Sisal

Agave sisalanaA. sisalanaCactus SisalLargest sisal producerSisal global production and trade patternssisal hempsisal plantssisal rug
Sisal, with the botanical name Agave sisalana, is a species of Agave native to southern Mexico but widely cultivated and naturalized in many other countries.wikipedia
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Fiber

fibrefibersfibrous
It yields a stiff fibre used in making various products.

Plantation

plantationscotton plantationsugar plantation
The Yucatán plantations now cultivate henequen (Agave fourcroydes).
coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar cane, sisal, oil seeds, oil palms, fruits, rubber trees, and forest trees.

Darts

dartdartboarddart board
The sisal fibre is traditionally used for rope and twine, and has many other uses, including paper, cloth, footwear, hats, bags, carpets, and dartboards.
Small bundles of sisal fibres of the same length were bundled together.

Twine

stringbinder twineat Ki
The sisal fibre is traditionally used for rope and twine, and has many other uses, including paper, cloth, footwear, hats, bags, carpets, and dartboards.
Natural fibres used for making twine include, wool, cotton, sisal, jute, hemp, henequen, and coir.

Textile

textilesfabriccloth
The sisal fibre is traditionally used for rope and twine, and has many other uses, including paper, cloth, footwear, hats, bags, carpets, and dartboards.
Grass, rush, hemp, and sisal are all used in making rope.

Sisal, Yucatán

SisalSisal, Yucatan
They were originally shipped from the Spanish colonial port of Sisal in Yucatán (thus the name).
It lent its name to the agave-derived sisal fiber which was shipped through it.

Agave

magueyagavesProchnyanthes
Sisal, with the botanical name Agave sisalana, is a species of Agave native to southern Mexico but widely cultivated and naturalized in many other countries.
The leaves of several species also yield fiber, for instance, Agave sisalana, the sisal hemp, and Agave decipiens, the false sisal hemp.

Baling twine

baler twine
Traditionally, sisal has been the leading material for agricultural twine (binder twine and baler twine) because of its strength, durability, ability to stretch, affinity for certain dyestuffs, and resistance to deterioration in saltwater.
Baling twine or baler twine is a small diameter sisal or synthetic twine used to bind a quantity of fibrous material (notably hay or straw) into a more compact and easily stacked form.

Brazil

BRABrasilBrazilian
In the 19th century, sisal cultivation spread to Florida, the Caribbean islands, and Brazil (Paraiba and Bahia), as well as to countries in Africa, notably Tanzania and Kenya, and Asia.
Brazil is one of the largest producer of oranges, coffee, sugar cane, cassava and sisal, soybeans and papayas.

Sisal production in Tanzania

Tanzania
Tanzania produced approximately 34,875 tons, Kenya produced 28,000 tonnes, Madagascar 18,950 tonnes and 16,500 tonnes were produced in China (mainland).
The plant Agave sisalana was smuggled into Tanganyika from Yucatán, Mexico in the belly of a stuffed crocodile.

Kenya

KenyanRepublic of KenyaKEN
In the 19th century, sisal cultivation spread to Florida, the Caribbean islands, and Brazil (Paraiba and Bahia), as well as to countries in Africa, notably Tanzania and Kenya, and Asia. Tanzania produced approximately 34,875 tons, Kenya produced 28,000 tonnes, Madagascar 18,950 tonnes and 16,500 tonnes were produced in China (mainland).
Coconuts, pineapples, cashew nuts, cotton, sugarcane, sisal, and corn are grown in the lower-lying areas.

Rope

cordagecordropemaker
The sisal fibre is traditionally used for rope and twine, and has many other uses, including paper, cloth, footwear, hats, bags, carpets, and dartboards.
Common natural fibres for rope are manila hemp, hemp, linen, cotton, coir, jute, straw, and sisal.

Fernando Heydrich

Fernando Heydrich Klein
In Cuba its cultivation was introduced in 1880, by Fernando Heydrich in Matanzas.
Heydrich was one of the first producers of Sisal on the island.

Agave fourcroydes

henequenHenequinHenequén
The Yucatán plantations now cultivate henequen (Agave fourcroydes).
The leaves of Agave fourcroydes yield a fiber also called henequen, which is suitable for rope and twine but not of as high a quality as sisal.

Angola

Republic of AngolaAngolanAO
Venezuela contributed 4,826 tons with smaller amounts coming from Morocco, South Africa, Mozambique, and Angola.
Before independence in 1975, Angola was a breadbasket of southern Africa and a major exporter of bananas, coffee and sisal, but three decades of civil war (1975–2002) destroyed fertile countryside, left it littered with landmines and drove millions into the cities.

International Year of Natural Fibres

International Year of Natural Fibres 2009
As one of the world's important natural fibres, sisal was included in the scope of the International Year of Natural Fibres, 2009.

Hemp

industrial hemphemp seedhemp rope
It is sometimes referred to as "sisal hemp", because for centuries hemp was a major source for fibre, and other fibre sources were named after it.

Paper

sheetpaper manufacturingpaper making
The sisal fibre is traditionally used for rope and twine, and has many other uses, including paper, cloth, footwear, hats, bags, carpets, and dartboards.

Footwear

fashion footwearApparel/Footwear Retaildesigner
The sisal fibre is traditionally used for rope and twine, and has many other uses, including paper, cloth, footwear, hats, bags, carpets, and dartboards.

Hat

brimmillineryhats
The sisal fibre is traditionally used for rope and twine, and has many other uses, including paper, cloth, footwear, hats, bags, carpets, and dartboards.

Bag

bagspouchsack
The sisal fibre is traditionally used for rope and twine, and has many other uses, including paper, cloth, footwear, hats, bags, carpets, and dartboards.

Carpet

carpetsrugrugs
The sisal fibre is traditionally used for rope and twine, and has many other uses, including paper, cloth, footwear, hats, bags, carpets, and dartboards.

Native plant

nativenative plantsindigenous
The native origin of Agave sisalana is uncertain.

Yucatán Peninsula

Yucatan PeninsulaYucatánMaya Lowlands
Traditionally it was deemed to be a native of the Yucatán Peninsula, but there are no records of botanical collections from there.

Howard Scott Gentry

GentryH. S. GentryH.S. Gentry
H.S. Gentry hypothesized a Chiapas origin, on the strength of traditional local usage.