Slam dunk

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A slam dunk, also simply dunk, is a type of basketball shot that is performed when a player jumps in the air, controls the ball above the horizontal plane of the rim, and scores by putting the ball directly through the basket with one or both hands.wikipedia
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Basketball

basketball playerhigh school basketballmen's basketball
A slam dunk, also simply dunk, is a type of basketball shot that is performed when a player jumps in the air, controls the ball above the horizontal plane of the rim, and scores by putting the ball directly through the basket with one or both hands.
On offense, players may use a variety of shots—the lay-up, the jump shot, or a dunk; on defense, they may steal the ball from a dribbler, intercept passes, or block shots; either offense or defense may collect a rebound, that is, a missed shot that bounces from rim or backboard.

Chick Hearn

Francis D. "Chick" HearnFrancis Dayle "Chick" Hearna number of commonly used basketball terms
Such a shot was known as a "dunk shot" until the term "slam dunk" was coined by former Los Angeles Lakers announcer Chick Hearn.
Known primarily as the play-by-play announcer for the Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association, Hearn was remembered for his rapid fire, staccato broadcasting style, associated with colorful phrases such as slam dunk, air ball, and no harm, no foul that have become common basketball vernacular, and for broadcasting 3,338 consecutive Lakers games starting on November 21, 1965.

Slam Dunk Contest

NBA slam dunk contestslam dunk contestsdunk contest
Thus, the maneuver is often extracted from the basketball game and showcased in slam dunk contests such as the NBA Slam Dunk Contest held during the annual NBA All-Star Weekend. In the 1988 NBA Slam Dunk Contest, Michael Jordan dunked from the free-throw line, in the same manner as Julius Erving, but parted his legs making his dunk more revolutionary than Erving's. In the 1990 NBA Slam Dunk Contest, Scottie Pippen dunked from the free throw line.
The contest was inaugurated by the American Basketball Association (ABA) at its All-Star Game in 1976 in Denver, the same year the slam dunk was legalized in the NCAA.

Kareem Abdul-Jabbar

Lew AlcindorKareemKareem Abdul Jabbar
Many people have attributed this to the dominance of the then-college phenomenon Lew Alcindor (now known as Kareem Abdul-Jabbar); the no-dunking rule is sometimes referred to as the "Lew Alcindor rule."
By the eighth grade (age 13–14) he had grown to 6ft 8in tall and could already slam dunk a basketball on a regulation 10 ft hoop.

Julius Erving

Julius "Dr. J" ErvingDr. JJulius "Doctor J" Erving
Through the 1970s, the slam dunk was standard fare; David Thompson, Julius Erving, Darryl Dawkins, and others wowed crowds with high-flying moves. In the 1988 NBA Slam Dunk Contest, Michael Jordan dunked from the free-throw line, in the same manner as Julius Erving, but parted his legs making his dunk more revolutionary than Erving's.
He was well known for slam dunking from the free throw line in slam dunk contests and was the only player voted Most Valuable Player in both the ABA and the NBA.

Guy Lewis

Guy V. Lewis
Under head coach Guy Lewis, Houston (with Elvin Hayes) made considerable use of the "stuff" shot on their way to the Final Four in 1967.
His 1980s teams, nicknamed Phi Slama Jama for their slam dunks, were runners-up for the national championship in back-to-back seasons in 1983 and 1984.

Dominique Wilkins

WilkinsDominiqueJacques Dominique Wilkins
Dominique Wilkins popularized powerful windmills—in games as well as in contests—including two-handed, self-pass, 360°, rim-hang, and combined variants thereof.
Wilkins was a nine-time NBA All-Star, and is widely viewed as one of the best dunkers in NBA history, earning the nickname "The Human Highlight Film".

Backboard shattering

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In 1979, Darryl Dawkins twice shattered NBA backboards with tomahawk dunks leading to a quickly-enacted rule making it an offence to break the backboard.
It occurs when a player slam dunks the ball hard enough to break the 1/2" tempered safety glass of the backboard. The stunt has caused games to be canceled or delayed, serious injuries to occur and expensive costs of cleanup and replacement. Shattering a backboard is extremely dangerous, sending shards of glass flying over the players and fans. In the National Basketball Association (NBA), shattering a backboard during a game is penalized with a non-unsportsmanlike conduct technical foul and a possible fine towards the player. The player may not be ejected, nor shall the foul count towards a player's total towards either ejection or suspension.

Wilt Chamberlain

all-time NBA rebound leaderChamberlainChamberlain, Wilt
Still, by the late 1950s and early 1960s players such as Bill Russell and Wilt Chamberlain had incorporated the move into their offensive arsenal.
Reportedly, Chamberlain also broke Johnny Kerr's toe with a slam dunk.

Houston Cougars men's basketball

HoustonHouston CougarsUniversity of Houston
Under head coach Guy Lewis, Houston (with Elvin Hayes) made considerable use of the "stuff" shot on their way to the Final Four in 1967.
Lewis's insistence that these highly successful teams play an acrobatic, up-tempo brand of basketball that emphasized dunking brought this style of play to the fore and helped popularize it amongst younger players.

