sita in a temple in india
Sita in exile, lithograph by Raja Ravi Verma
The marriage of the four sons of Dasharatha with the four daughters of Siradhvaja and Kushadhvaja Janakas. Rama and Sita, Lakshmana and Urmila, Bharata and Mandavi and Shatrughna with Shrutakirti.
Ravana cuts off Jatayu's wing while abducting Sita
Sita with her two sons, Lava and Kusha
Sita returns to her mother, the Earth, as Sri Rama, her sons, and the sages watch in astonishment.
Rama seated with Sita, fanned by Lakshmana, while Hanuman pays his respects
Sita in the hermitage of Valmiki
Deities Sita (far right), Rama (center), Lakshmana (far left) and Hanuman (below, seated) at Bhaktivedanta Manor, Watford, England
Ravana kidnapping Sita riding winged giant, while the Jatayu on the left tried to help her. 9th century Prambanan bas-relief at the temple dedicated to Shiva at Prambanan temple complex, Java, Indonesia
Shinta wayang (puppetry) figures
Rama and Shinta in Wayang Wong performance near temple in Indonesia
Janaki Mandir of Janakpur, Nepal is a center of pilgrimage where the wedding of Sri Rama and Sita took place and is re-enacted yearly as Vivaha Panchami.
Seetha Amman Kovil, Nähe Nuwara Eliya, Sri Lanka.

Hindu goddess and the female protagonist of the Hindu epic, Ramayana.

- Sita

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Rakshasa (a demonic creature in Hindu mythology) king of the island of Lanka, and the chief antagonist of the Hindu epic Ramayana and its adaptations.

Sculpture of Ravana from the 18th century CE
Statue of Ravana at Koneswaram Hindu Temple, Sri Lanka
Ravananugraha theme
Queen Mandodari and the women of Lanka mourning the death of Ravana. Bas-relief of 9th century Prambanan temple, Java, Indonesia.
Ravana in Sanskrit drama of Kerala, India- Kutiyattam. Artist: Guru Nātyāchārya Māni Mādhava Chākyār.
Thotsakan (Ravana)'s sculpture as a guardian of Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand
Ravana with Hanuman in tholu bommalata, a shadow puppet tradition of Andhra Pradesh, India
A carnival of Ravana
An effigy of Ravana with burning sparklers on Dusshera. Dashehra Diwali Mela in Manchester, England, 2006.
Ravana on a brass chariot of Searsole Rajbari, West Bengal, India

He abducted Prince Rama's wife Sita and took her to his kingdom of Lanka, where he held her in the Ashok Vatika.


Method of marriage in which a woman chose a man as her husband from a group of suitors.

Damayanti's Svayamvara.
The Svayamvara of Panchala's princess, Draupadi

In the Hindu epic Ramayana, King Janaka proclaimed that Sita would be wed to the man who could lift and string the Shiva Dhanush (Shiva's bow), calling this feat vīrya śulka, meaning the cost to be paid by a suitor.


Celebrated as the harbinger-poet in Sanskrit literature.

Sage Valmiki composing the Ramayana
The youthful sage Narada at the white-bearded Valmiki's hermitage
Sita in Valmiki hermitage
Rama with Sita on the throne, their children Lava and Kusha on their laps. Behind the throne, Lakshmana, Bharata and Shatrughna stand. Hanuman bows to Rama before the throne. Valmiki to the left.

The Ramayana tells the story of a prince, Rama of the city of Ayodhya in the Kingdom of Kosala, whose wife Sita is abducted by Ravana, the demon-king (Rakshasa) of Lanka.


The younger brother of the god Rama and his aide in the Hindu epic Ramayana.

Lakshmana at Srivaikuntanathan Perumal temple
Birth of Four Sons of Dasharatha
Rama is often worshiped with Lakshmana (left) and Sita on his sides; Kalaram Temple, Nashik.
Rama portrayed as a vanavasi (forest dweller) in the forest with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana
Lakshamana cut Surpanakha's nose
Killing of Indrajit by Lakshmana

When Rama married Sita, Lakshmana married Sita's younger sister, Urmila.


Rakshasas (राक्षस, IAST: : Pali: rakkhaso) lit. 'preservers' are a race of usually malevolent demigods prominently featured in Hindu mythology.

Rakshasa as depicted in Yakshagana, an art form of Uttara Kannada. Artist: Krishna Hasyagar, Karki
Ravana the king of Lanka with ten heads, was the commander of Rakshasas.
Bhima (right) with Rakshasi wife Hidimbi and their son Ghatotkacha.
A bas-relief at Preah Khan in Cambodia depicts the Battle of Lanka between Rakshasas and monkeys.
Painting of Rakshasa as one of the Twelve Devas of the Vajrayana tradition. {{small|Japan, Heian period, 1127 CE.}}
Rakshasa as a single deity, depicted on a page from a folio describing deities from the Diamond Realm and Womb Realm. {{small|Japan, Heian period, 12th century.}}
Painting of Samantabhadra accompanied by the Ten Rākṣasīs. {{small|Japan, Kamakura period (1185-1333).}}

Ravana was the King of Lanka. He was the commander of the Rakshasas. He was the immortal enemy of Rama, the hero of the Ramayana. In the Mahabharata (Book III: Vana Parva, Section 271 ff.), the Sage Markandeya recounts the story of how Ravana kidnapped Rama's wife Sita and whisked her off to his stronghold Lanka. Rama, aided by the King Sugriva and his army of Vanaras, laid siege to Lanka, slew Ravana, and rescued Sita.

Kusha (Ramayana)

Kusha, one of the twin sons of Rama and Sita.
Valmiki trains Lava Kusha in Art of Archery
The Sage Valmiki, teaching Ramayana to Kusa and Lava

Kusha or Kusa or Kush (Sanskrit: कुश) and his twin brother Lava were the children of Rama and Sita.

Lava (Ramayana)

Lava, one of twin sons of Rama and Sita
Valmiki trains Lava and Kusha in the Art of Archery
The Sage Valmiki, teaching Ramayana to Lava and Kusa
Kusha and Lava recite Ramayana in Court of Rama

Lava (लव) and his twin brother Kusha, were the children of Rama and Sita.


Name given in Hindu epics to the island fortress capital of the legendary asura king Ravana in the epics of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.

The golden abode of King Ravana
Hanuman set fire to Lanka
Hanuman Watches Lanka Burn

Many of the references to Lanka in the Mahabharata are found in sage Markandeya's narration of the story of Rama and Sita to the king Yudhishthira, which narration amounts to a truncated version of the Ramayana.


State in eastern India.

(Sitting L to R): Rajendra Prasad and Anugrah Narayan Sinha during Mahatma Gandhi's 1917 Champaran Satyagraha
Kathak classical dance form, from Bhojpur region
Patna river port on national inland waterways-1 at Gai Ghat
Front view of administrative building of IIT Patna
NIT Patna main building

Sita, a daughter of one of the Janaks of Mithila is mentioned as the consort of Lord Rama, in the Hindu epic Ramayana, written by Valmiki.


Indian city and the district headquarters of the Sitamarhi district in the Mithila region of Bihar and is a part of the Tirhut Division.

A temple dedicated to Sita, the main subject of the epic Ramayana, is located at Punaura Dham Sitamarhi.