Singapore

Republic of SingaporeSingapore CitySingaporeanSGPSingapore, SingaporeSGSingapuracountrySINSingapore-based
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign island city-state in Southeast Asia.wikipedia
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City-state

city statecity-statescity states
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign island city-state in Southeast Asia.
A great deal of consensus exists that the term properly applies currently to Monaco, Singapore, and Vatican City.

Founding of modern Singapore

Singaporefounding of Singaporefounded Singapore
Although its history stretches back millennia, modern Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles as a trading post of the British East India Company.
The establishment of a British trading post in Singapore in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles led to its founding as a British colony in 1824.

Indonesia

Republic of IndonesiaIndonesianIndonesian Republic
The country is situated one degree (137 km) north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north.
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Stamford Raffles

Sir Stamford RafflesRafflesThomas Stamford Raffles
Although its history stretches back millennia, modern Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles as a trading post of the British East India Company.
Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles, FRS (6 July 1781 – 5 July 1826) was a British statesman, Lieutenant-Governor of the Dutch East Indies (1811–1816) and Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen (1818–1824), best known for his founding of modern Singapore and the British Malaya.

History of the Republic of Singapore

Singapore's independenceindependenceSingapore's independence from Malaysia
After early years of turbulence and despite lacking natural resources and a hinterland, the nation developed rapidly as an Asian Tiger economy, based on external trade and its workforce.
The history of the Republic of Singapore began when Singapore left Malaysia and became an independent republic on 9 August 1965.

Singapore in Malaysia

Singaporemergermerger with Malaysia
Singapore gained independence from the British Empire in 1963 by joining Malaysia along with Sabah and Sarawak, but separated two years later over ideological differences, becoming a fully sovereign state in 1965.
Singapore was one of the 14 states of Malaysia from 1963 to 1965.

Southeast Asia

South East AsiaSouth-East AsiaSoutheast Asian
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign island city-state in Southeast Asia.

List of islands of Singapore

62 other islets63 islandsartificial island in Sentosa Cove
Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets.
Massive land reclamation work over the past centuries has removed many of Singapore's natural islands and islets and has created a few new ones.

Riau Islands

Riau Islands ProvinceKepulauan RiauRiau
The country is situated one degree (137 km) north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north.
The province is located on one of the world's busiest shipping lanes, sharing water borders with Singapore, Malaysia, and Vietnam.

Languages of Singapore

four official languagesofficial languagesofficial languages of Singapore
There are four official languages of Singapore: English, Malay, Mandarin Chinese, and Tamil; most Singaporeans are bilingual, with English serving as the nation's lingua franca, while Malay is the national language.
According to Constitution of Singapore, the national language of Singapore is Malay, which plays a symbolic role, as Malays are constitutionally recognized as the indigenous peoples of Singapore, and it is the government's duty to protect their language and heritage.

Education in Singapore

junior collegeHenry Park Primary Schooleducation
Singapore is placed highly in key social indicators: education, healthcare, quality of life, personal safety and housing, with a home-ownership rate of 90%.
Non-citizens bear significantly higher costs of educating their children in Singapore government and government-aided schools.

Peninsular Malaysia

West MalaysiaMalayaPeninsula Malaysia
The country is situated one degree (137 km) north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north.
It shares a land border with Thailand to the north and Singapore at the southernmost tip.

Singapore Island

Pulau Ujongmain island of Singaporemain island
Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets.
Pulau Ujong (Malay: literally 'island at the end'), also known as Singapore Island or Mainland Singapore, is the main constituent island of Singapore.

Tamil language

TamilTamil-languageta
There are four official languages of Singapore: English, Malay, Mandarin Chinese, and Tamil; most Singaporeans are bilingual, with English serving as the nation's lingua franca, while Malay is the national language.
Tamil is an official language in three countries: India, Sri Lanka and Singapore.

