A report on Tax and Smuggling

Total revenue from direct and indirect taxes given as share of GDP in 2017
British H.M. Revenue & Customs officers with seized smuggled tobacco, 2014.
Pieter Brueghel the Younger, The tax collector's office, 1640
A book with cigarettes.
Substitution effect and income effect with a taxation on y good.
The International Anti-Opium Association, Peking "The War Against Opium"
Budget's constraint shift after an introduction of a lump sum tax or a general tax on consumption or a proportional income tax.
Road sign at the Canada-US border prohibiting cannabis, Abercorn, Québec (2018)
The Laffer curve. In this case, the critical point is at a tax rate of 70%. Revenue increases until this peak, then it starts decreasing.
A poster warning the German women and girls about the danger of human traffic in the USA (ca 1900)
General government revenue, in % of GDP, from social contributions. For this data, the variance of GDP per capita with purchasing power parity (PPP) is explained in 20% by social contributions revenue.
Actress and UNICEF Ambassador Lucy Liu spoke out against human trafficking and lauded USAID efforts to increase awareness
Egyptian peasants seized for non-payment of taxes. (Pyramid Age)
A smuggler of rare birds arrested by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection at a U.S. border
Public finance revenue from taxes in % of GDP. For this data, the variance of GDP per capita with purchasing power parity (PPP) is explained in 32% by tax revenue.
X-ray of an abdomen piled up with cocaine
Diagram illustrating deadweight costs of taxes

Smuggling, however, is produced through the very culture of the shipping industry and is affected by institutionalized tariffs and taxes around the world.

- Smuggling

The classic ways of cheating a tariff are smuggling or declaring a false value of goods.

- Tax
Total revenue from direct and indirect taxes given as share of GDP in 2017

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