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Mobile operating system

mobile platformsmobilemobile operating systems
While early models could perform basic tasks, such as calculations, digital time telling, translations, and game-playing, 2010s smartwatches have more general functionality closer to smartphones, including mobile apps, a mobile operating system and WiFi/Bluetooth connectivity.
A mobile operating system (or mobile OS) is an operating system for phones, tablets, smartwatches, or other mobile devices.

Handheld electronic game

handheld electronic gameselectronic gameshandheld game
While early models could perform basic tasks, such as calculations, digital time telling, translations, and game-playing, 2010s smartwatches have more general functionality closer to smartphones, including mobile apps, a mobile operating system and WiFi/Bluetooth connectivity.
This simplicity means they can be made as small as a smartwatch, and sometimes are.

Wearable computer

wearable computingwearableswearable
A smartwatch is a wearable computer in the form of a wristwatch; modern smartwatches provide a local touchscreen interface for daily use, while an associated smartphone app provides for management and telemetry (such as long-term biomonitoring).
general-purpose computing (e.g. smartphones and smartwatches)

Watch

wristwatchwatchesdigital watch
A smartwatch is a wearable computer in the form of a wristwatch; modern smartwatches provide a local touchscreen interface for daily use, while an associated smartphone app provides for management and telemetry (such as long-term biomonitoring).
Developments in the 2010s include smartwatches, which are elaborate computer-like electronic devices designed to be worn on a wrist.

Timex Datalink

Timex Datalink USBTimex Data LinkTimex Ironman Datalink
The Timex Datalink wristwatch, was introduced in 1994.
Timex Datalink or Timex Data Link is a line of early smartwatches manufactured by Timex and is considered a wristwatch computer.

Transflective liquid-crystal display

transflectivetransflective liquid crystal displaytransflective LCD
Some use transflective or electronic paper, to consume less power.
Some 21st century smartwatches such as the Pebble Smartwatch and the Amazfit Stratos also use transflective LCDs.

Ruputer

See also Linux Journal, where Mann's Linux wristwatch appeared on the cover and was the feature article of LJ Issue 75. Seiko launched the Ruputer in Japan - a wristwatch computer with a 3.6 MHz processor.
The Ruputer is a wristwatch computer developed in 1998 by Seiko.

Fossil Wrist PDA

AbacusAU5005Wrist PDA
In 2003, Fossil released the Wrist PDA, a watch which ran the Palm OS and contained 8 MB of RAM and 4 MB of flash memory.
The Fossil Wrist PDA is a smartwatch that runs Palm OS.

Smartphone

smartphonessmart phonesmart phones
While early models could perform basic tasks, such as calculations, digital time telling, translations, and game-playing, 2010s smartwatches have more general functionality closer to smartphones, including mobile apps, a mobile operating system and WiFi/Bluetooth connectivity.
A mobile operating system (or mobile OS) is an operating system for phones, tablets, smartwatches, or other mobile devices.

Linux

GNU/LinuxLinLinux operating system
In June 2000, IBM displayed a prototype for a wristwatch that ran Linux.
This includes routers, automation controls, televisions, digital video recorders, video game consoles, and smartwatches.

Pebble (watch)

PebblePebble SmartwatchPebble watch
Pebble (watch) was an innovative smartwatch that raised the most money at the time on Kickstarter reaching $10.3 Million between April 12 and May 18, 2012.
Pebble is a discontinued smartwatch developed by Pebble Technology Corporation.

Smart Personal Objects Technology

SPOT
SPOT stands for Smart Personal Objects Technology, an initiative by Microsoft to personalize household electronics and other everyday gadgets. On 29 October 2014, Microsoft announced the Microsoft Band, a smart fitness tracker and the company's first venture into wrist-worn devices since SPOT (Smart Personal Objects Technology) a decade earlier.
SPOT was first announced by Bill Gates at the COMDEX computer exposition event in 2002, and additional details were revealed by Microsoft at the 2003 Consumer Electronics Show where Gates demonstrated a set of prototype smart watches—the first type of device that would support the technology.

Heart rate monitor

heart monitorheart rate monitorsheart rate sensor
Peripheral devices may include digital cameras, thermometers, accelerometers, pedometers, heart rate monitors, altimeters, barometers, compasses, GPS receivers, tiny speakers, and microSD cards, which are recognized as storage devices by many other kinds of computers.
In recent years, it has been common for smartwatches to include heart rate monitors, which has greatly increased popularity.

