Silver

Agsilver orenative silverargentumAg + Ag+silverwareargent-common silverE174
Silver is a chemical element with the symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European h₂erǵ: "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.wikipedia
4,625 Related Articles

Alloy

alloysmetal alloyalloying
The metal is found in the Earth's crust in the pure, free elemental form ("native silver"), as an alloy with gold and other metals, and in minerals such as argentite and chlorargyrite.
For example, combining the metallic elements gold and copper produces red gold, gold and silver becomes white gold, and silver combined with copper produces sterling silver.

Gold

Aunative goldgold dust
The metal is found in the Earth's crust in the pure, free elemental form ("native silver"), as an alloy with gold and other metals, and in minerals such as argentite and chlorargyrite. Silver is similar in its physical and chemical properties to its two vertical neighbours in group 11 of the periodic table, copper and gold.
It occurs in a solid solution series with the native element silver (as electrum) and also naturally alloyed with copper and palladium.

Lead

Pblead orelead mining
Most silver is produced as a byproduct of copper, gold, lead, and zinc refining.
Galena, a principal ore of lead, often bears silver, interest in which helped initiate widespread extraction and use of lead in ancient Rome.

Bimetallism

bimetallicbimetalismbimetallic standard
Silver metal is used in many bullion coins, sometimes alongside gold: while it is more abundant than gold, it is much less abundant as a native metal.
Bimetallism is a monetary standard in which the value of the monetary unit is defined as equivalent to certain quantities of two metals, typically gold and silver, creating a fixed rate of exchange between them.

Chemical element

elementelementschemical elements
Silver is a chemical element with the symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European h₂erǵ: "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.
Among the more common of such native elements are copper, silver, gold, carbon (as coal, graphite, or diamonds), and sulfur.

Copper

CuCu 2+ cupric
Most silver is produced as a byproduct of copper, gold, lead, and zinc refining. Silver is similar in its physical and chemical properties to its two vertical neighbours in group 11 of the periodic table, copper and gold.
Copper, silver, and gold are in group 11 of the periodic table; these three metals have one s-orbital electron on top of a filled d-electron shell and are characterized by high ductility, and electrical and thermal conductivity.

Coin

coinsspecieexergue
Other than in currency and as an investment medium (coins and bullion), silver is used in solar panels, water filtration, jewellery, ornaments, high-value tableware and utensils (hence the term silverware), in electrical contacts and conductors, in specialized mirrors, window coatings, in catalysis of chemical reactions, as a colorant in stained glass and in specialised confectionery.
Exceptions to the rule of face value being higher than content value also occur for some bullion coins made of copper, silver, or gold (and, rarely, other metals, such as platinum or palladium), intended for collectors or investors in precious metals.

Bullion

silver bullionactual gold weightgold and silver
Other than in currency and as an investment medium (coins and bullion), silver is used in solar panels, water filtration, jewellery, ornaments, high-value tableware and utensils (hence the term silverware), in electrical contacts and conductors, in specialized mirrors, window coatings, in catalysis of chemical reactions, as a colorant in stained glass and in specialised confectionery.
Bullion is gold, silver, or other precious metals in the form of bars, ingots, or specialized coins that is said a government, to maintain its worth better than conventional currencies and is therefore kept as a form of emergency currency by both governments and private citizens alike.

Silver nitrate

AgNO 3 nitrate of silverAgNO3
Dilute solutions of silver nitrate and other silver compounds are used as disinfectants and microbiocides (oligodynamic effect), added to bandages and wound-dressings, catheters, and other medical instruments.
This compound is a versatile precursor to many other silver compounds, such as those used in photography.

Precious metal

precious metalsbullionprecious
Silver has long been valued as a precious metal.
Gold, silver, platinum, and palladium each have an ISO 4217 currency code.

Zinc

ZnZn 2+ zinc alloy
Most silver is produced as a byproduct of copper, gold, lead, and zinc refining.
Other metals long known to form binary alloys with zinc are aluminium, antimony, bismuth, gold, iron, lead, mercury, silver, tin, magnesium, cobalt, nickel, tellurium, and sodium.

