Smoking

smokersmokesmokerssmokedtobacco usesmokestobacco addictionsmoking culturetobacco smokingtobacco
Smoking is a practice in which a substance is burned and the resulting smoke breathed in to be tasted and absorbed into the bloodstream.wikipedia
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Cigarette

cigarettessmokingfag
Most commonly the substance is the dried leaves of the tobacco plant which have been rolled into a small square of rice paper to create a small, round cylinder called a "cigarette".
A cigarette is a narrow cylinder containing psychoactive material, usually tobacco, that is rolled into thin paper for smoking.

Tobacco smoking

smokingcigarette smokingsmoker
Diseases related to tobacco smoking have been shown to kill approximately half of long-term smokers when compared to average mortality rates faced by non-smokers.
Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).

Cigar

cigarscigar makerCuban cigars
Other smoking implements include pipes, cigars, bidis, hookahs, and bongs.
A cigar is a rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco leaves made to be smoked.

Nicotine

nicotine addictionnicotine sulfateaddicted to nicotine
In the case of cigarette smoking these substances are contained in a mixture of aerosol particles and gasses and include the pharmacologically active alkaloid nicotine; the vaporization creates heated aerosol and gas into a form that allows inhalation and deep penetration into the lungs where absorption into the bloodstream of the active substances occurs.
The primary therapeutic use of nicotine is in treating nicotine dependence in order to eliminate smoking with the damage it does to health.

Hookah

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Other smoking implements include pipes, cigars, bidis, hookahs, and bongs.
A hookah (from Hindustani: हुक़्क़ा (Devanagari), (Nastaleeq), IPA: ; also see other names), also known as the ḡalyān (Persian: قلیان), is a single- or multi-stemmed instrument for vaporizing and smoking flavored tobacco (often Mu‘assel), or sometimes cannabis or opium, whose vapor or smoke is passed through a water basin—often glass-based—before inhalation.

Recreational drug use

recreational drugdrug usedrugs
Smoking is primarily practiced as a route of administration for recreational drug use because the combustion of the dried plant leaves vaporizes and delivers active substances into the lungs where they are rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream and reach bodily tissue.
smoking (see also the section below): tobacco, cannabis, opium, crystal meth, phencyclidine, crack cocaine and heroin (diamorphine as freebase) known as chasing the dragon

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

emphysemaCOPDchronic bronchitis
This is due to smoking tobacco being among the leading causes of many diseases such as lung cancer, heart attack, COPD, erectile dysfunction, and birth defects. Among the diseases that can be caused by smoking are vascular stenosis, lung cancer, heart attacks and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
The primary risk factor for COPD globally is tobacco smoking.

Beedi

bidisbidibiri
Other smoking implements include pipes, cigars, bidis, hookahs, and bongs.
As with many other types of smoking, beedis increase the risk of certain kinds of cancers, heart disease, and lung disease.

Passive smoking

second-hand smokesecondhand smokeenvironmental tobacco smoke
Further reports confirmed this link in the 1980s and concluded in 1986 that passive smoking was also harmful. Passive smoking, or secondhand smoking, which affects people in the immediate vicinity of smokers, is a major reason for the enforcement of smoking bans.
Second-hand smoke causes many of the same diseases as direct smoking, including cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer, and respiratory diseases.

Phencyclidine

PCPangel dustphenylcyclidine
Recent years shows an increase in the consumption of vaporized heroin, methamphetamine and Phencyclidine (PCP).
As a recreational drug, it is typically smoked, but may be taken by mouth, snorted, or injected.

Electronic cigarette

e-cigarettee-cigarettesvaping
A portable vaporization alternative appeared in 2003 with the introduction of electronic cigarettes, battery-operated, cigarette-shaped devices which produce an aerosol intended to mimic the smoke from burning tobacco, delivering nicotine to the user without some of the harmful substances released in tobacco smoke.
An electronic cigarette or e-cigarette is a handheld electronic device that simulates the feeling of smoking.

