Slavery

slaveslavesenslavedslave laborslave labourenslavementchattel slaverychattelslaveholderslave market
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.wikipedia
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Timeline of abolition of slavery and serfdom

Abolition of slavery timelineabolitionabolition of slavery
Slavery was legal in most societies at some time in the past, but is now outlawed in all recognized countries.
It frequently occurred sequentially in more than one stage – for example, as abolition of the trade in slaves in a specific country, and then as abolition of slavery throughout empires.

Unfree labour

forced laborforced labourunfree labor
Scholars also use the more generic terms such as unfree labour or forced labour to refer to such situations.
Unfree labour includes all forms of slavery, and related institutions (e.g. debt slavery, serfdom, corvée and labour camps).

Domestic worker

servantdomestic servantdomestic service
In other areas, slavery (or unfree labour) continues through practices such as debt bondage, the most widespread form of slavery today, serfdom, domestic servants kept in captivity, certain adoptions in which children are forced to work as slaves, child soldiers, and forced marriage.
In many jurisdictions, domestic work is poorly regulated and domestic workers are subject to serious abuses, including slavery.

Siddharth Kara

According to researcher Siddharth Kara, the profits generated worldwide by all forms of slavery in 2007 were $91.2 billion.
Siddharth Kara is an author, activist and expert on modern day slavery and human trafficking.

The Bible and slavery

slaverybelieved it was right to treat black people as slavesBible
The Bible mentions slavery as an established institution.
The Bible contains several references to slavery, which was a common practice in antiquity.

Human branding

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Another widespread practice was branding the slaves either to generally mark them as property or as punishment usually reserved for fugitives.
It therefore uses the physical techniques of livestock branding on a human, either with consent as a form of body modification; or under coercion, as a punishment or to identify an enslaved or otherwise oppressed person.

Slavery in ancient Greece

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Records of slavery in Ancient Greece date as far back as Mycenaean Greece.
Slavery was a common practice in ancient Greece, as in other societies of the time.

Prisoner of war

prisoners of warPOWPOWs
Such institutions included debt-slavery, punishment for crime, the enslavement of prisoners of war, child abandonment, and the birth of slave children to slaves.
For most of human history, depending on the culture of the victors, enemy combatants on the losing side in a battle who had surrendered and been taken as prisoners of war could expect to be either slaughtered or enslaved.

Conscription

conscripteddrafteddraft
This may also include institutions not commonly classified as slavery, such as serfdom, conscription and penal labour.
The system of military slaves was widely used in the Middle East, beginning with the creation of the corps of Turkish slave-soldiers (ghulams or mamluks) by the Abbasid caliph al-Mu'tasim in the 820s and 830s.

Forced marriage

forced marriagesshotgun marriageforced
In other areas, slavery (or unfree labour) continues through practices such as debt bondage, the most widespread form of slavery today, serfdom, domestic servants kept in captivity, certain adoptions in which children are forced to work as slaves, child soldiers, and forced marriage.
Historically, forced marriage was also used to require a captive (slave or prisoner of war) to integrate with the host community, and accept their fate.

Slave rebellion

slave revoltslave revoltsslave insurrection
This oppression, by an elite minority, eventually led to slave revolts (see Roman Servile Wars); the Third Servile War, led by Spartacus, (a Thracian) being the most famous.
A slave rebellion is an armed uprising by slaves.

Slavery in medieval Europe

slavesslaveslavery
Slavery in early medieval Europe was so common that the Catholic Church repeatedly prohibited it – or at least the export of Christian slaves to non-Christian lands – was prohibited at e.g. the Council of Koblenz (922), the Council of London (1102) (which aimed mainly at the sale of English slaves to Ireland) and the Council of Armagh (1171).
Slavery had mostly died out in western Europe about the year 1000, replaced by serfdom.

Serfdom

serfserfsvillagers
In other areas, slavery (or unfree labour) continues through practices such as debt bondage, the most widespread form of slavery today, serfdom, domestic servants kept in captivity, certain adoptions in which children are forced to work as slaves, child soldiers, and forced marriage. This may also include institutions not commonly classified as slavery, such as serfdom, conscription and penal labour.
As with slaves, serfs could be bought, sold, or traded (with some limitations as they generally could be sold only together with land, with the exception of the kholops in Russia and villeins in gross in England who could be traded like regular slaves), abused with no rights over their own bodies, could not leave the land they were bound to, and could marry only with their lord's permission.

