Silicosis

miner's phthisisgrinder's diseasehazardous dustlung diseaselung silicosisMiner's consumptionphthisisPneumoconiosis due to dust containing silicaPotter's rotSilicosis and Silicotuberculosis
Silicosis is a form of occupational lung disease caused by inhalation of crystalline silica dust.wikipedia
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Pneumoconiosis

Miner's LungpneumoconiosesAluminium lung
It is a type of pneumoconiosis.
Of these deaths, 46,000 were due to silicosis, 24,000 due to asbestosis and 25,000 due to coal workers pneumoconiosis.

Occupational lung disease

Dust-induced lung diseaselung diseaseOccupational
Silicosis is a form of occupational lung disease caused by inhalation of crystalline silica dust.
Most common pneumoconiosis are silicosis, coal workers’ pneumoconiosis (CWP), and asbestosis.

Tuberculosis

consumptionpulmonary tuberculosisTB
It may often be misdiagnosed as pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs), pneumonia, or tuberculosis.
Silicosis increases the risk about 30-fold.

Progressive massive fibrosis

Progressive massive fibrosis (PMF), characterized by the development of large conglomerate masses of dense fibrosis (usually in the upper lung zones), can complicate silicosis and coal worker's pneumoconiosis.

Jackhammer

pneumatic drillpneumatic drillsJack hammer
The pneumatic hammer drill was introduced in 1897 and sandblasting was introduced in about 1904, both significantly contributing to the increased prevalence of silicosis.
Using a jackhammer to break up concrete pavement may expose the operator to hazardous dust containing respirable crystalline silica.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

emphysemaCOPDpulmonary emphysema
With retraction of the lung tissue, there is compensatory emphysema.
Silica dust and fiberglass dust exposure can also lead to COPD, with the risk unrelated to that for silicosis.

Birefringence

birefringentdouble refractionbiaxial
Characteristic lung tissue pathology in nodular silicosis consists of fibrotic nodules with concentric "onion-skinned" arrangement of collagen fibers, central hyalinization, and a cellular peripheral zone, with lightly birefringent particles seen under polarized light.
Birefringence of particles biopsied from pulmonary nodules indicates silicosis.

Silicon dioxide

silicasiliceousSiO 2
Silicosis is a form of occupational lung disease caused by inhalation of crystalline silica dust.
Inhaling finely divided crystalline silica is toxic and can lead to severe inflammation of the lung tissue, silicosis, bronchitis, lung cancer, and systemic autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.

Hawks Nest Tunnel disaster

Hawk's Nest incidentdisasterepidemic of silicosis
In the United States, a 1930 epidemic of silicosis due to the construction of the Hawk's Nest Tunnel near Gauley Bridge, West Virginia caused the death of at least 400 workers.
The Hawks Nest Tunnel disaster was a large-scale incident of occupational silicosis as the result of the construction of the Hawks Nest Tunnel near Gauley Bridge, West Virginia, as part of a hydroelectric project.

Quartz

rock crystalquartz crystalcitrine
Crystalline silica of respirable size is a recognized human carcinogen and may lead to other diseases of the lungs such as silicosis and pulmonary fibrosis.

Silicon

Sisilicon revolutionsilicium
Silicon (Si) is the second most common element in the Earth's crust (oxygen is the most common).
Inhalation of crystalline silica dust may lead to silicosis, an occupational lung disease marked by inflammation and scarring in the form of nodular lesions in the upper lobes of the lungs.

Health effects arising from the September 11 attacks

Health effects arising from the September 11, 2001 attacksGround Zero illnessHealth effects of September 11, 2001 attacks
Much of the thousands of tons of debris resulting from the collapse of the Twin Towers was pulverized concrete, which is known to cause silicosis upon inhalation.

Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis

P-45
Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis is a word coined by the president of the National Puzzlers' League as a synonym for the disease known as silicosis.

Abrasive blasting

sandblastingsandblastedsandblast
The pneumatic hammer drill was introduced in 1897 and sandblasting was introduced in about 1904, both significantly contributing to the increased prevalence of silicosis.
It tends to break up quickly, creating large quantities of dust, exposing the operator to the potential development of silicosis, a debilitating lung disease.

Diatomaceous earth

diatomitekieselguhrcelite
Inhalation of crystalline silica is harmful to the lungs, causing silicosis.

Delamar, Nevada

DelamarDelamar Ghost Town
Also, the mining establishment of Delamar Ghost Town, Nevada was ruined by a dry-mining process that produced a silicosis-causing dust.
Miners breathing the dust often developed silicosis and the town became known as a "widow-maker."

Mining

mineminescopper mine
Although silicosis has been known for centuries, the industrialization of mining has led to an increase in silicosis cases.
There are numerous occupational hazards associated with mining, including exposure to rockdust which can lead to diseases such as silicosis, asbestosis, and pneumoconiosis.

Crystal

crystallinecrystalscrystalline solid
Silicosis is a form of occupational lung disease caused by inhalation of crystalline silica dust.

Inflammation

inflammatoryinflammatory responseinflamed
It is marked by inflammation and scarring in the form of nodular lesions in the upper lobes of the lungs.

Nodule (medicine)

nodulesnodulenodular
Characteristic lung tissue pathology in nodular silicosis consists of fibrotic nodules with concentric "onion-skinned" arrangement of collagen fibers, central hyalinization, and a cellular peripheral zone, with lightly birefringent particles seen under polarized light. It is marked by inflammation and scarring in the form of nodular lesions in the upper lobes of the lungs.

Lung

lungspulmonaryright lung
It is marked by inflammation and scarring in the form of nodular lesions in the upper lobes of the lungs.

Cyanosis

cyanoticbluish skinBlue discoloration of the skin
Silicosis (particularly the acute form) is characterized by shortness of breath, cough, fever, and cyanosis (bluish skin).

Pulmonary edema

pulmonary oedemapulmonary congestionacute pulmonary edema
It may often be misdiagnosed as pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs), pneumonia, or tuberculosis.