Sir Isumbras

The painting Sir Isumbras at the Ford by the nineteenth century Victorian painter John Everett Millais. painted in 1857.

Medieval metrical romance written in Middle English and found in no fewer than nine manuscripts dating to the fifteenth century.

- Sir Isumbras
The painting Sir Isumbras at the Ford by the nineteenth century Victorian painter John Everett Millais. painted in 1857.

15 related topics

Relevance

Greek Orthodox icon of St. Eustathios

Saint Eustace

Revered as a Christian martyr.

Revered as a Christian martyr.

Greek Orthodox icon of St. Eustathios
In an unusually early image, Eustace accompanies Saint George on a 10th-century Byzantine ivory Harbaville Triptych (Louvre Museum).
Medieval Reliquary of St. Eustace from the cathedral at Basel, Switzerland, now in the British Museum.
Anon. (France), Untitled (St. Eustace), 19th century, woodcut, Department of Image Collections, National Gallery of Art Library, Washington, DC
Saint Eustace, from a 13th-century English manuscript.
On a wing of the Paumgartner altarpiece, Albrecht Dürer painted Lukas Paumgartner with the banner of his patron, St. Eustace, in the contemporary armor of a Landsknecht.
Saint Eustachius, an engraving by Albrecht Dürer, ca. 1501. As in the Pisanello above, he kneels before a stag with a cross in its antlers, surrounded by dogs, including greyhounds.
Saint Eustace icon, an example of the Cretan School.
Francesco Ferdinandi, The Martyrdom of St. Eustace. Located behind the main altar at the Church of Sant'Eustachio, Rome, this painting follows the narrative in the Golden Legend: For refusing to sacrifice to the gods, St. Eustace and his wife and sons are to be enclosed in a Brazen bull which will be heated until they die.
The stag-and-cross symbol of St. Eustace sits atop his church in Rome.
The Hunting Gonfalon, 18th C., Ukraine

Except for an exemplum in Gesta Romanorum, all such tales are highly developed romances, such as Sir Isumbras.

Gesta Romanorum

Latin collection of anecdotes and tales that was probably compiled about the end of the 13th century or the beginning of the 14th.

Latin collection of anecdotes and tales that was probably compiled about the end of the 13th century or the beginning of the 14th.

a retelling of the Man Tried by Fate, a story also known in the legends of Saint Eustace and chivalric romances such as Sir Isumbras.

A griffin appeared above the rock where the boat had come ashore, and carried Christabel's baby off to a distant land.

Sir Eglamour of Artois

Middle English verse romance that was written sometime around 1350.

Middle English verse romance that was written sometime around 1350.

A griffin appeared above the rock where the boat had come ashore, and carried Christabel's baby off to a distant land.

Lincoln Cathedral MS 91, produced by Robert Thornton, preserves the Arthurian romance Sir Perceval of Galles and the popular romance Sir Isumbras.

The Cross of Mathilde, a crux gemmata made for Mathilde, Abbess of Essen (973–1011), who is shown kneeling before the Virgin and Child in the enamel plaque. The figure of Christ is slightly later. Probably made in Cologne or Essen, the cross demonstrates several medieval techniques: cast figurative sculpture, filigree, enamelling, gem polishing and setting, and the reuse of Classical cameos and engraved gems.

Lincoln Thornton Manuscript

Medieval manuscript compiled and copied by the fifteenth-century English scribe and landowner Robert Thornton, MS 91 in the library of Lincoln Cathedral.

Medieval manuscript compiled and copied by the fifteenth-century English scribe and landowner Robert Thornton, MS 91 in the library of Lincoln Cathedral.

The Cross of Mathilde, a crux gemmata made for Mathilde, Abbess of Essen (973–1011), who is shown kneeling before the Virgin and Child in the enamel plaque. The figure of Christ is slightly later. Probably made in Cologne or Essen, the cross demonstrates several medieval techniques: cast figurative sculpture, filigree, enamelling, gem polishing and setting, and the reuse of Classical cameos and engraved gems.

The Romance of Sir Ysambrace

A page from British Library MS Cotton Caligula A.ii, in which Middle English tales of Libeaus Desconus, Sir Launfal and Saint Patrick's Purgatory are also found

Octavian (romance)

14th-century Middle English verse translation and abridgement of a mid-13th century Old French romance of the same name.

14th-century Middle English verse translation and abridgement of a mid-13th century Old French romance of the same name.

A page from British Library MS Cotton Caligula A.ii, in which Middle English tales of Libeaus Desconus, Sir Launfal and Saint Patrick's Purgatory are also found

Sir Isumbras's three sons are snatched away by a lion, a leopard and a unicorn and with the departure of his wife as well, he is left all alone.

A Dream of the Past: Sir Isumbras at the Ford

Painting by John Everett Millais depicting a medieval knight helping two young peasant children over a swollen river.

Painting by John Everett Millais depicting a medieval knight helping two young peasant children over a swollen river.

The Knight, Death and the Devil
A Nightmare by Frederic Sandys, satirising the painting. Rossetti is caricatured as the child on the left and Holman Hunt as the child on the right. Millais is the knight
Autograph copy made before adjusting the size of the horse and adding medieval trappings in 1887 for the then owner, Robert Henry Benson
Parade armour for Philip II of Spain that inspired the change to the reins<ref>Christie's sale record for the copy</ref>

Though the title refers to the medieval poem Sir Isumbras, the painting does not illustrate a scene from the original text.

1865 illustration of Hop-o'-My-Thumb and the ogre by Alexander Zick

The Slave Mother

Italian fairy tale, collected by Italo Calvino in Italian Folktales, from Terra d'Ortano.

Italian fairy tale, collected by Italo Calvino in Italian Folktales, from Terra d'Ortano.

1865 illustration of Hop-o'-My-Thumb and the ogre by Alexander Zick

The choice of destiny features in the fairy tale "Catherine and her Destiny" and also such chivalric romances as Sir Isumbras.

1865 illustration of Hop-o'-My-Thumb and the ogre by Alexander Zick

Catherine and Her Destiny

Italian fairy tale collected by Thomas Frederick Crane in Italian Popular Tales, and included by Andrew Lang in The Pink Fairy Book.

Italian fairy tale collected by Thomas Frederick Crane in Italian Popular Tales, and included by Andrew Lang in The Pink Fairy Book.

1865 illustration of Hop-o'-My-Thumb and the ogre by Alexander Zick

The choice of destiny features in the fairy tale The Slave Mother and also such chivalric romances as Sir Isumbras.

Detail of King Æthelstan (whose life Athelston may be based on) from a stained-glass window at the chapel of All Souls College, Oxford

Athelston

Anonymous Middle English verse romance in 812 lines, dating from the mid or late 14th century.

Anonymous Middle English verse romance in 812 lines, dating from the mid or late 14th century.

Detail of King Æthelstan (whose life Athelston may be based on) from a stained-glass window at the chapel of All Souls College, Oxford

The poem survives in only one manuscript, the early 15th century Gonville and Caius MS 175, which also includes the romances Richard Coer de Lyon, Sir Isumbras and Beves of Hamtoun.

Jonathan Swift

1530 in poetry

Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).

Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).

Jonathan Swift

Anonymous, Sir Isumbras, publication year uncertain, a romance of separation and reunion of family members, based on the Saint Eustace legend; composed in tail-rhyme in the early 14th century