conductor or the movie studio itself, which included a cue sheet with the film.
Photoplay music is incidental music, soundtrack music, and themes written specifically for the accompaniment of silent films.

Silent Orchestra

Among the contemporary ensembles in this category are Un Drame Musical Instantané, Alloy Orchestra, Club Foot Orchestra, Silent Orchestra, Mont Alto Motion Picture Orchestra, Minima and the Caspervek Trio, RPM Orchestra.
Silent Orchestra was formed in 1998 to bring live music and sound design to classic and contemporary silent films.

Lupe Vélez

Lupe VelezMexican SpitfireGuadalupe Villalobos Vélez
Films in this category include Griffith's Lady of the Pavements with Lupe Vélez, Edwin Carewe's Evangeline with Dolores del Rio, and Rupert Julian's The Phantom of the Opera with Mary Philbin and Virginia Pearson.
By the end of the decade, in the last years of American silent films, she had progressed to leading roles in numerous movies like The Gaucho (1927), Lady of the Pavements (1928), and Wolf Song (1929), among others.