Slovenia

SloveneSlovenianRepublic of SloveniaSVNSLOSlovenijaSIcountryEastern SloveniaSlovenes
Slovenia (Slovenija ), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS ), is a country located in Central and Southeastern Europe, at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.wikipedia
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Croatia

Republic of CroatiaCroatianCRO
It is bordered by Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Croatia to the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea to the southwest.
It borders Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro to the southeast, sharing a maritime border with Italy.

Austria

AUTAustrianRepublic of Austria
It is bordered by Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Croatia to the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea to the southwest.
It is bordered by Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west.

Ljubljana

Ljubljana, SloveniaLaibachLjubjana
The capital and largest city is Ljubljana.
Ljubljana (,, locally also ; also known by other historical names) is the capital and largest city of Slovenia.

Adriatic Sea

AdriaticAdriatic coastThe Adriatic
It is bordered by Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Croatia to the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea to the southwest.
The countries with coasts on the Adriatic are Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Montenegro and Slovenia.

Slovenes

SloveneSlovenianSlovenians
Although the population is not quite homogeneous, Slovenes comprise the majority. After its disintegration following Samo's death in 658 or 659, the ancestors of the Slovenes located in present-day Carinthia formed the independent duchy of Carantania, and Carniola, later duchy Carniola.
The Slovenes, also known as Slovenians (Slovenci ), are a South Slavic ethnic group native to Slovenia, and also to Italy, Austria and Hungary in addition to having a diaspora throughout the world.

Slovene language

SloveneSlovenianSlovenian language
The South Slavic language Slovene is the official language throughout the country.
It is spoken by about 2.5 million speakers worldwide, the majority of whom live in Slovenia, where it is the only official language.

Dinaric Alps

DinaridesDinaricDinaric Mountains
Additionally, the Dinaric Alps and the Pannonian Plain meet on the territory of Slovenia.
They stretch from Italy in the northwest through Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo to Albania in the southeast.

Economy of Slovenia

Slovenian economyGDPTemeljna obrestna mera
The economy of Slovenia is small, open and export-oriented and is thus strongly influenced by the conditions of its exporting partners' economies.
The highest GDP/pc is in central Slovenia, where capital city Ljubljana is located, which is part of the Western Slovenia statistical region, which has a higher GDP/pc than eastern Slovenia.

Potok Cave

In the 1920s and 1930s, artifacts belonging to the Cro-Magnon, such as pierced bones, bone points, and a needle were found by archaeologist Srečko Brodar in Potok Cave.
Potok Cave (Potočka zijalka or Potočka zijavka ) is a cave in northern Slovenia, declared a high-elevation archaeological and paleontological site, occupied approximately 35,000 years BP (before present) by anatomically modern humans of the Aurignacian culture during the Upper Paleolithic.

Novo Mesto

Novo Mesto, SloveniaNeustadtNeustadtl
Archaeological remains dating from the Hallstatt period have been found, particularly in southeastern Slovenia, among them a number of situlas in Novo Mesto, the "Town of Situlas".
Novo Mesto (Novo mesto; also known by other alternative names) is the city on a bend of the Krka River in the City Municipality of Novo Mesto in southeastern Slovenia, close to the border with Croatia.

Celje

CeleiaCilliCelea
The Romans established posts at Emona (Ljubljana), Poetovio (Ptuj), and Celeia (Celje); and constructed trade and military roads that ran across Slovene territory from Italy to Pannonia.
Celje is the third-largest town in Slovenia.

Cerkno

Circhina
A pierced cave bear bone, dating from 43100 ± 700 BP, found in 1995 in Divje Babe cave near Cerkno, is considered a kind of flute, and possibly the oldest musical instrument discovered in the world.
Cerkno (Circhina, ) is a small town in the Littoral region of Slovenia.

Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps

pile dwellingscircumalpinePrehistoric pile dwellings
In 2002, remains of pile dwellings over 4,500 years old were discovered in the Ljubljana Marshes, now protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the Ljubljana Marshes Wooden Wheel, the oldest wooden wheel in the world.
111 sites, located in Switzerland (56), Italy (19), Germany (18), France (11), Austria (5 sites), and Slovenia (2), were added to UNESCO World Heritage Site list in 2011.

Illyrians

IllyrianIllyrian tribeIllyrian peoples
In the Iron Age, present-day Slovenia was inhabited by Illyrian and Celtic tribes until the 1st century BC.
The territory the Illyrians inhabited came to be known as Illyria to Greek and Roman authors, who identified a territory that corresponds to Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Montenegro, Kosovo, part of Serbia and most of central and northern Albania, between the Adriatic Sea in the west, the Drava river in the north, the Morava river in the east and the mouth of the Aoos river in the south.

