Silvio Berlusconi

BerlusconiBerlusconization[Silvio] BerlusconiBerlusconi governmentBerlusconi, Silvioconvicted of tax-fraudItalian Prime Minister BerlusconiNoemi LetiziaPrime Minister BerlusconiPrime Minister of Italy
Silvio Berlusconi (, ; born 29 September 1936) is an Italian media tycoon and politician who has served as Prime Minister of Italy in four governments.wikipedia
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Mediaset

ReteitaliaMediaset S.p.A.Medusa Film
Berlusconi is the controlling shareholder of Mediaset and owned the Italian football club A.C. Milan from 1986 to 2017. His career was racked with controversies and trials; amongst these was his failure to honour his promise to sell his personal assets in Mediaset, the largest television broadcaster in Italy, in order to dispel any perceived conflicts of interest.
Founded in 1987 by former Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi and still controlled today with a 38.6% stake by his family's holding company Fininvest, the group competes primarily against the public broadcaster RAI, the privately owned La7 and Sky plc's Sky Italia.

Centre-right coalition

centre-rightcenter-right coalitionCenter-right
In 2009, Forbes ranked him 12th in the List of The World's Most Powerful People due to his domination of Italian politics, throughout more than twenty years at the head of the centre-right coalition.
The centre-right coalition (coalizione di centro-destra) is a political alliance of political parties in Italy, active—under several forms and names—since 1994, when Silvio Berlusconi entered politics and formed his Forza Italia party.

Forza Italia

FIthe Forza ItalyCivil Molise
He was the leader of the centre-right party Forza Italia from 1994 to 2009, and its successor party The People of Freedom from 2009 to 2013.
Its leader was Silvio Berlusconi, four times Prime Minister of Italy.

Forza Italia (2013)

Forza ItaliaFIForza Alto Adige
Since November 2013, he has led a revived Forza Italia.
Its leader is Silvio Berlusconi, former Prime Minister of Italy (1994–1995, 2001–2006, 2008–2011).

List of prime ministers of Italy by time in office

second-longest servingfifth longest-servingfourth-longest serving
Berlusconi was Prime Minister for nine years in total, making him the [[List of Italian Prime Ministers by time in office#Italian Republic (1946–present)|longest serving]] post-war Prime Minister of Italy, and the third longest-serving since Italian unification, after Benito Mussolini and Giovanni Giolitti.

2013 Italian general election

2013 general election20132013 election
After serving nearly 19 years as member of the Chamber of Deputies, Italy's lower house, after the 2013 general election he became a member of the Senate.
The centre-left alliance Italy Common Good led by the Democratic Party obtained a clear majority of seats in the Chamber of Deputies, thanks to a majority bonus that has effectively trebled the number of seats assigned to the winning force, while in the popular vote it narrowly defeated the centre-right alliance of former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi.

Barbara Berlusconi

Barbara
By 1980, Berlusconi had established a relationship with the actress Veronica Lario (born Miriam Bartolini), with whom he subsequently had three children: Barbara (born 1984), Eleonora (born 1986) and Luigi (born 1988).
Barbara Berlusconi (born 30 July 1984) is one of the daughters of Silvio Berlusconi.

Bettino Craxi

CraxiBenedetto CraxiBettino
One of his best men was Bettino Craxi, a former prime minister and leader of the Italian Socialist Party.
Craxi's government and party were also supported by future Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, a media magnate and personal friend of Craxi.

Italia 1

Italia1Italia UnoAntenna Nord
In 1980, Berlusconi founded Italy's first private national network, Canale 5, followed shortly thereafter by Italia 1, which was bought from the Rusconi family in 1982, and Rete 4, which was bought from Mondadori in 1984.
Italia 1 was launched on 3 January 1982 and, originally, was owned by Rusconi; after a few months, however, due to the aggressive dumping practices of Silvio Berlusconi's rival network Canale 5, Rusconi was forced to sell the majority of his company to Fininvest, allowing Berlusconi to further strengthen his media holdings.

A.C. Milan

MilanAC MilanAssociazione Calcio Milan
Berlusconi is the controlling shareholder of Mediaset and owned the Italian football club A.C. Milan from 1986 to 2017.
On 20 February 1986, entrepreneur Silvio Berlusconi (who owns Fininvest and Mediaset) acquired the club and saved it from bankruptcy after investing vast amounts of money, appointing rising manager Arrigo Sacchi at the helm of the Rossoneri and signing Dutch internationals Ruud Gullit, Marco van Basten and Frank Rijkaard.

Tele 5

Tele-München
He then launched three international sister networks: La Cinq (which began operations in 1986), Tele 5 (which launched in 1988), and Telecinco (which launched in 1989).
Prior to 1988, Silvio Berlusconi bought part of Musicbox and rebranded it as Tele5 on 11 January 1988.

La Cinq

La 5La Cinq 5
He then launched three international sister networks: La Cinq (which began operations in 1986), Tele 5 (which launched in 1988), and Telecinco (which launched in 1989).
Created by politician Jérôme Seydoux and Italian media mogul Silvio Berlusconi, the network broadcast from 1985 to 1992.

