Smartphonewikipedia
smartphonesmartphonessmart phonesmart phonesphonemobilesmart-phonesmartSmartphone 2002phones

Phablet

phabletphablets
Smartphones are typically pocket-sized, with somewhat larger sizes being called phablets; they are generally smaller than tablet computers.
The phablet is a class of mobile devices combining or straddling the size format of smartphones and tablets.

Mobile operating system

mobile operating systemmobile platformsmobile OS
Smartphones use a mobile operating system and are able to process a variety of software components, known as "apps".
A mobile operating system (or mobile OS) is an operating system for phones, tablets, smartwatches, or other mobile devices.

Wi-Fi

wifiwi-fiwireless internet
It possesses extensive computing capabilities, including high-speed access to the Internet using both Wi-Fi and mobile broadband. Today, smartphones largely fulfil their users' needs for a microphone (smartphones often have one to four microphones), a digital camera (most smartphones are made with one front-facing and one to three rear-facing integrated digital cameras), a communications device (smartphones can transmit online chat, e-mails, telephone calls and video chat through the Internet by Wi-Fi as well as mobile broadband; a smartphone uses its camera in video chat, as well as its microphone in video chat and telephone calls), a handheld audio recorder (using the microphone), a satellite navigation system and trip planner, weather forecasting, a media player, a clock, news, a calculator, a web browser, a video game player, a flashlight (smartphones may possess one to two LEDs for illumination and photographic flash needs), a compass (smartphones that contain built-in magnetometers are able to function as a compass), an address book, a note creator, an event calendar, etc. Some apps allow sending and receiving facsimile (fax) over a smartphone, including raster facsimile data generated directly and digitally from document and image file formats.
Devices that can use Wi-Fi technologies include desktops and laptops, video game consoles, smartphones and tablets, smart TVs, digital audio players and modern printers.

Tablet computer

tablet computertabletstablet
Smartphones are typically pocket-sized, with somewhat larger sizes being called phablets; they are generally smaller than tablet computers.
Modern tablets largely resemble modern smartphones, the only differences being that tablets are relatively larger than smartphones, with screens 7 inch or larger, measured diagonally, and may not support access to a cellular network.

Mobile app

mobile appappmobile application
Smartphones use a mobile operating system and are able to process a variety of software components, known as "apps".
A mobile app or mobile application is a computer program designed to run on a mobile device such as a phone/tablet or watch.

Graphical user interface

graphical user interfaceGUIgraphical
Modern smartphones have a touchscreen color display with a graphical user interface that covers the front surface and enables the user to use a virtual keyboard to type and press onscreen icons.
Beyond computers, GUIs are used in many handheld mobile devices such as MP3 players, portable media players, gaming devices, smartphones and smaller household, office and industrial controls.

Operating system

operating systemoperating systemsOS
Apps, and the operating system itself, can receive bug fixes and gain additional functionality through updates.
In the mobile (smartphone and tablet combined) sector, use in 2017 is up to 70% of Google's Android and according to third quarter 2016 data, Android on smartphones is dominant with 87.5 percent and a growth rate 10.3 percent per year, followed by Apple's iOS with 12.1 percent and a per year decrease in market share of 5.2 percent, while other operating systems amount to just 0.3 percent.

Videotelephony

videoconferencingvideo conferencingvideo chat
Today, smartphones largely fulfil their users' needs for a microphone (smartphones often have one to four microphones), a digital camera (most smartphones are made with one front-facing and one to three rear-facing integrated digital cameras), a communications device (smartphones can transmit online chat, e-mails, telephone calls and video chat through the Internet by Wi-Fi as well as mobile broadband; a smartphone uses its camera in video chat, as well as its microphone in video chat and telephone calls), a handheld audio recorder (using the microphone), a satellite navigation system and trip planner, weather forecasting, a media player, a clock, news, a calculator, a web browser, a video game player, a flashlight (smartphones may possess one to two LEDs for illumination and photographic flash needs), a compass (smartphones that contain built-in magnetometers are able to function as a compass), an address book, a note creator, an event calendar, etc. Some apps allow sending and receiving facsimile (fax) over a smartphone, including raster facsimile data generated directly and digitally from document and image file formats.
More popular videotelephony technologies use the Internet rather than the traditional landline phone network, even accounting for modern digital packetized phone network protocols, and even though videotelephony software commonly runs on smartphones.