Straits Settlements

Straits SettlementStrait SettlementsStraits
After the Company's collapse in 1858, the islands came under direct British control as a crown colony known as the Straits Settlements.
The Straits Settlements originally consisted of the four individual settlements of Penang, Singapore, Malacca, and Dinding.

Race in Singapore

Ethnic Integration Policyminority racesnational policies
Multiracialism has been enshrined in its constitution since independence, and continues to shape national policies in education, housing and politics.
The concept of race or ethnicity in contemporary Singapore emerged from British colonial attitudes towards race.

Sentosa

Sentosa IslandBlakang MatiPalawan Beach
There are also numerous famous attractions within the city-state, notably Gardens by the Bay, Marina Bay Sands, Sentosa Island, Orchard Road, Jewel Changi Airport and the Singapore Zoo, which was ranked the best zoo in Asia.
Sentosa Island, also known as Sentosa, is an island located at the Central Region, Singapore.

Orchard Road

OrchardOrchard Planning AreaOrchard Point
There are also numerous famous attractions within the city-state, notably Gardens by the Bay, Marina Bay Sands, Sentosa Island, Orchard Road, Jewel Changi Airport and the Singapore Zoo, which was ranked the best zoo in Asia.
Orchard Road is a 2.2 kilometre-long major road in the Central Area of Singapore.

Downtown Core

central business districtDowntownSingapore
The city-state's historical district features dozens of landmarks such as The Esplanade, Fort Canning Hill, the National Gallery Singapore, Raffles Hotel and the Buddha Tooth Relic Temple.
The Downtown Core (, Pusat Bandar, டவுன்டவுன் கோர்) is the historical and downtown centre of the city-state of Singapore and the main commercial area in Singapore excluding reclaimed lands with many integrated resorts such as the Marina Bay Sands, one of the most expensive buildings in the world, with the most expensive standalone casino at Bayfront Avenue.

Singapore passport

SingaporeSingaporean passportnational passport
As of 2019, Singaporean citizens had visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 189 countries and territories, ranking the Singaporean passport 1st in the world, tied with Japan.
The Singapore passport is a travel document and passport issued to citizens and nationals of the Republic of Singapore.

Standard Chinese

MandarinChineseMandarin Chinese
There are four official languages of Singapore: English, Malay, Mandarin Chinese, and Tamil; most Singaporeans are bilingual, with English serving as the nation's lingua franca, while Malay is the national language.
Standard Singaporean Mandarin is one of the four official languages of Singapore.

Singapore Botanic Gardens

Botanic GardensBotanic Gardens, SingaporeBotanic Garden
The Singapore Botanic Gardens is the only tropical garden in the world to be honoured as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Singapore Botanic Gardens is a 0-year-old tropical garden located at the fringe of Singapore's Orchard Road shopping district.

Marina Bay Sands

Grand TheatreMarina Bay Sands CasinoMarina Bay Sands Singapore
There are also numerous famous attractions within the city-state, notably Gardens by the Bay, Marina Bay Sands, Sentosa Island, Orchard Road, Jewel Changi Airport and the Singapore Zoo, which was ranked the best zoo in Asia.
Marina Bay Sands is an integrated resort fronting Marina Bay in Singapore, owned by the Las Vegas Sands corporation.

Malay Peninsula

MalayaThai-Malay PeninsulaMalayan Peninsula
The country is situated one degree (137 km) north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north.
The area contains Peninsular Malaysia, Southern Thailand, and the southernmost tip of Myanmar (Kawthaung) as well as the city state Singapore, indigenous to or historically inhabited by the Malays, an Austronesian people.

National Gallery Singapore

National Art GalleryNational GalleryNational Gallery Of Singapore
The city-state's historical district features dozens of landmarks such as The Esplanade, Fort Canning Hill, the National Gallery Singapore, Raffles Hotel and the Buddha Tooth Relic Temple.
The National Gallery Singapore is an art museum located in the Downtown Core of Singapore.