Singapore

🇸🇬Republic of SingaporeSingaporeanSingapore CitySGPSGSingapuracountrySINCity of Singapore
{{Infobox country * conventional_long_name = Republic of Singapore * common_name = Singapore * native_name = Native names of Singaporewikipedia
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Majulah Singapura

national anthemNational Anthem of SingaporeSingapore's National Anthem
| national_anthem = Majulah Singapura
Majulah Singapura (Onward Singapore; ; முன்னேறட்டும் சிங்கப்பூர்) is the national anthem of Singapore.

Tamil language

TamilTamil-languageta
Singapore ({{IPAc-en|audio=En-us-Singapore.ogg|ˈ|s|ɪ|ŋ|(|g|)|ə|p|ɔːr}}), officially the Republic of Singapore (Malay: {{Native name|ms|Republik Singapura|paren=omit}}; Chinese: {{Native name|zh|新加坡共和国|italics=off|paren=omit}}; Tamil: {{Native name|ta|சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு|italics=off|paren=omit}}), is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia. There are four official languages: English, Malay, Mandarin Chinese, and Tamil; most Singaporeans are bilingual and English serves as the nation's lingua franca.
Tamil is an official language of two countries: Sri Lanka and Singapore and official language of the Indian state Tamil Nadu.

City-state

city statecity-statescity states
Singapore ({{IPAc-en|audio=En-us-Singapore.ogg|ˈ|s|ɪ|ŋ|(|g|)|ə|p|ɔːr}}), officially the Republic of Singapore (Malay: {{Native name|ms|Republik Singapura|paren=omit}}; Chinese: {{Native name|zh|新加坡共和国|italics=off|paren=omit}}; Tamil: {{Native name|ta|சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு|italics=off|paren=omit}}), is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia. capital = Singapore (city-state)
A great deal of consensus exists that the term properly applies currently to Singapore, Monaco, and Vatican City.

Indonesia

🇮🇩IndonesianRepublic of Indonesia
It lies one degree ({{Convert|137|km|disp=or}}) north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north.
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Stamford Raffles

RafflesSir Stamford RafflesSir Thomas Stamford Raffles
Stamford Raffles founded colonial Singapore in 1819 as a trading post of the British East India Company.
Sir Thomas Bingley Stamford Raffles, FRS (6 July 1781 – 5 July 1826) was a British statesman, Lieutenant-Governor of the Dutch East Indies (1811–1816) and Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen (1818–1824), best known for his founding of Singapore and the British Malaya.

List of islands of Singapore

62 other islets63 islandsartificial island in Sentosa Cove
Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets.
Massive land reclamation work over the past centuries has removed many of Singapore's natural islands and islets and has created a few new ones.

History of the Republic of Singapore

Singapore's independenceindependenceSingapore's independence from Malaysia
After early years of turbulence and despite lacking natural resources and a hinterland, the nation developed rapidly as an Asian Tiger economy, based on external trade and its workforce.
The history of the Republic of Singapore began when Singapore became an independent republic following an ejection from Malaysia on 9 August 1965.

Riau Islands

RiauRiau Islands ProvinceRiau archipelago
It lies one degree ({{Convert|137|km|disp=or}}) north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north.
The province is located on one of the world's busiest shipping lanes, sharing water borders with Singapore, Malaysia, and Vietnam.

Singapore in Malaysia

Singaporemergermerger with Malaysia
established_event2 = Singapore in Malaysia
Singapore was one of the 14 states of Malaysia from 1963 to 1965.

Founding of modern Singapore

founding of SingaporeSingapore6 February 1819
Stamford Raffles founded colonial Singapore in 1819 as a trading post of the British East India Company.
This event has generally been understood to mark the founding of colonial Singapore, a break from its status as a port in ancient times during the Srivijaya and Majapahit eras, and later, as part of Melaka and Johor.

Education in Singapore

junior collegeeducationSingapore
It is placed highly in key social indicators: education, healthcare, life expectancy, quality of life, personal safety and housing.
Education in Singapore is managed by the Ministry of Education (MOE), which controls the development and administration of state schools receiving taxpayers' funding, but also has an advisory and supervisory role in respect of private schools.

International rankings of Singapore

numerous international rankings
The city ranks highly in numerous international rankings, and has been recognised as the most "technology-ready" nation (WEF), top International-meetings city (UIA), city with "best investment potential" (BERI), world's smartest city, world's safest country, second-most competitive country, third-largest foreign exchange market, third-largest financial centre, third-largest oil refining and trading centre, fifth-most innovative country, and the second-busiest container port.
The following are some international rankings of Singapore.