Mobile broadband

mobile broadbandmobilecellular data
It possesses extensive computing capabilities, including high-speed access to the Internet using both Wi-Fi and mobile broadband. Today, smartphones largely fulfil their users' needs for a microphone (smartphones often have one to four microphones), a digital camera (most smartphones are made with one front-facing and one to three rear-facing integrated digital cameras), a communications device (smartphones can transmit online chat, e-mails, telephone calls and video chat through the Internet by Wi-Fi as well as mobile broadband; a smartphone uses its camera in video chat, as well as its microphone in video chat and telephone calls), a handheld audio recorder (using the microphone), a satellite navigation system and trip planner, weather forecasting, a media player, a clock, news, a calculator, a web browser, a video game player, a flashlight (smartphones may possess one to two LEDs for illumination and photographic flash needs), a compass (smartphones that contain built-in magnetometers are able to function as a compass), an address book, a note creator, an event calendar, etc. Some apps allow sending and receiving facsimile (fax) over a smartphone, including raster facsimile data generated directly and digitally from document and image file formats.
Mobile broadband is the marketing term for wireless Internet access through a portable modem, USB wireless modem, or a tablet/smartphone or other mobile device.

Video game

video gamevideo gamesvideogame
Today, smartphones largely fulfil their users' needs for a microphone (smartphones often have one to four microphones), a digital camera (most smartphones are made with one front-facing and one to three rear-facing integrated digital cameras), a communications device (smartphones can transmit online chat, e-mails, telephone calls and video chat through the Internet by Wi-Fi as well as mobile broadband; a smartphone uses its camera in video chat, as well as its microphone in video chat and telephone calls), a handheld audio recorder (using the microphone), a satellite navigation system and trip planner, weather forecasting, a media player, a clock, news, a calculator, a web browser, a video game player, a flashlight (smartphones may possess one to two LEDs for illumination and photographic flash needs), a compass (smartphones that contain built-in magnetometers are able to function as a compass), an address book, a note creator, an event calendar, etc. Some apps allow sending and receiving facsimile (fax) over a smartphone, including raster facsimile data generated directly and digitally from document and image file formats.
Specialized video games such as arcade games, in which the video game components are housed in a large, typically coin-operated chassis, while common in the 1980s in video arcades, have gradually declined due to the widespread availability of affordable home video game consoles (e.g., PlayStation 4, Xbox One and Nintendo Switch) and video games on desktop/laptops and smartphones.

Portable media player

portable media playermedia playerportable media players
Today, smartphones largely fulfil their users' needs for a microphone (smartphones often have one to four microphones), a digital camera (most smartphones are made with one front-facing and one to three rear-facing integrated digital cameras), a communications device (smartphones can transmit online chat, e-mails, telephone calls and video chat through the Internet by Wi-Fi as well as mobile broadband; a smartphone uses its camera in video chat, as well as its microphone in video chat and telephone calls), a handheld audio recorder (using the microphone), a satellite navigation system and trip planner, weather forecasting, a media player, a clock, news, a calculator, a web browser, a video game player, a flashlight (smartphones may possess one to two LEDs for illumination and photographic flash needs), a compass (smartphones that contain built-in magnetometers are able to function as a compass), an address book, a note creator, an event calendar, etc. Some apps allow sending and receiving facsimile (fax) over a smartphone, including raster facsimile data generated directly and digitally from document and image file formats.
Increasing sales of smartphones and tablet computers have led to a decline in sales of portable media players, leading to some devices being phased out, though flagship devices like the Apple iPod and Sony Walkman are still in production.

Digital camera

digital cameradigital camerasdigital
Today, smartphones largely fulfil their users' needs for a microphone (smartphones often have one to four microphones), a digital camera (most smartphones are made with one front-facing and one to three rear-facing integrated digital cameras), a communications device (smartphones can transmit online chat, e-mails, telephone calls and video chat through the Internet by Wi-Fi as well as mobile broadband; a smartphone uses its camera in video chat, as well as its microphone in video chat and telephone calls), a handheld audio recorder (using the microphone), a satellite navigation system and trip planner, weather forecasting, a media player, a clock, news, a calculator, a web browser, a video game player, a flashlight (smartphones may possess one to two LEDs for illumination and photographic flash needs), a compass (smartphones that contain built-in magnetometers are able to function as a compass), an address book, a note creator, an event calendar, etc. Some apps allow sending and receiving facsimile (fax) over a smartphone, including raster facsimile data generated directly and digitally from document and image file formats.
By the beginning of the 2010s, almost all smartphones had an integrated digital camera.

