Social enterprise

social enterprisesCommunity Enterprise CentreFreer Spreckleymarket solutions to social problemsnon-profit entrepreneursocial enterprise businesssocial enterprisingsocial franchising companysocial gain initiativessocial-enterprise
A social enterprise is an organization that applies commercial strategies to maximize improvements in financial, social and environmental well-being—this may include maximizing social impact alongside profits for external shareholders.wikipedia
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Triple bottom line

People, Planet, Profittriple-bottom-lineIntegrated bottom line
The 3 principles, now referred to as the triple bottom line were:
An example of an organization seeking a triple bottom line would be a social enterprise run as a non-profit, but earning income by offering opportunities for handicapped people who have been labelled "unemployable", to earn a living by recycling.

Community interest company

CICcommunity interest companiesCIC Trust Organisation
Social enterprises can be structured as a for-profit or non-profit, and may take the form (depending on in which country the entity exists and the legal forms available) of a co-operative, mutual organization, a disregarded entity, a social business, a benefit corporation, a community interest company, a company limited by guarantee or a charity organization.
A community interest company (CIC) is a type of company introduced by the United Kingdom government in 2005 under the Companies (Audit, Investigations and Community Enterprise) Act 2004, designed for social enterprises that want to use their profits and assets for the public good.

Nonprofit organization

non-profitnon-profit organizationnonprofit
Social enterprises can be structured as a for-profit or non-profit, and may take the form (depending on in which country the entity exists and the legal forms available) of a co-operative, mutual organization, a disregarded entity, a social business, a benefit corporation, a community interest company, a company limited by guarantee or a charity organization.
From an academic perspective, social enterprise is, for the most part, considered a sub-set of the nonprofit sector as typically they too are concerned with a purpose relating to a public good.

Social Enterprise London

Social Enterprise Journal
The Social Enterprise Journal has been followed by the Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, and coverage of issues pertaining to the social economy and social enterprise are also covered by the Journal of Co-operative Studies and by the Annals of Co-operative and Public Economics.
Established in 1998, Social Enterprise London (SEL) is the strategic agency for the development of social enterprise in London.

Social entrepreneurship

social entrepreneursocial entrepreneurssocial
However, Oxford University's Said Business School does host the Skoll World Forum, a global event focused on social entrepreneurs.
At times, profit-making social enterprises may be established to support the social or cultural goals of the organization but not as an end in itself.

Social economy

social-economicsocial economistsocial economic
The Social Enterprise Journal has been followed by the Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, and coverage of issues pertaining to the social economy and social enterprise are also covered by the Journal of Co-operative Studies and by the Annals of Co-operative and Public Economics. Teaching related to the social economy draws explicitly from the works of Robert Owen, Proudhon and Karl Marx, with works by Bourdieu and Putnam informing the debate over social capital and its relationship to the competitive advantage of mutuals.
In the UK, the social enterprise movement is where the discussions of much of the social economy are centred, with a Social Economy Alliance created to support an ecosystem of social impact-focused businesses and charities.

Social Enterprise UK

Social Enterprise Coalition
In 2012 Social Enterprise UK ran the 'Not In Our Name' campaign against Salesforce.com, a global software and CRM company, that had begun using the term 'social enterprise' to describe its products and had applied for 'social enterprise' trademarks in the EU, US, Australia, and Jamaica.
It functions as the national membership and campaigning body for the social enterprise movement in Britain.

Social business

Social business enterpriseSocial Business Enterprise (SBE)Socially
Social enterprises can be structured as a for-profit or non-profit, and may take the form (depending on in which country the entity exists and the legal forms available) of a co-operative, mutual organization, a disregarded entity, a social business, a benefit corporation, a community interest company, a company limited by guarantee or a charity organization.

Salesforce.com

SalesforceForce.comSalesforce Ventures
In 2012 Social Enterprise UK ran the 'Not In Our Name' campaign against Salesforce.com, a global software and CRM company, that had begun using the term 'social enterprise' to describe its products and had applied for 'social enterprise' trademarks in the EU, US, Australia, and Jamaica.
In July 2012 Salesforce applied to trademark the term "Social enterprise" in the United States, the European Union and Jamaica where the term was in widespread use to describe businesses with a primarily social purpose.