David Thompson (basketball)

David ThompsonDavid "The Skywalker" Thompson
Through the 1970s, the slam dunk was standard fare; David Thompson, Julius Erving, Darryl Dawkins, and others wowed crowds with high-flying moves.
Thompson played basketball while the slam dunk was outlawed by the "Lew Alcindor" rule.

Orlando Woolridge

O. Woolridge
The between-the-legs dunk was popularized by Isaiah Rider in the 1994 NBA slam dunk contest, so much so that the dunk is often colloquially referred to as a "Rider dunk" — notwithstanding Orlando Woolridge's own such dunk in the NBA contest a decade earlier.
He was known for his scoring ability, especially on slam dunks.

Breakaway rim

rim
Technology has evolved to adapt to the increased strength and weight of players to withstand the force of such dunks, such as the breakaway rim (introduced to the NBA in 1981) changes to the material used for the backboards, and strengthening of the goal standards themselves.
A breakaway rim is a basketball rim that contains a hinge and a spring at the point where it attaches to the backboard so that it can bend downward when a player dunks a basketball, and then quickly snaps back into a horizontal position when the player releases it. It allows players to dunk the ball without shattering the backboard, and it reduces the possibility of wrist injuries.

Bob Kurland

Bob "Foothills" Kurland
During the 1940s and 1950s, 7-foot center and Olympic gold medalist Bob Kurland was dunking regularly during games.
Kurland was also the first person to regularly dunk during games.

Michael Jordan

JordanMichael Jordan Motorsports Michael Jordan
In the 1988 NBA Slam Dunk Contest, Michael Jordan dunked from the free-throw line, in the same manner as Julius Erving, but parted his legs making his dunk more revolutionary than Erving's.
His leaping ability, demonstrated by performing slam dunks from the free throw line in Slam Dunk Contests, earned him the nicknames Air Jordan and His Airness. He also gained a reputation for being one of the best defensive players in basketball.

Blake Griffin

GriffinMortal Media
In the 2011 NBA contest, Los Angeles Clippers power-forward Blake Griffin completed a self-pass off of the backboard prior to elbow-hanging on the rim.
At the McDonald's All-American game in Louisville, Kentucky, he won the Powerade Jam Fest slam dunk contest.

NBA All-Star Weekend

All-Star WeekendAll-Star breakNBA All-Star
Thus, the maneuver is often extracted from the basketball game and showcased in slam dunk contests such as the NBA Slam Dunk Contest held during the annual NBA All-Star Weekend.
G League Dream Factory Friday Night: First held in 2008, the events includes a slam dunk contest and a three-point shootout. These events were modeled after the NBA All-Star Saturday Night events.

Zach LaVine

LaVine
In the 2016 NBA Slam Dunk Contest, Zach LaVine dunked from the free throw line on three occasions: One Hand, Windmill, and Between the Legs.
By his junior year, he had grown to 6ft 3in, and he would practice dunking for hours in his backyard after his shooting routine would end.

Field goal (basketball)

Field-goalfield goalfield goals
It is considered a type of field goal; if successful, it is worth two points.
One type of field goal is called a slam dunk.

Alley-oop (basketball)

alley-oopalley oopalley-oops
An alley-oop dunk, as it is colloquially known, is performed when a pass is caught in the air and then dunked.
In the 1950s, some players began grabbing balls in mid-air and then dunking.

2000 Summer Olympics

20002000 Sydney Olympics2000 Olympic Games
Vince Carter dunked while leaping over 7-foot-2 (2.18 m) French center Frédéric Weis in the 2000 Summer Olympics.
In a men's basketball pool match between the USA and France, the USA's Vince Carter made one of the most famous dunks in basketball history.

Shaquille O'Neal

ShaqShaquille O’NealShaquille "Shaq" O'Neal
Twice in his rookie season during games, center Shaquille O'Neal dunked so hard that he broke the hydraulic support of one goal standard (against the Phoenix Suns) and broke the welds holding up another goal standard, causing the basket to break off and fall to the floor (against the New Jersey Nets), although in neither case did the glass break.
Largely due to his ability to dunk the basketball, O'Neal also ranks third all-time in field goal percentage (58.2%).

Scottie Pippen

Pippen
In the 1990 NBA Slam Dunk Contest, Scottie Pippen dunked from the free throw line.
He was an athletic finisher at the rim, both with dunks and a skillful finger roll that he added to his skill set over time.

Darvin Ham

In the NCAA, Jerome Lane shattered a backboard while playing for Pitt in a 1988 regular-season game against Providence, and Darvin Ham did the same while playing for Texas Tech in a tournament game against North Carolina in 1996.
While playing for Texas Tech, he gained national attention by shattering the backboard on a slam dunk during the 1996 NCAA Tournament against UNC.

Candace Parker

ParkerCandace
Other WNBA dunks have been scored by Michelle Snow, Candace Parker (twice), and Sylvia Fowles.
Parker was the first woman to dunk in an NCAA tournament game and the first woman to dunk twice in a college game—she set both milestones as a redshirt freshman on March 19, 2006.