Silicon Valley

Silicon Valley, CaliforniaSan JoseValleySiliconValleythis Northern Californian regionSilicon Valley areaSan Jose and its suburbs on the southwest side of San Francisco BaySilicon Valley, United StatesSan Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA MSASilicon Valley Museums
Silicon Valley (sometimes abbreviated as SV) is a region in the southern San Francisco Bay Area of Northern California which serves as a global center for high technology, innovation and social media.wikipedia
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San Jose, California

San JoseSan Jose, CASan José
San Jose is the Valley's largest city, the third largest in California, and the tenth largest in the United States.
San Jose (Spanish for 'Saint Joseph'; ), officially the City of San José, is an economic, cultural and political center of Silicon Valley, and the largest city in Northern California (both in population and area).

Santa Clara Valley

South BaySouth Bay AreaSanta Clara
It corresponds roughly to the geographical Santa Clara Valley.
The northern, urbanized end of the valley is part of a region locally known as the "South Bay" and also part of the electronics, research, and technology area known as Silicon Valley.

Sunnyvale, California

SunnyvaleSunnyvale, CACalifornia (Sunnyvale)
Other major Silicon Valley cities include Palo Alto, Menlo Park,Cupertino, Santa Clara, Mountain View, and Sunnyvale.
Sunnyvale is the seventh most populous city in the San Francisco Bay Area and one of the major cities comprising Silicon Valley.

Santa Clara, California

Santa ClaraSanta Clara, CAcity of Santa Clara
Other major Silicon Valley cities include Palo Alto, Menlo Park,Cupertino, Santa Clara, Mountain View, and Sunnyvale.
Santa Clara is located in the center of Silicon Valley and is home to the headquarters of several high-tech companies such as Intel.

List of technology centers

technology clustertechnology hubTech hub
The name also became a global synonym for leading high-tech research and enterprises, and thus inspired similar named locations, as well as research parks and technology centers with a comparable structure all around the world.
Governmental planners and business networks like to use the name "silicon" or "valley" to describe their own areas as a result of the success of Silicon Valley in California.

Santa Clara County, California

Santa Clara CountySanta ClaraCounty of Santa Clara
As more high-tech companies were established across San Jose and the Santa Clara Valley, and then north towards the Bay Area's two other major cities, San Francisco and Oakland, the "Silicon Valley" has come to have two definitions: a geographic one, referring to Santa Clara County, and a metonymical one, referring to all high-tech businesses in the Bay Area.
Home to Silicon Valley, Santa Clara County is a global economic center for high technology and has the third highest GDP per capita in the world (after Zurich, Switzerland and Oslo, Norway), according to the Brookings Institution.

Stanford University

StanfordLeland Stanford Junior UniversityStanford Cardinal
Stanford University leadership was especially important in the valley's early development.
Stanford is known for its academic strength, wealth, proximity to Silicon Valley, and ranking as one of the world's top universities.

San Francisco Bay Area

Bay AreaSan FranciscoSan Francisco Bay
Silicon Valley (sometimes abbreviated as SV) is a region in the southern San Francisco Bay Area of Northern California which serves as a global center for high technology, innovation and social media.
It is roughly synonymous with Silicon Valley due to its high concentration of tech companies, although the industry also has a significant presence in the rest of the Bay Area.

Innovation

pioneerinnovatorinnovative
Silicon Valley (sometimes abbreviated as SV) is a region in the southern San Francisco Bay Area of Northern California which serves as a global center for high technology, innovation and social media.
A prime example of innovation involved the explosive boom of Silicon Valley startups out of the Stanford Industrial Park.

Charles Litton Sr.

Charles LittonCharlie Litton
William Eitel, Jack McCullough, and Charles Litton, who together pioneered vacuum tube manufacturing in the Bay Area, were hobbyists with training in technology gained locally who participated in development of shortwave radio by the ham radio hobby.
Charles Vincent Litton Sr. (1904–1972) was an engineer and inventor from the area now known as Silicon Valley.

California

CAState of CaliforniaCalifornia, USA
San Jose is the Valley's largest city, the third largest in California, and the tenth largest in the United States.
Stanford University and its Dean of Engineering Frederick Terman began encouraging faculty and graduates to stay in California instead of leaving the state, and develop a high-tech region in the area now known as Silicon Valley.

Varian Associates

VarianRussell and Sigurd VarianDorothy Varian
He is credited with nurturing Hewlett-Packard, Varian Associates, and other high-tech firms, until what would become Silicon Valley grew up around the Stanford campus.
Varian Associates was one of the first high-tech companies in Silicon Valley.

Northern California

Northernnorthern portionnorthern part of the state
Silicon Valley (sometimes abbreviated as SV) is a region in the southern San Francisco Bay Area of Northern California which serves as a global center for high technology, innovation and social media.
Its economy is diverse, though more concentrated in high technology, and subject to the whims of venture capital than any other major regional economy in the nation especially within Silicon Valley, and less dependent on oil and residential housing than Southern California.