2006 Italian general election

2006 general election20062006 election
Berlusconi was leader of the centre-right coalition in the April 2006 parliamentary elections, which he lost by a very narrow margin, his opponent again being Romano Prodi.
Romano Prodi, leader of the centre-left coalition The Union, narrowly defeated the incumbent Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, leader of the centre-right coalition House of Freedoms.

Political career of Silvio Berlusconi

resignation of Silvio BerlusconiresignationBerlusconi's resignation
After losing his majority in parliament amid growing fiscal problems related to the European debt crisis, Berlusconi resigned as Prime Minister on 16 November 2011.
The political career of Silvio Berlusconi began in 1994, when Berlusconi entered politics for the first time serving intermittent terms as Prime Minister of Italy from 1994 to 1995, 2001 to 2006 and 2008 to 2011, his career was racked with controversies and trials; amongst these was his failure to honour his promise to sell his personal assets in Mediaset, the largest television broadcaster network in Italy, in order to dispel any perceived conflicts of interest.

Paolo Berlusconi

Paolo
Silvio was the first of three children; he had a sister, Maria Francesca Antonietta Berlusconi (1943–2009), and has a brother, Paolo Berlusconi (born 1949).
Paolo Berlusconi (born 6 December 1949 in Milan, Italy) is the younger brother of the former Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi.

1994 Italian general election

1994 general election19941994 election
He was elected to the Chamber of Deputies for the first time and appointed as Prime Minister following the 1994 parliamentary elections, when Forza Italia gained a relative majority a mere three months after having been launched.
Silvio Berlusconi's centre-right alliance won a large majority in the Chamber, but just missed winning a majority in the Senate.

Romano Prodi

ProdiPrime Minister ProdiProdi & C.
In the April 1996 snap parliamentary elections, Berlusconi was defeated by the centre-left candidate Romano Prodi.
Following the victory of his coalition The Union over the House of Freedoms led by Silvio Berlusconi in the April 2006 Italian elections, Prodi took power again.

Veronica Lario

Veronica Berlusconi
By 1980, Berlusconi had established a relationship with the actress Veronica Lario (born Miriam Bartolini), with whom he subsequently had three children: Barbara (born 1984), Eleonora (born 1986) and Luigi (born 1988).
Veronica Lario (born Miriam Raffaella Bartolini, 19 July 1956) is a former Italian actress and the former wife of ex Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi.

Fininvest

Fininvest GroupPublitalia-Fininvest groupReteitalia
It was a residential centre in the Italian town of Segrate and was built as a new town by Edilnord, a Berlusconi owned company associated with the Fininvest group. In 1978, Berlusconi founded his first media group, Fininvest, and joined the Propaganda Due masonic lodge.
Finanziaria d'investimento Fininvest S.p.A., known as just Fininvest S.p.A., is an Italian holding company controlled by the Berlusconi family and managed by Silvio Berlusconi's eldest daughter Marina Berlusconi.

2001 Italian general election

2001 general election2001general election
In the May 2001 parliamentary elections, he was again the centre-right candidate for Prime Minister and won against the centre-left candidate Francesco Rutelli.
The election was won by the centre-right coalition House of Freedoms led by Silvio Berlusconi, defeating Francesco Rutelli, former Mayor of Rome, and Prime Ministerial candidate of the centre-left coalition The Olive Tree, and rising back to power after Berlusconi's first victory, in the 1994 general election.

1996 Italian general election

1996 general election19961996 election
In the April 1996 snap parliamentary elections, Berlusconi was defeated by the centre-left candidate Romano Prodi.
Romano Prodi, leader of the centre-left coalition The Olive Tree, won the election, narrowly defeating Silvio Berlusconi, who led the Pole for Freedoms centre-right coalition.

Controversies surrounding Silvio Berlusconi

controversiesBerlusconi's scandalsCorruption in the Berlusconi's Government
His career was racked with controversies and trials; amongst these was his failure to honour his promise to sell his personal assets in Mediaset, the largest television broadcaster in Italy, in order to dispel any perceived conflicts of interest.
Silvio Berlusconi is an Italian media mogul and former Prime Minister of Italy who owns the largest broadcasting company in that country, Mediaset.

Media proprietor

media mogulpress baronnewspaper proprietor
Silvio Berlusconi (, ; born 29 September 1936) is an Italian media tycoon and politician who has served as Prime Minister of Italy in four governments.

Propaganda Due

P2P2 masonic lodgePropaganda 2
In 1978, Berlusconi founded his first media group, Fininvest, and joined the Propaganda Due masonic lodge.
The lodge had among its members prominent journalists, members of parliament, industrialists, and military leaders—including Silvio Berlusconi, who later became Prime Minister of Italy; the Savoy pretender to the Italian throne Victor Emmanuel; and the heads of all three Italian intelligence services (at the time SISDE, SISMI and CESIS).

Member of the European Parliament

MEPMEPsMembers of the European Parliament
He serves as a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) since July 2019.
Several presidents, prime ministers or deputy prime ministers of member states are former MEPs, including former President of France Nicolas Sarkozy, former Deputy PM of the United Kingdom Nick Clegg, former Prime Minister of Italy Silvio Berlusconi, and Danish Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt, Belgian PM Elio Di Rupo.