Carniola

KranjskaKrainOberkrain
After its disintegration following Samo's death in 658 or 659, the ancestors of the Slovenes located in present-day Carinthia formed the independent duchy of Carantania, and Carniola, later duchy Carniola.
Carniola (Slovene and ; Krain; Carniola; Krajna) was a historical region that comprised parts of present-day Slovenia.

Slovene National Liberation Committee

Slovenian National Liberation CouncilSNOSSlovene National Liberation Council
The modern Slovene state originates from the Slovene National Liberation Committee (SNOS) held on 19 February 1944.
The Slovene National Liberation Committee (SNOS) (Slovenski narodnoosvobodilni svet; Slovensko narodnooslobodilačko vijeće, Словеначко народноослободилачко веће) was formed as the highest governing organ of anti-fascist movement in Slovenia during World War II.

Noricum

Noricum MediterraneumNoricNorican
The area that is present-day Slovenia was in Roman times shared between Venetia et Histria (region X of Roman Italia in the classification of Augustus) and the provinces Pannonia and Noricum.
Noricum is the Latin name for the Celtic kingdom or federation of tribes that included most of modern Austria and part of Slovenia.

Ljubljana Marshes

Ljubljana MarshIlovicalocal marshland
In 2002, remains of pile dwellings over 4,500 years old were discovered in the Ljubljana Marshes, now protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the Ljubljana Marshes Wooden Wheel, the oldest wooden wheel in the world.
The Ljubljana Marshes (Ljubljansko barje), located south of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, is the largest marsh in the country.

Pannonian Basin

Pannonian PlainCarpathian BasinPannonian
Additionally, the Dinaric Alps and the Pannonian Plain meet on the territory of Slovenia.
In terms of modern state boundaries, the basin centres on the territory of Hungary, but it also covers regions of western Slovakia (the Eastern Slovak Lowland), southeastern Poland, western Ukraine, western Romania, northern Serbia (Vojvodina), the tip of northeast Croatia (Slavonia), northeastern Slovenia, and eastern Austria.

Carinthian Slovenes

Carinthian SloveneSloveneCarinthian Slovenian
The Carantanians, one of the ancestral groups of the modern Slovenes, particularly the Carinthian Slovenes, were the first Slavic people to accept Christianity.
Carinthian Slovenes or Carinthian Slovenians (Koroški Slovenci; Kärntner Slowenen) are the indigenous minority of Slovene ethnicity, living within borders of the Austrian state of Carinthia, neighboring Slovenia.

Pannonia

PanoniaPannonianPannonia province
The area that is present-day Slovenia was in Roman times shared between Venetia et Histria (region X of Roman Italia in the classification of Augustus) and the provinces Pannonia and Noricum.
Pannonia was located in the territory of present-day western Hungary, eastern Austria, northern Croatia, north-western Serbia, northern Slovenia and northern Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Trieste

TriestTrieste, ItalyTergeste
By the late Middle Ages, the historic provinces of Carniola, Styria, Carinthia, Gorizia, Trieste, and Istria developed from the border regions and were incorporated into the medieval German state.
It is situated towards the end of a narrow strip of Italian territory lying between the Adriatic Sea and Slovenia, which lies approximately south and east of the city.

Carantania

CarinthiaCarantanian marchKingdom of Carantania
After its disintegration following Samo's death in 658 or 659, the ancestors of the Slovenes located in present-day Carinthia formed the independent duchy of Carantania, and Carniola, later duchy Carniola.
Carantania, also known as Carentania (Karantanija, Karantanien, in Old Slavic *Korǫtanъ), was a Slavic principality that emerged in the second half of the 7th century, in the territory of present-day southern Austria and north-eastern Slovenia.

Duchy of Carinthia

CarinthiaCarinthianDuke of Carinthia
By the late Middle Ages, the historic provinces of Carniola, Styria, Carinthia, Gorizia, Trieste, and Istria developed from the border regions and were incorporated into the medieval German state. Carantania, being the most important, was elevated into the Duchy of Carinthia in 976.
The Duchy of Carinthia (Herzogtum Kärnten; Vojvodina Koroška) was a duchy located in southern Austria and parts of northern Slovenia.

European Union

EUEuropeanEurope
One of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, Slovenia is now a parliamentary republic and member nation of the European Union, United Nations, and NATO.
In 2004, the EU saw its biggest enlargement to date when Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia joined the Union.