Sloth (deadly sin)

slothslothfulidlenesslazinesslazyTorpor
Sloth is one of the seven capital sins in Christian teachings.wikipedia
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Acedia

accidieakêdialistlessness
The word "sloth" is a translation of the Latin term acedia (Middle English, accidie) and means "without care".
Some see it as the precursor to sloth—one of the seven deadly sins.

Laziness

lazyindolenceSloth
One definition is a habitual disinclination to exertion, or laziness.
One of the Catholic seven deadly sins is sloth, which is often defined as spiritual and/or physical apathy or laziness.

Apathy

apatheticindifferenceindifferent
This interpretation of apathy is also referred to as Sloth and is listed among the Seven Deadly Sins.

Seven deadly sins

greeddeadly sindeadly sins
Sloth is one of the seven capital sins in Christian teachings.
According to the standard list, they are pride, greed, lust, envy, gluttony, wrath and sloth, which are also contrary to the seven heavenly virtues.

Seven virtues

Seven Heavenly VirtuesChristian virtuesVirtues

Isaac Watts

Dr Isaac WattsWattsDr. Watts’
("Against Idleness and Mischief" by Isaac Watts).

God

Supreme BeingLordnature of God
Spiritually, acedia first referred to an affliction attending religious persons, especially monks, wherein they became indifferent to their duties and obligations to God.

Summa Theologica

Summa TheologiaeSumma TheologiæSumma
In his Summa Theologica, Saint Thomas Aquinas defined sloth as "sorrow about spiritual good" and as "sluggishness of the mind which neglects to begin good... [it] is evil in its effect, if it so oppresses man as to draw him away entirely from good deeds."

Thomas Aquinas

St. Thomas AquinasAquinasSaint Thomas Aquinas
In his Summa Theologica, Saint Thomas Aquinas defined sloth as "sorrow about spiritual good" and as "sluggishness of the mind which neglects to begin good... [it] is evil in its effect, if it so oppresses man as to draw him away entirely from good deeds."

Catechism of the Catholic Church

CatechismCatholic CatechismCompendium of the Catechism of the Catholic Church
According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, "acedia or spiritual sloth goes so far as to refuse the joy that comes from God and to be repelled by divine goodness."

Holy Spirit in Christianity

Holy SpiritHoly GhostGod the Holy Spirit
Sloth includes ignoring the seven gifts of grace given by the Holy Ghost (wisdom, understanding, counsel, knowledge, piety, fortitude, and fear of the Lord); such disregard may lead to the slowing of spiritual progress towards eternal life, to the neglect of manifold duties of charity towards the neighbour, and to animosity towards those who love God.

Wisdom

sapientsapiencewise
Sloth includes ignoring the seven gifts of grace given by the Holy Ghost (wisdom, understanding, counsel, knowledge, piety, fortitude, and fear of the Lord); such disregard may lead to the slowing of spiritual progress towards eternal life, to the neglect of manifold duties of charity towards the neighbour, and to animosity towards those who love God.

Understanding

understandcomprehensionunderstood
Sloth includes ignoring the seven gifts of grace given by the Holy Ghost (wisdom, understanding, counsel, knowledge, piety, fortitude, and fear of the Lord); such disregard may lead to the slowing of spiritual progress towards eternal life, to the neglect of manifold duties of charity towards the neighbour, and to animosity towards those who love God.

Counsel

legal counseladvisorSpecial Counsel
Sloth includes ignoring the seven gifts of grace given by the Holy Ghost (wisdom, understanding, counsel, knowledge, piety, fortitude, and fear of the Lord); such disregard may lead to the slowing of spiritual progress towards eternal life, to the neglect of manifold duties of charity towards the neighbour, and to animosity towards those who love God.

Knowledge

knowhuman knowledgesituated knowledge
Sloth includes ignoring the seven gifts of grace given by the Holy Ghost (wisdom, understanding, counsel, knowledge, piety, fortitude, and fear of the Lord); such disregard may lead to the slowing of spiritual progress towards eternal life, to the neglect of manifold duties of charity towards the neighbour, and to animosity towards those who love God.

Piety

piousreligiousChristianity
Sloth includes ignoring the seven gifts of grace given by the Holy Ghost (wisdom, understanding, counsel, knowledge, piety, fortitude, and fear of the Lord); such disregard may lead to the slowing of spiritual progress towards eternal life, to the neglect of manifold duties of charity towards the neighbour, and to animosity towards those who love God.

Courage

braverygallantryvalor
Sloth includes ignoring the seven gifts of grace given by the Holy Ghost (wisdom, understanding, counsel, knowledge, piety, fortitude, and fear of the Lord); such disregard may lead to the slowing of spiritual progress towards eternal life, to the neglect of manifold duties of charity towards the neighbour, and to animosity towards those who love God.

Fear of God

fear of the LordGod-fearingAwe of God
Sloth includes ignoring the seven gifts of grace given by the Holy Ghost (wisdom, understanding, counsel, knowledge, piety, fortitude, and fear of the Lord); such disregard may lead to the slowing of spiritual progress towards eternal life, to the neglect of manifold duties of charity towards the neighbour, and to animosity towards those who love God.

Charity (practice)

charitycharitablecharitable work
Sloth includes ignoring the seven gifts of grace given by the Holy Ghost (wisdom, understanding, counsel, knowledge, piety, fortitude, and fear of the Lord); such disregard may lead to the slowing of spiritual progress towards eternal life, to the neglect of manifold duties of charity towards the neighbour, and to animosity towards those who love God.

Neighbourhood

neighborhoodneighborhoodsneighbourhoods
Sloth includes ignoring the seven gifts of grace given by the Holy Ghost (wisdom, understanding, counsel, knowledge, piety, fortitude, and fear of the Lord); such disregard may lead to the slowing of spiritual progress towards eternal life, to the neglect of manifold duties of charity towards the neighbour, and to animosity towards those who love God.

Mortal sin

grave sinmortal sinsdelictum gravius
While the state and habit of sloth is a mortal sin, the habit of the soul tending towards the last mortal state of sloth is not mortal in and of itself except under certain circumstances.

Philokalia

Watchfulness (Christian)watchfulness
In the Philokalia, the word dejection is used instead of sloth, for the person who falls into dejection will lose interest in life.