Organ in the gastrointestinal tract where most of the absorption of nutrients from food takes place.- Small intestine
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Tract or passageway of the digestive system that leads from the mouth to the anus.
The GI tract includes all structures between the mouth and the anus, forming a continuous passageway that includes the main organs of digestion, namely, the stomach, small intestine, and large intestine.
Enterocytes, or intestinal absorptive cells, are simple columnar epithelial cells which line the inner surface of the small and large intestines.
Intestinal villi (singular: villus) are small, finger-like projections that extend into the lumen of the small intestine.
Large body cavity in humans and many other animals that contains many organs.
Organs of the abdominal cavity include the stomach, liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, small intestine, kidneys, large intestine, and adrenal glands.
Organ that attaches the intestines to the posterior abdominal wall in humans and is formed by the double fold of peritoneum.
The mesentery of the small intestine arises from the root of the mesentery (or mesenteric root) and is the part connected with the structures in front of the vertebral column.
Pouch within the peritoneum that is considered to be the beginning of the large intestine.
In dissections by the Greek philosophers, the connection between the ileum of the small intestine and the cecum was not fully understood.
Digestive enzymes are a group of enzymes that break down polymeric macromolecules into their smaller building blocks, in order to facilitate their absorption by the body.
Secretory glands in the small intestine
Enzyme in the first section of the small intestine that starts the digestion of protein molecules by cutting these long chains of amino acids into smaller pieces.
Trypsin is formed in the small intestine when its proenzyme form, the trypsinogen produced by the pancreas, is activated.
In vertebrates, the gallbladder, also known as the cholecyst, is a small hollow organ where bile is stored and concentrated before it is released into the small intestine.
Organ of the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates.
Below the body of the pancreas sits some of the small intestine, specifically the last part of the duodenum and the jejunum to which it connects, as well as the suspensory ligament of the duodenum which falls between these two.