Port of Singapore

SingaporeSingapore HarbourSingapore's port
Globally, the Port of Singapore and Changi Airport have held the titles of leading "Maritime Capital" and "Best Airport" respectively for consecutive years, while Singapore Airlines is the 2018 "World's Best Airline".
The Port of Singapore refers to the collective facilities and terminals that conduct maritime trade, and which handle Singapore's harbours and shipping.

British Raj

British IndiaIndiaBritish rule
After the company's collapse in 1858, the islands were ceded to the British Raj as a crown colony.
In addition, at various times, it included Aden (from 1858 to 1937), Lower Burma (from 1858 to 1937), Upper Burma (from 1886 to 1937), British Somaliland (briefly from 1884 to 1898), and Singapore (briefly from 1858 to 1867).

Singapore Airlines

SIASingaporeSingapore Airline
Globally, the Port of Singapore and Changi Airport have held the titles of leading "Maritime Capital" and "Best Airport" respectively for consecutive years, while Singapore Airlines is the 2018 "World's Best Airline".
Singapore Airlines Limited (SIA; ) is the flag carrier airline of Singapore with its hub at Singapore Changi Airport.

Languages of Singapore

four official languagesofficial languages4
There are four official languages: English, Malay, Mandarin Chinese, and Tamil; most Singaporeans are bilingual and English serves as the nation's lingua franca.
According to the Constitution of Singapore, the single national language of Singapore is Malay, which plays a symbolic role, as Malays are constitutionally recognized as the indigenous peoples of Singapore, and it is the government's duty to protect their language and heritage.

Singapore Island

main island of Singaporemainland Singaporemain island
Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets.
Pulau Ujong (Malay: literally 'island at the end'), also known as Singapore Island or Mainland Singapore, is the main constituent island of Singapore.

Peninsular Malaysia

MalayaWest MalaysiaPeninsular
It lies one degree ({{Convert|137|km|disp=or}}) north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north.
To the south is the island of Singapore.

Smart city

smart citiesdigital cityintelligent cities
The city ranks highly in numerous international rankings, and has been recognised as the most "technology-ready" nation (WEF), top International-meetings city (UIA), city with "best investment potential" (BERI), world's smartest city, world's safest country, second-most competitive country, third-largest foreign exchange market, third-largest financial centre, third-largest oil refining and trading centre, fifth-most innovative country, and the second-busiest container port.
The EU has developed a range of programmes under 'Europe's Digital Agenda". In 2010, it highlighted its focus on strengthening innovation and investment in ICT services for the purpose of improving public services and quality of life. Arup estimates that the global market for smart urban services will be $400 billion per annum by 2020. Examples of Smart City technologies and programs have been implemented in Singapore, Dubai, Milton Keynes, Southampton, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Madrid, Stockholm, China and New York.

Standard Chinese

MandarinChineseMandarin Chinese
There are four official languages: English, Malay, Mandarin Chinese, and Tamil; most Singaporeans are bilingual and English serves as the nation's lingua franca.
Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, Modern Standard Mandarin Chinese (MSMC), or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of China, the de facto official language of Taiwan and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.

Race in Singapore

Ethnic Integration Policyminority racesnational policies
Multiracialism has been enshrined in its constitution since independence, and continues to shape national policies in education, housing, politics, among others.
The concept of race or ethnicity in contemporary Singapore emerged from British colonial attitudes towards race.

Singapore passport

Singaporenational passportliberal passport access
The Singaporean passport is second in the world after Japan for visa-free travel granted by the most countries to its citizens.
The Singapore passport is a travel document issued to the citizens of the Republic of Singapore.

Malay Peninsula

MalayaMalayMalayan
It lies one degree ({{Convert|137|km|disp=or}}) north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north.
The area contains Peninsular Malaysia, Southern Thailand, and the southernmost tip of Myanmar (Kawthaung) as well as the city state Singapore, indigenous to or historically inhabited by the Malays, an Austronesian people.

People's Action Party

PAPPeople's Action Party (PAP)PAP government
The People's Action Party has won every election since self-government began in 1959.
The People's Action Party (Malay: Parti Tindakan Rakyat, abbreviation: PAP/PETIR) is a major centre-right political party in Singapore.

Pacific Economic Cooperation Council

PECCChina National Committee for Pacific Economic CooperationChina National Committee for the Pacific Economic Cooperation
As one of the five founding members of ASEAN, Singapore is the host of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Secretariat and Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC) Secretariat, as well as many international conferences and events.
The Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC) is a network of member committees composed of individuals and institutions dedicated to promoting cooperation across the Asia Pacific region, headquartered in Singapore.