BlackBerry 10

BlackBerry AssistantBlackBerryBlackBerry OS
Since 2010, smartphones have adopted integrated virtual assistants, such as Apple Siri, Amazon Alexa, Google Assistant, Microsoft Cortana, BlackBerry Assistant and Samsung Bixby.
BlackBerry 10 is a proprietary mobile operating system for the BlackBerry line of smartphones, both developed by BlackBerry Limited (formerly Research In Motion).

Symbian

SymbianSymbian OSSymbian^3
In the mid-late 1990s, many people who had mobile phones carried a separate dedicated PDA device, running early versions of operating systems such as Palm OS, Newton OS, Symbian or Windows CE/Pocket PC.
Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones.

Feature phone

feature phonefeature phonesfeaturephone
Global smartphone sales surpassed the sales figures for feature phones in early 2013.
Feature phones tend to use a proprietary, custom-designed software and user interface, and lack the capabilities of smartphones.

Personal digital assistant

PDApersonal digital assistantPDAs
In the mid-late 1990s, many people who had mobile phones carried a separate dedicated PDA device, running early versions of operating systems such as Palm OS, Newton OS, Symbian or Windows CE/Pocket PC.
PDAs were largely discontinued in the early 2010s after the widespread adoption of highly capable smartphones, in particular those based on iOS and Android.

Virtual assistant

intelligent personal assistantvirtual assistantvirtual assistants
Since 2010, smartphones have adopted integrated virtual assistants, such as Apple Siri, Amazon Alexa, Google Assistant, Microsoft Cortana, BlackBerry Assistant and Samsung Bixby.
Apple and Google have large installed bases of users on smartphones.

Mobile device

mobile devicemobile deviceshandheld
A smartphone is a handheld personal computer.
Early smartphones were joined in the late 2000s by larger, but otherwise essentially the same, tablets.

Palm OS

PalmPalm Operating SystemPalm OS
In the mid-late 1990s, many people who had mobile phones carried a separate dedicated PDA device, running early versions of operating systems such as Palm OS, Newton OS, Symbian or Windows CE/Pocket PC.
Later versions of the OS have been extended to support smartphones.

Frank J. Canova

Frank Canova
The first commercially available device that could be properly referred to as a "smartphone" began as a prototype called "Angler" developed by Frank Canova in 1992 while at IBM and demonstrated in November of that year at the COMDEX computer industry trade show.
Francis James Canova Jr. (born 23 December 1956) is an American electronics designer who originated the idea for the IBM Simon and has thus been described as the inventor of the smartphone.

BlackBerry

BlackBerryCrackberryBlackBerry OS
Later, in the mid-2000s, business users in the U.S. started to adopt devices based on Microsoft's Windows Mobile, and then BlackBerry smartphones from Research In Motion.
BlackBerry is a line of smartphones, tablets, and services originally designed and marketed by Canadian company BlackBerry Limited (formerly known as Research In Motion, or RIM).

Windows Mobile

Windows MobileMobileWindows Mobile 6
Later, in the mid-2000s, business users in the U.S. started to adopt devices based on Microsoft's Windows Mobile, and then BlackBerry smartphones from Research In Motion.
Windows Mobile is a discontinued family of mobile operating systems developed by Microsoft for smartphones and Pocket PCs.

Clamshell design

clamshellflip phoneflip
The two components were attached by a hinge in what became known as a clamshell design, with the display above and a physical QWERTY keyboard below.
The flip or clamshell is a form factor of a smartphone or other device which is in two or more sections that fold via a hinge.

IPhone (1st generation)

iPhoneoriginal iPhoneiPhone (1st generation)
Later that year, Apple Inc. introduced the iPhone, which used a multi-touch capacitive touch screen.
The iPhone is the first smartphone model designed and marketed by Apple Inc. After years of rumors and speculation, it was officially announced on January 9, 2007, and was later released in the United States on June 29, 2007.

BlackBerry Limited

BlackBerryRIMResearch In Motion
Later, in the mid-2000s, business users in the U.S. started to adopt devices based on Microsoft's Windows Mobile, and then BlackBerry smartphones from Research In Motion.
Originally known as Research In Motion (RIM), it is best known to the general public as the former developer of the BlackBerry brand of smartphones, and tablets.