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Record sales

album salesMusic Salespure album sales
This can be released for sale to the public in a variety of different formats.
Record sales, alternatively called music recording sales, are activities related to selling albums, singles, or music videos through record shops or online music store.

Extended play

EPEPsextended plays
Any more than three tracks on a musical release or thirty minutes in total running time is either an extended play (EP) or, if over six tracks long, an album.
An extended play record, often referred to as an EP, is a musical recording that contains more tracks than a single, but is usually unqualified as an album or LP.

A-side and B-side

B-sidedouble A-sideB-sides
That is to say, they were released with an A-side and B-side, on which two singles would be released, one on each side.
The terms A-side and B-side refer to the two sides of 78, 45, and 331⁄3 rpm phonograph records, or cassettes, whether singles, extended plays (EPs), or long-playing (LP) records.

Sound recording and reproduction

recordingrecordedrecordings
In the music industry, a single is a type of release, typically a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record or an album.
The short-playing but convenient 7 in 45 rpm microgroove vinyl single was introduced by RCA Victor in 1949.

Promotional recording

promotional singlePromo singlepromo
Typically, these are the songs from albums that are released separately for promotional uses such as digital download or commercial radio airplay and are expected to be the most popular.
A promotional single is a single that is made available to radio stations, nightclubs, music publications, and other media outlets by a record label to promote a commercial single or album.

Phonograph

turntablesgramophoneturntable
The relatively crude disc-cutting techniques of the time and the thickness of the needles used on record players limited the number of grooves per inch that could be inscribed on the disc surface, and a high rotation speed was necessary to achieve acceptable recording and playback fidelity.
After the introduction of the softer vinyl records, 33 1⁄3-rpm LPs (long-playing records) and 45-rpm "single" or two-song records, and EPs (extended-play recordings), the common name became "record player" or "turntable".

Duran Duran

Sphere StudiosWes WehmillerDuran
In September 1997, with the release of Duran Duran's "Electric Barbarella" for paid downloads, Capitol Records became the first major label to sell a digital single from a well-known artist.
They achieved 14 singles in the top 10 of the UK Singles Chart and 21 in the US Billboard Hot 100, and have sold over 100 million records worldwide.

LP record

LPLP albumvinyl
In the music industry, a single is a type of release, typically a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record or an album.
Despite these efforts, the 45 succeeded only in replacing the 78 as the format for singles.

Album

studio albumlive albumtribute album
In the music industry, a single is a type of release, typically a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record or an album.
The term is particularly associated with popular music where separate tracks are known as album tracks; the term is also used for other formats such as EPs and singles.

UK Singles Chart

UKUK SinglesOfficial Charts Company
Recognizing this, On 17 April 2005, Official UK Singles Chart added the download format to the existing format of physical CD singles.
To be eligible for the chart, a single is currently defined by the Official Charts Company (OCC) as either a 'single bundle' having no more than four tracks and not lasting longer than 25 minutes or one digital audio track not longer than 15 minutes with a minimum sale price of 40 pence.

Art release

theatrical releasereleasedrelease
In the music industry, a single is a type of release, typically a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record or an album.
The word can also refer to the event at which an album or single is first offered for sale in record stores.

Cassette single

cassetteCassingleaudio cassette
Singles have been issued in various formats, including 7 in, 10-inch, and 12-inch discs, usually playing at 45 rpm; 10-inch shellac discs, playing at 78 rpm; 7-inch plastic flexi discs; cassettes; and 8 or CD singles.
A cassette single (CS, also known by the trademark "Cassingle" or capitalized as the trademark "Cassette Single") is a music single in the form of a Compact Cassette.