Periodontal disease

periodontitisgum diseaseperiodontal diseases
Smoking is a risk factor strongly associated with periodontitis and tooth loss.
Risk factors include smoking, diabetes, HIV/AIDS, family history, and certain medications.

Cigarette case

casescigarette boxessilver cigarette case
Other than actual smoking equipment, many other items are associated with smoking; cigarette cases, cigar boxes, lighters, matchboxes, cigarette holders, cigar holders, ashtrays, silent butlers, pipe cleaners, tobacco cutters, match stands, pipe tampers, cigarette companions and so on. Some examples of these have become valuable collector items and particularly ornate and antique items can fetch high prices.
Cigarette cases are fashionable accessories within smoking culture.

Smoking ban

ban on smokingbannedsmoke-free laws
Passive smoking, or secondhand smoking, which affects people in the immediate vicinity of smokers, is a major reason for the enforcement of smoking bans.
Legislation may also define smoking as more generally being the carrying or possessing of any lit tobacco product.

Birth defect

congenitalcongenital disorderbirth defects
This is due to smoking tobacco being among the leading causes of many diseases such as lung cancer, heart attack, COPD, erectile dysfunction, and birth defects.

Myocardial infarction

heart attackheart attacksacute myocardial infarction
This is due to smoking tobacco being among the leading causes of many diseases such as lung cancer, heart attack, COPD, erectile dysfunction, and birth defects. Among the diseases that can be caused by smoking are vascular stenosis, lung cancer, heart attacks and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
The most prominent risk factors for myocardial infarction are older age, actively smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, and total cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein levels.

Stenosis

stricturestricturesnarrowing
Among the diseases that can be caused by smoking are vascular stenosis, lung cancer, heart attacks and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
smoking

Preventable causes of death

preventable deathspreventable cause of deathpreventable death
Smoking is one of the leading causes of preventable death globally.
The three most common preventable causes of death in the population of the United States are smoking, high blood pressure, and being overweight.

Erectile dysfunction

impotenceimpotentimpotency
This is due to smoking tobacco being among the leading causes of many diseases such as lung cancer, heart attack, COPD, erectile dysfunction, and birth defects.
Lifestyle habits, particularly smoking, which is a key risk factor for erectile dysfunction as it promotes arterial narrowing.

Smoker's face

8% of long-term smokers develop the characteristic set of facial changes known to doctors as smoker's face.
"Smoker's face" describes the characteristic changes that happen to the faces of many people who smoke.

Methamphetamine

crystal methmethcrystal methamphetamine
Recent years shows an increase in the consumption of vaporized heroin, methamphetamine and Phencyclidine (PCP).

Dental implant

dental implantsimplantsimplant
Smoking has been also associated with oral conditions including dental caries, dental implant failures, premalignant lesions, and cancer.
More often, osseointegration failure occurs when a patient is either too unhealthy to receive the implant or engages in behavior that contraindicates proper dental hygiene including smoking or drug use.

Ashtray

ash trayash receiversash trays
Other than actual smoking equipment, many other items are associated with smoking; cigarette cases, cigar boxes, lighters, matchboxes, cigarette holders, cigar holders, ashtrays, silent butlers, pipe cleaners, tobacco cutters, match stands, pipe tampers, cigarette companions and so on. Some examples of these have become valuable collector items and particularly ornate and antique items can fetch high prices.
*Smoking culture

Tobacco

snufftobacco leavestobacco dryers
Most commonly the substance is the dried leaves of the tobacco plant which have been rolled into a small square of rice paper to create a small, round cylinder called a "cigarette".

Route of administration

parenteralroutes of administrationparenterally
Smoking is primarily practiced as a route of administration for recreational drug use because the combustion of the dried plant leaves vaporizes and delivers active substances into the lungs where they are rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream and reach bodily tissue.