Sobaipuri

The Sobaipuri were one of many indigenous groups occupying Sonora and what is now Arizona at the time Europeans first entered the American Southwest.wikipedia
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Arizona

AZState of ArizonaArizona, U.S.
The Sobaipuri were one of many indigenous groups occupying Sonora and what is now Arizona at the time Europeans first entered the American Southwest.
He explored parts of the present state and made contact with native inhabitants, probably the Sobaipuri.

Pima people

PimaAkimel O'odhamPima Indians
They were a subgroup of the O'odham or Pima, surviving members of which include the residents of San Xavier del Bac which is now part of the Tohono O'odham Nation and the Akimel O'odham.
They are also related to the Sobaipuri, whose descendants reside on the San Xavier Indian Reservation or Wa꞉k (together with the Tohono Oʼodham), and in the Salt River Indian Community.

San Pedro River (Arizona)

San Pedro RiverSan PedroCatalina River
Marcos de Niza probably encountered this group along the San Pedro River in southeastern Arizona in 1539, although when Francisco Vázquez de Coronado followed less than a year later his party of explorers seems to have turned before reaching the Sobaipuri settlements (Seymour 2009a, 2011a).
By the time the first Europeans arrived these cultures had disappeared and the San Pedro River was home to the Sobaipuri people.

Eusebio Kino

Eusebio Francisco KinoFather KinoFather Eusebio Francisco Kino
When Father Eusebio Kino first arrived in the area in 1691 he was greeted by leaders of this group.
He explored the region and worked with the indigenous Native American population, including primarily the Tohono O'Odham, Sobaipuri and other Upper Piman groups.

Mission Los Santos Ángeles de Guevavi

Los Santos Ángeles de GuevaviSan Gabriel
Kino then stopped by Guevavi (later referred to as Mission Los Santos Ángeles de Guevavi), which is located to the south along the Santa Cruz River.
The ruins of the mission church are situated amidst a native Sobaipuri or O'odham (Upper Pima) settlement.

Spanish missions in the Sonoran Desert

Spanish missionKino missionsLos Remedios, Imuris, Magdalena, Cocóspera, San Ignacio, Tubutama and Caborca
This visit to this first of the Spanish missions in the Sonoran Desert north of the current international border made this native Sobaipuri settlement the first mission in southern Arizona, or the first Jesuit mission in Arizona, but, contrary to popular notions, not the first mission in Arizona.
In the Spring of 1687, Jesuit missionary named Father Eusebio Francisco Kino lived and worked with the Native Americans (including the Sobaipuri) in the area called the "Pimería Alta," or "Upper Pima Country," which presently is located in northern Sonora and southern Arizona.

Tohono Oʼodham

Tohono O'odhamPapagoO'odham
The Sobaipuri are ancestors to both the Tohono Oʼodham and the Akimel Oʼodham, and they resided along the major rivers of southern Arizona.

Sonora

Sonora, MexicoSonoranSonora State
The Sobaipuri were one of many indigenous groups occupying Sonora and what is now Arizona at the time Europeans first entered the American Southwest.

Piman languages

PimanTepimanOsera (Pima)
They were a Piman or O'odham group who occupied southern Arizona and northern Sonora (the Pimería Alta) in the 15th-19th centuries.

Pimería Alta

Pimeria AltaSpanish Arizona
They were a Piman or O'odham group who occupied southern Arizona and northern Sonora (the Pimería Alta) in the 15th-19th centuries.

Tohono Oʼodham Nation

Tohono O'odham NationPapago Indian TribeTohono O'odham Nation of Arizona
They were a subgroup of the O'odham or Pima, surviving members of which include the residents of San Xavier del Bac which is now part of the Tohono O'odham Nation and the Akimel O'odham.

Hohokam

Hohokam cultureancient IndianHohokam Puebloans
Debate sometimes still arises as to whether the Sobaipuri and other O'odham groups are related to the prehistoric Hohokam who occupied a portion of the same geographic area and were present until about the 15th century.

Francisco Vázquez de Coronado

Francisco Vásquez de CoronadoCoronadoFrancisco Coronado
Marcos de Niza probably encountered this group along the San Pedro River in southeastern Arizona in 1539, although when Francisco Vázquez de Coronado followed less than a year later his party of explorers seems to have turned before reaching the Sobaipuri settlements (Seymour 2009a, 2011a).

Santa Cruz River (Arizona)

Santa Cruz RiverSanta CruzSanta Cruz Valley
Kino traveled north along the Santa Cruz River to San Cayetano de Tumacacori (later moved to the modern location of Tumacácori National Historical Park and renamed), where he found three native-made structures that had been constructed specially for him: a house, a kitchen, and one for saying mass (Bolton 1948).

Tumacácori National Historical Park

Tumacacori National Historical ParkTumacacori National MonumentMission Camp
Kino traveled north along the Santa Cruz River to San Cayetano de Tumacacori (later moved to the modern location of Tumacácori National Historical Park and renamed), where he found three native-made structures that had been constructed specially for him: a house, a kitchen, and one for saying mass (Bolton 1948).

Charles C. Di Peso

The first archaeological work was initiated by Charles C. Di Peso (1953, 1956) of the Amerind Foundation who established a program designed to understand the transition from prehistory to history.

Sonoita, Arizona

Sonoita
Archaeologist Bruce Huckell (1994) documented three archaeological sites in the shadow of the Santa Rita Mountains north of Sonoita, Arizona.

Apache

ApachesApache IndiansApachean
These sites were probably used seasonally for hunting and gathering or possibly as refuge sites to escape Spanish, or possibly Apache, domination.

Ak-Chin Indian Community

Ak ChinAk-ChinAk Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona

History of Phoenix, Arizona

Charter Government CommitteeHistory of PhoenixSalt River Valley Town Association
By the time the first Europeans arrived at the beginning of the 16th century, the two main groups of native Indians who inhabited the area were the O'odham and Sobaipuri tribes.

Phoenix, Arizona

PhoenixPhoenix, AZArizona (Phoenix)
The O'odham were offshoots of the Sobaipuri tribe, who in turn were thought to be the descendants of the Hohokam.