Group 11 element

group 1111coinage metals
Silver is similar in its physical and chemical properties to its two vertical neighbours in group 11 of the periodic table, copper and gold.
Group 11, by modern IUPAC numbering, is a group of chemical elements in the periodic table, consisting of copper (Cu), silver (Ag), and gold (Au).

Electrical resistivity and conductivity

electrical conductivityresistivityconductivity
A soft, white, lustrous transition metal, it exhibits the highest electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and reflectivity of any metal.
In ordinary conductors, such as copper or silver, this decrease is limited by impurities and other defects.

Metals of antiquity

knew of itMetalsseven metals known in antiquity
As one of the seven metals of antiquity, silver has had an enduring role in most human cultures.
The metals of antiquity are the seven metals which humans had identified and found use for in prehistoric times: gold, silver, copper, tin, lead, iron, and mercury.

Metal

metalsmetal ionsmetal ion
A soft, white, lustrous transition metal, it exhibits the highest electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and reflectivity of any metal.
The elemental metals have electrical conductivity values of from 6.9 × 10 3 S/cm for manganese to 6.3 × 10 5 S/cm for silver.

Stained glass

stained-glassstained glass windowstained glass windows
Other than in currency and as an investment medium (coins and bullion), silver is used in solar panels, water filtration, jewellery, ornaments, high-value tableware and utensils (hence the term silverware), in electrical contacts and conductors, in specialized mirrors, window coatings, in catalysis of chemical reactions, as a colorant in stained glass and in specialised confectionery.

Symbol (chemistry)

symbolchemical symbolchemical symbols
Silver is a chemical element with the symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European h₂erǵ: "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.

Native metal

nativefree metalfree
Silver metal is used in many bullion coins, sometimes alongside gold: while it is more abundant than gold, it is much less abundant as a native metal.
The gold group consists of gold, copper, lead, aluminium, mercury, and silver.

Jewellery

jewelryjewelledjeweler
Other than in currency and as an investment medium (coins and bullion), silver is used in solar panels, water filtration, jewellery, ornaments, high-value tableware and utensils (hence the term silverware), in electrical contacts and conductors, in specialized mirrors, window coatings, in catalysis of chemical reactions, as a colorant in stained glass and in specialised confectionery.
For platinum, gold, and silver jewellery, there are many techniques to create finishes.

Transition metal

transition metalstransition elementtransition-metal
A soft, white, lustrous transition metal, it exhibits the highest electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and reflectivity of any metal.

Solar panel

solar panelssolar modulephotovoltaic panels
Other than in currency and as an investment medium (coins and bullion), silver is used in solar panels, water filtration, jewellery, ornaments, high-value tableware and utensils (hence the term silverware), in electrical contacts and conductors, in specialized mirrors, window coatings, in catalysis of chemical reactions, as a colorant in stained glass and in specialised confectionery.

Aluminium

aluminumAlall-metal
Protected silver has greater optical reflectivity than aluminium at all wavelengths longer than ~450 nm.
Aluminium mirror finish has the highest reflectance of any metal in the 200–400 nm (UV) and the 3,000–10,000 nm (far IR) regions; in the 400–700 nm visible range it is slightly outperformed by tin and silver and in the 700–3000 nm (near IR) by silver, gold, and copper.

Silver(II) fluoride

silver difluorideAgF 2 difluoride
Unlike copper, silver will not react with the halogens, with the exception of fluorine gas, with which it forms the difluoride.
Silver usually exists in its +1 oxidation state.

Silver chloride

AgClsilver(I) chlorideI
The three main forms of deterioration in historical silver artifacts are tarnishing, formation of silver chloride due to long-term immersion in salt water, as well as reaction with nitrate ions or oxygen.
Silver chloride is a chemical compound with the chemical formula AgCl.

Noble metal

noble metalsnoblenoble-metal
Silver does not react with air, even at red heat, and thus was considered by alchemists as a noble metal along with gold.
The short list of chemically noble metals (those elements upon which almost all chemists agree) comprises ruthenium (Ru), rhodium (Rh), palladium (Pd), silver (Ag), osmium (Os), iridium (Ir), platinum (Pt), and gold (Au).