Gnarls Barkley

Gnarles Barkley
Gnarls Barkley was the first act to reach No.1 on this chart through downloads alone in April 2006, for their debut single "Crazy", which was released physically the following week.
"Crazy" was released as their first single on April 3, 2006, preceded by its release as digital download and 12" vinyl record single in March 2006. It gained some of its popularity due to its use on primetime BBC Radio 1 DJ Zane Lowe's television advert, and it was also made Record of the Week by Ken Bruce of BBC Radio 2, Scott Mills and Jo Whiley of BBC Radio 1 as well as being made 'Weekend Anthem' by DJ Spoony and Sara Cox (also of Radio 1).

CD single

CDphysicalCDS
Singles have been issued in various formats, including 7 in, 10-inch, and 12-inch discs, usually playing at 45 rpm; 10-inch shellac discs, playing at 78 rpm; 7-inch plastic flexi discs; cassettes; and 8 or CD singles.
A CD single (sometimes abbreviated to CDS) is a music single in the form of a compact disc.

Record chart

chartchartshit
The sales of singles are recorded in record charts in most countries in a Top 40 format.
Until 1998, any songs placed on the chart had to be physically available as a single.

Like a Rolling Stone

Bob DylanRolling Stone
The breakthrough came with Bob Dylan's "Like a Rolling Stone": Although CBS tried to make the record more "radio-friendly" by cutting the performance into halves and separating them between the two sides of the vinyl disc, both Dylan and his fans demanded that the full six-minute take be placed on one side, and that radio stations play the song in its entirety.

Gaon Digital Chart

KORGaonGaon Singles Chart
The Gaon Digital Chart, which tracks downloads and streams, is regarded as the official "singles" chart.
The Gaon Digital Chart is the music industry standard record chart in South Korea for singles, provided by the Korea Music Content Industry Association and published weekly by the Gaon Music Chart.

M (Big Bang single album)

MM (MADE Series #1)
To give an example of the differences between full-length albums, single albums, and singles: the K-pop boy band Big Bang has a full-length studio album, titled MADE, which was originally released as a series of four single albums: M, A, D, and E.
M is the fourth single album by South Korean band Big Bang, and the first from their Made Series.

List of best-selling singles

best-selling singles of all timebest-selling singlesbest-selling singles worldwide
This article is a compendium of the best-selling music singles.

Lead single

leadfirst singleleading single
A lead single is the first single to be released from a studio album, by a musician or a band, usually before the album itself is released.

Napster

Napster LiveFleemsterMP3 sharing
This in turn encouraged interest in file sharing software on the internet like Napster for single recordings initially which began to seriously undercut the music recording market.
In 2000, Madonna's single "Music" was leaked out onto the web and Napster prior to its commercial release, causing widespread media coverage.

LaserDisc

LDlaser discLaserVision
Other, less common, formats include singles on Digital Compact Cassette, DVD, and Laserdisc, as well as many non-standard sizes of vinyl disc (5 in, 8 in, etc.).
There were also 12 cm (CD size) "single"-style discs produced that were playable on LaserDisc players.

Gotta Go (Chungha song)

Gotta GoXIIGotta Go" (Chungha song)
The single "Gotta Go" by Chungha was released on a single album titled XII, which was a one-track CD.
"Gotta Go" was released digitally and physically on January 2, 2019; the physical edition is a single album titled XII.

Phonograph record

vinyl7LP
The breakthrough came with Bob Dylan's "Like a Rolling Stone": Although CBS tried to make the record more "radio-friendly" by cutting the performance into halves and separating them between the two sides of the vinyl disc, both Dylan and his fans demanded that the full six-minute take be placed on one side, and that radio stations play the song in its entirety. These were then superseded by phonograph records, which initially also had a short duration of playing time per side.
Both the microgroove LP 33 1⁄3 rpm record and the 45 rpm single records are made from vinyl plastic that is flexible and unbreakable in normal use, even when they are sent through the mail with care from one place to another.

Concept album

conceptconcept albumsconcept record
Starting in the mid-sixties, albums became a greater focus and more important as artists created albums of uniformly high quality and coherent themes, a trend which reached its apex in the development of the concept album.
With the emergence of MTV as a music video network which valued singles over albums, concept albums became less dominant in the 1980s.