Omate TrueSmart

TrueSmart
In 2013, the claim to first ever smartwatch to capture the full capability of a smartphone was laid by startup Omate with the TrueSmart.
The Omate TrueSmart was a smartwatch designed by Omate, a Chinese company based in Hong Kong and Shenzhen.

Wearable technology

wearablewearable devicewearable devices
Wearable technology, such as Google Glass, may evolve into a business worth US$6 billion annually and a July 2013 media report, revealed that the majority of major consumer electronics manufacturers were undertaking work on a smartwatch device at the time of publication.
It appears prominently in consumer electronics with the popularization of the smartwatch and activity tracker.

Personal organizer

day plannerpersonal organiserday planners
Software may include digital maps, schedulers and personal organizers, calculators, and various kinds of watch faces.
This process has accelerated in the beginning of the 21st century with the advent of smartphones, tablet computers, smartwatches and a variety of mobile apps.

Qualcomm Toq

As of 4 September 2013, three new smartwatches have been launched: the Samsung Galaxy Gear, Sony SmartWatch 2, and the Qualcomm Toq.
The Toq (pronounced “tok” as in "tick-tock") is a smartwatch developed by Qualcomm released as a proof of concept to OEMs and was released in limited quantities in December 2013.

Barometer

barometricaneroid barometerbarometers
Peripheral devices may include digital cameras, thermometers, accelerometers, pedometers, heart rate monitors, altimeters, barometers, compasses, GPS receivers, tiny speakers, and microSD cards, which are recognized as storage devices by many other kinds of computers.
A barometer can also be found in smartphones such as the Samsung Galaxy Nexus, Samsung Galaxy S3-S6, Motorola Xoom, Apple iPhone 6 smartphones, and Timex Expedition WS4 smartwatch, based on MEMS and piezoresistive pressure-sensing technologies.

LG G Watch

At Google I/O on 25 June 2014, the Android Wear platform was introduced and the LG G Watch and Samsung Gear Live were released.
The LG G Watch (model W100, codenamed Dory) is an Android Wear-based smartwatch announced and released by LG and Google on June 25, 2014.

Apple Inc.

AppleApple ComputerApple Computer, Inc.
It was compatible with most of the popular PCs of that time, including Apple II, II+ and IIe, the Commodore 64, IBM PC, NEC 8201, Tandy Color Computer, Model 1000, 1200, 2000 and TRS-80 Model I, III, 4 and 4p. The RC-20 Wrist Computer was released in 1985, under the joint brand name "Seiko Epson".
The original Apple Watch smartwatch was announced by Tim Cook on September 9, 2014, being introduced as a product with health and fitness-tracking.

Microsoft Band

Band
On 29 October 2014, Microsoft announced the Microsoft Band, a smart fitness tracker and the company's first venture into wrist-worn devices since SPOT (Smart Personal Objects Technology) a decade earlier.
Microsoft Band was a smart band with smartwatch and activity tracker/fitness tracker features, created and developed by Microsoft.

Sony Ericsson LiveView

LiveView
Sony Ericsson launches the Sony Ericsson LiveView, a wearable watch device which is basically an external Bluetooth display for an Android Smartphone.
Smartwatch

Samsung Gear S2

Gear S
In October 2015, Samsung unveiled the Samsung Gear S2.
The Samsung Gear S2 is a smartwatch developed by Samsung Electronics running Samsung's Tizen operating system.

Sony Mobile

SonySony EricssonEricsson
At IFA 2014 Sony Mobile announced the third generation of its smartwatch series, the Sony Smartwatch 3 powered by Android Wear.
Since the current ownership structure, Sony Mobile exclusively create Android-powered smartphones under the Xperia sub-brand name - it also currently or previously developed tablet computers (Sony Tablet), smartwatches (Sony SmartWatch) and fitness trackers (Sony SmartBand), alongside accessories and software for the devices.

Samsung Galaxy Watch

Galaxy Watch
Samsung introduced the LTE Galaxy Watch.
The Samsung Galaxy Watch is a smartwatch developed by Samsung Electronics.