William Shockley

William Bradford ShockleyBill ShockleyShockley
In 1956, William Shockley, the creator of the transistor, moved from New Jersey to Mountain View, California, to start Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory to live closer to his ailing mother in Palo Alto.
Shockley's attempts to commercialize a new transistor design in the 1950s and 1960s led to California's "Silicon Valley" becoming a hotbed of electronics innovation.

Frederick Terman

Fred TermanF.E. TermanTerman
During the 1940s and 1950s, Frederick Terman, as Stanford's dean of engineering and provost, encouraged faculty and graduates to start their own companies.
He is widely credited (together with William Shockley) as being the father of Silicon Valley.

Hangar One (Mountain View, California)

Hangar OneHangars oneMoffett Field, California
In 1933, Air Base Sunnyvale, California, was commissioned by the United States Government for use as a Naval Air Station (NAS) to house the airship USS Macon in Hangar One.
The massive hangar has long been one of the most recognizable landmarks of California's Silicon Valley.

Electronic News

Electronic News Weekly
The popularization of the name is credited to Don Hoefler, who first used it in the article "Silicon Valley in the USA", appearing in the January 11, 1971 issue of the weekly trade newspaper Electronic News.
This is thought to be the first published use of the phrase Silicon Valley to describe the area of the southern part of the San Francisco Bay area in northern California, United States, an area known for its concentration of companies making semiconductors, among them Intel, LSI Logic, National Semiconductor.

Intel

Intel CorporationIntel Corp.Intel Capital
Two of the original employees of Fairchild Semiconductor, Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore, would go on to found Intel.
Intel Corporation (commonly known as Intel and stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.

Silicon

SisiliciumSilicon (Si)
The word "silicon" originally referred to the large number of silicon chip innovators and manufacturers in the region, but the area is now the home to many of the world's largest high-tech corporations, including the headquarters of 39 businesses in the Fortune 1000, and thousands of startup companies.
For example, Santa Clara Valley in California acquired the nickname Silicon Valley, as the element is the base material in the semiconductor industry there.

Homebrew Computer Club

homebrewcomputer homebrew
The Homebrew Computer Club was an informal group of electronic enthusiasts and technically minded hobbyists who gathered to trade parts, circuits, and information pertaining to DIY construction of computing devices.
The Homebrew Computer Club was an early computer hobbyist group in Silicon Valley which met from March 5, 1975 to December 1986, and was depicted in the films Pirates of Silicon Valley (1999) and Jobs (2013), as well as the PBS documentary series, Triumph of the Nerds (1996).

Mountain View, California

Mountain ViewMountain View, CAMountain View Public Library
Other major Silicon Valley cities include Palo Alto, Menlo Park,Cupertino, Santa Clara, Mountain View, and Sunnyvale. In 1956, William Shockley, the creator of the transistor, moved from New Jersey to Mountain View, California, to start Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory to live closer to his ailing mother in Palo Alto.
In 1956, Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory, the first company to develop silicon semiconductor devices in what came to be known as Silicon Valley, was established in the city by William Shockley.

Hewlett-Packard

HPHewlett PackardHewlett-Packard Company
He is credited with nurturing Hewlett-Packard, Varian Associates, and other high-tech firms, until what would become Silicon Valley grew up around the Stanford campus. Some examples include the work of Lee De Forest with his invention of a pioneering vacuum tube called the Audion and the oscilloscopes of Hewlett-Packard.
HP is recognized as the symbolic founder of Silicon Valley, although it did not actively investigate semiconductor devices until a few years after the "traitorous eight" had abandoned William Shockley to create Fairchild Semiconductor in 1957.

Robert Noyce

Robert N. NoyceNoyce, RobertRobert H. Noyce
Two of the original employees of Fairchild Semiconductor, Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore, would go on to found Intel.
He is also credited (along with Jack Kilby) with the realization of the first integrated circuit or microchip that fueled the personal computer revolution and gave Silicon Valley its name.

Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory

Shockley Transistor CorporationShockleyShockley Semiconductor
In 1956, William Shockley, the creator of the transistor, moved from New Jersey to Mountain View, California, to start Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory to live closer to his ailing mother in Palo Alto.
It was the first high technology company in what came to be known as Silicon Valley to work on silicon-based semiconductor devices.

San Francisco

San Francisco, CaliforniaSan Francisco, CACity and County of San Francisco
As more high-tech companies were established across San Jose and the Santa Clara Valley, and then north towards the Bay Area's two other major cities, San Francisco and Oakland, the "Silicon Valley" has come to have two definitions: a geographic one, referring to Santa Clara County, and a metonymical one, referring to all high-tech businesses in the Bay Area.
By the mid-2000s (decade), the social media boom had begun, with San Francisco becoming a popular location for tech offices and a popular place to live for people employed in Silicon Valley companies such as Apple and Google.