Prostitution

prostituteprostituteswhore
Human trafficking primarily involves women and children forced into prostitution and is the fastest growing form of forced labour, with Thailand, Cambodia, India, Brazil and Mexico having been identified as leading hotspots of commercial sexual exploitation of children.
There were some commonalities with the Greek system, but as the Empire grew, prostitutes were often foreign slaves, captured, purchased, or raised for that purpose, sometimes by large-scale "prostitute farmers" who took abandoned children.

Property

propertiesproprietarypatrimony
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.
The question of the ownership and rights to one's body arise in general in the discussion of human rights, including the specific issues of slavery, conscription, rights of children under the age of majority, marriage, abortion, prostitution, drugs, euthanasia and organ donation.

Sumer

SumeriansSumeriaSumerian
Slavery was known in almost every ancient civilization and society including Sumer, Ancient Egypt, Ancient China, the Akkadian Empire, Assyria, Ancient India, Ancient Greece, Carolingian Europe, the Roman Empire, the Hebrew kingdoms of the ancient Levant, and the pre-Columbian civilizations of the Americas.
It is fairly certain that it was during the Uruk period that Sumerian cities began to make use of slave labor captured from the hill country, and there is ample evidence for captured slaves as workers in the earliest texts.

Slavery Abolition Act 1833

Slavery Abolition Actabolition of slaverySlavery Abolition Act of 1833
The slave trade was abolished by the Slave Trade Act 1807, although slavery itself remained legal in possessions outside Europe until the passage of the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 and the Indian Slavery Act, 1843.
IV c. 73) abolished slavery throughout the British Empire.

Third Servile War

slave revoltmajor slave uprisingGladiator War
This oppression, by an elite minority, eventually led to slave revolts (see Roman Servile Wars); the Third Servile War, led by Spartacus, (a Thracian) being the most famous.
To varying degrees throughout Roman history, the existence of a pool of inexpensive labor in the form of slaves was an important factor in the economy.

Aztec slavery

AztecsMaya slavesslavery
Slavery in Mexico can be traced back to the Aztecs.
Aztec slavery, within the structure of the Mexico society, produced many slaves, known by the Nahuatl word, tlacotin. Within Mexica society, slaves constituted an important class.

Barefoot

bare feetbarefoot parkBarefoot hiking
Throughout history, slaves were clothed in a distinctive fashion, particularly with respect to the frequent lack of footwear, as they were rather commonly forced to go barefoot.
Removing the footwear and making a captive person go barefoot has been one of the first means to identify prisoners and other unfree individuals such as slaves in most civilizations.

Americas

Americathe AmericasAmerican
Slavery was known in almost every ancient civilization and society including Sumer, Ancient Egypt, Ancient China, the Akkadian Empire, Assyria, Ancient India, Ancient Greece, Carolingian Europe, the Roman Empire, the Hebrew kingdoms of the ancient Levant, and the pre-Columbian civilizations of the Americas.
Millions of individuals were forcibly transported to the Americas as slaves, prisoners or indentured servants.

Arab slave trade

slavesslave tradetrans-Saharan slave trade
From the 11th to the 19th century, North African Barbary Pirates engaged in Razzias, raids on European coastal towns, to capture Christian slaves to sell at slave markets in places such as Algeria and Morocco.
The Arab slave trade is a name used to refer to the intersection of slavery and trade surrounding the Arab world and Indian Ocean, mainly in Western and Central Asia, Northern and Eastern Africa, India, and Europe.

Sultanate of Zanzibar

ZanzibarZanzibar SultanateSultan of Zanzibar
The Arab slave trade, across the Sahara desert and across the Indian Ocean, began after Muslim Arab and Swahili traders won control of the Swahili Coast and sea routes during the 9th century (see Sultanate of Zanzibar).
He established a ruling Arab elite and encouraged the development of clove plantations, using the island's slave labour.

Property law

propertyreal property lawestate law
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.
In an extreme form, this has meant that people have become "objects" of property—legally "things" or chattels (see slavery.) More commonly, marginalized groups have been denied legal rights to own property.

Human trafficking

traffickingtrafficking in personstrafficked
The most common form of modern slave trade is commonly referred to as human trafficking.
Child exploitation may also involve forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude, the removal of organs, illicit international adoption, trafficking for early marriage, recruitment as child soldiers, for use in begging or as athletes (such as child camel jockeys or football players ).