Slaughterhouse

abattoirabbatoirslaughterhousesfreezing worksslaughter houseabattoirsmeatworksshamblesslaughterslaughter-houses
A slaughterhouse or abattoir is a facility where animals are slaughtered for consumption as food.wikipedia
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Animal slaughter

slaughterslaughteredslaughtering
A slaughterhouse or abattoir is a facility where animals are slaughtered for consumption as food.
Such dressing can be done by hunters in the field (field dressing of game) or in a slaughterhouse.

Knacker

knackeredknacker's yardknacker's yards
Slaughterhouses that process meat not intended for human consumption are sometimes referred to as knacker's yards or knackeries, used for animals that are not fit for consumption or can no longer work on a farm such as retired work horses.
A knacker's yard or a knackery is different from a slaughterhouse or abattoir, where animals are slaughtered for human consumption.

The Shambles

Shambles
A term for such open-air slaughterhouses was shambles, and there are streets named "The Shambles" in some English and Irish towns (e.g., Worcester, York, Bandon) which got their name from having been the site on which butchers killed and prepared animals for consumption.
"Shambles" is an obsolete term for an open-air slaughterhouse and meat market.

Butcher

butcher shopbutcherybutchers
In the non-Western world, including the Arab world, the Indian sub-continent, etc., both forms of meat are available: one which is produced in modern mechanized slaughterhouses, and the other from local butcher shops.
A butcher may be employed by supermarkets, grocery stores, butcher shops and fish markets, slaughter houses, or may be self-employed.

Smithfield, London

SmithfieldSmithfield MarketSmithfield Meat Market
Meat had been traded at Smithfield Market as early as the 10th century.
Nor have they any notion of slaughter-houses in the midst of a city.

Food and drink prohibitions

dietary lawsdietary lawtaboo food
Some countries have laws that exclude specific animal species or grades of animal from being slaughtered for human consumption, especially those that are taboo food.
Sometimes food prohibitions enter national or local law, as with the ban on cattle abattoirs in most of India, and horse slaughter in the United States.

Metropolitan Cattle Market

Caledonian MarketCattle MarketCopenhagen Fields
The new Metropolitan Cattle Market was also opened in 1855, and West Smithfield was left as waste ground for about a decade, until the construction of the new market began in the 1860s under the authority of the 1860 Metropolitan Meat and Poultry Market Act.
Dealers' offices were arranged in the central area and slaughter houses were close by. The market was enclosed by cast iron railings, the columns of which were topped with cast iron heads of the animals traded.

Burakumin

Etaburakucriminations towards the offspring of Hinin and Eta
In Japan, where the ban on slaughter of livestock for food was lifted in the late 19th century, the newly found slaughter industry drew workers primarily from villages of burakumin, who traditionally worked in occupations relating to death (such as executioners and undertakers).
For example, the ban on consumption of meat from livestock was lifted in 1871 in order to "westernise" the country, and many former eta moved on to work in abattoirs and as butchers.

Temple Grandin

Dr. Temple GrandinTemplethe high-functioning autistic woman
In the latter part of the 20th century, the layout and design of most U.S. slaughterhouses was influenced by the work of Temple Grandin.
Grandin also developed an objective numerical scoring system for assessing animal welfare at slaughter plants.

Animal rights movement

animal liberationanimal liberation movementanimal rights activist
Animal rights activists, anti-speciesists, vegetarians and vegans are prominent critics of slaughterhouses and have created events such as the March to close all slaughterhouses to voice concerns about the conditions in slaughterhouses and ask for their abolition.
The animal rights movement, sometimes called the animal liberation movement, animal personhood, or animal advocacy movement, is a social movement which seeks an end to the rigid moral and legal distinction drawn between human and non-human animals, an end to the status of animals as property, and an end to their use in the research, food, clothing, and entertainment industries.

Halal

halaalḥalālHalal meat
In some communities animal slaughter and permitted species may be controlled by religious laws, most notably halal for Muslims and kashrut for Jewish communities.
The British Veterinary Association, along with citizens who have assembled a petition with 100,000 signatures, have raised concerns regarding a proposed halal abattoir in Wales, in which animals are not to be stunned prior to killing.

Beef ring

Beef ring
Beef rings are cooperative groups of six to twenty-four farms, with each member of the cooperative being required to supply one animal over the course of the summer to the cooperative for slaughter they are either done locally on the farm or at a slaughterhouse at the member's expense.

Meat packing industry

meat packingmeatpackingmeat processing
Slaughterhouses supply meat which then becomes the responsibility of the packaging department.
In the U.S. and some other countries, the facility where the meat packing is done is called a slaughterhouse, packinghouse or a meat packing plant; in New Zealand, where most of the products are exported, it is called a freezing works.

Federal Meat Inspection Act

Federal Meat Inspection Act of 1906federal meat inspectorMeat Inspection Act
This led directly to an investigation commissioned directly by President Theodore Roosevelt, and to the passage of the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906, which established the Food and Drug Administration.
3) Sanitary standards established for slaughterhouses and meat processing plants; and

Dhabihah

halaldhabihadhabīḥah
This act, like those in many countries, exempts slaughter in accordance to religious law, such as kosher shechita and dhabiha halal.
In a poultry farm or slaughter house, one animal must not witness another animal being slaughtered.

March to close all slaughterhouses

Animal rights activists, anti-speciesists, vegetarians and vegans are prominent critics of slaughterhouses and have created events such as the March to close all slaughterhouses to voice concerns about the conditions in slaughterhouses and ask for their abolition.
In Paris, the march commenced at the old Vaugirard Slaughterhouses, the site where Georges Franju filmed part of his documentary Le sang des bêtes. According to the organizers, the event has grown into an international movement with 35 participating cities in 15 countries in North and South America, Europe, Australia, and Asia in 2018.

Shechita

shochetkosher slaughterritual slaughterer
This act, like those in many countries, exempts slaughter in accordance to religious law, such as kosher shechita and dhabiha halal.
The most industrialized attempt at a kosher slaughterhouse, Agriprocessors of Postville, Iowa, became the center of controversy in 2004, after People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals released a gruesome undercover video of cattle struggling to their feet with their tracheas and esophagi ripped out after shechita.

Weasand clip

Weasand clip
A weasand clip is a device used in slaughtering animals in an abattoir.

Continuous inspection

Continuous inspection
In processing plants (as opposed to slaughter plants), inspectors need not be present at all times, but instead visit at least once a day.

Meat cutter

meat cutting
Meat cutter
Slaughterhouse

Working animal

draught animaldraft animalanimal power
Slaughterhouses that process meat not intended for human consumption are sometimes referred to as knacker's yards or knackeries, used for animals that are not fit for consumption or can no longer work on a farm such as retired work horses.

Animal welfare

welfareanimal protectionanimal rescue
Slaughtering animals on a large scale poses significant logistical problems, animal welfare problems, public health requirements, and environmental problems.

Public health

healthcommunity medicinepublic health specialist
Slaughtering animals on a large scale poses significant logistical problems, animal welfare problems, public health requirements, and environmental problems.

Animal rights

animal rights activistrightsanimal rights activists
Frequently, animal welfare and animal rights groups and sometimes academicians raise concerns about the methods of transport, preparation, herding, and killing within some slaughterhouses.

Haphazard

Until modern times, the slaughter of animals generally took place in a haphazard and unregulated manner in diverse places.