Happynarae

The Korea Social Enterprise Promotion Agency was established to promote social enterprises, which include Happynarae and Beautiful Store.
Happynarae (Korean: 행복나래) is one of the largest social enterprises in the world and the largest in South Korea.

Low-profit limited liability company

L3Clow-profit limited liability companiesL3C Foundation.
The two main types of hybrid organizations are the L³C, or low-profit limited liability company, and the benefit corporation (B-Corp).
An L3C is a for-profit, social enterprise venture that has a stated goal of performing a socially beneficial purpose, not maximizing income.

Camara (social enterprise)

CamaraCamara (charity)Camara Education
Camara is a social enterprise that sends refurbished computers and provides digital literacy training to schools and other educational institutions in Ethiopia, Kenya, Zambia, Lesotho, Tanzania and Ireland.

HCT Group

CT PlusBristol Community Transportbuses.gg
HCT Group is a social enterprise providing transport services and community services in Bristol, Guernsey, Jersey, London and Yorkshire.

Social firm

social firms
In the British context, social enterprises include community enterprises, credit unions, trading arms of charities, employee-owned businesses, co-operatives, development trusts, housing associations, social firms, and leisure trusts.
Social firm is the British term for a work integration social enterprise (WISE), a business created to employ people who have a disability or are otherwise disadvantaged in the labour market.

Social accounting and audit

social accounting and auditing
Furthermore, it was intended as part of the original concept that social enterprises should plan, measure and report on financial performance, social-wealth creation, and environmental responsibility by the use of a social accounting and audit system.
During the 1970/80s co-operatives and social enterprise in the UK, Europe and USA started to use the term ‘Social Audit’ as a way of describing none financial measurement systems for commercial businesses.

Two Fingers Brewing Co.

Two Fingers Brewing Co. is a craft beer brand and social enterprise, which gives all profits to the charity Prostate Cancer UK.

Fairfield Materials Management Ltd

Fairfield Materials Management Ltd is a Manchester based social enterprise that operates a community waste management project at Manchester’s New Smithfield Market focused on minimising waste, and bringing social and environmental benefits to Greater Manchester.

Tech Trust

Technology Trust
Tech Trust (formerly Charity Technology Trust and Technology Trust) is a UK-based charity and social enterprise that aims to help other charities and not-for-profit organisations increase their impact through more effective use of Information Technology.

Social responsibility

socially responsibleresponsibilityresponsibilities
In recent years, there has been a rise in the concept of social purpose businesses which pursue social responsibility directly, or raise funds for charitable purposes.

Alive & Kicking (social enterprise)

Alive & Kicking
Other development-oriented social enterprises in Kenya include the One Acre Fund, Nuru International and Alive & Kicking, which has produced over 200,000 sports balls from its stitching centre in Nairobi.
Alive and Kicking is an African social enterprise that manufactures sports balls to provide balls for children, create jobs for adults and promote health education through sport.

Beautiful Store

The Korea Social Enterprise Promotion Agency was established to promote social enterprises, which include Happynarae and Beautiful Store.

MicroConsignment

The MicroConsignment Model (MCM) establishes profitable income generating opportunities (and the infrastructure and network for a national, local social enterprise) for primarily women that to date are selling products such as wood-burning stoves, reading glasses, water filters, seeds and gardening techniques and energy efficient lightbulbs to villagers.

Social venture capital

social venture fundsocial impact venturesocial venture funds
Social venture capital is a form of investment funding that is usually funded by a group of social venture capitalists or an impact investor to provide seed-funding investment, usually in a for-profit social enterprise, in return to achieve a reasonable gain in financial return while delivering social impact to the world.

Employee stock ownership

employee stock ownership planemployee-ownedESOP
In the British context, social enterprises include community enterprises, credit unions, trading arms of charities, employee-owned businesses, co-operatives, development trusts, housing associations, social firms, and leisure trusts.
Different forms of employee ownership, and the principles that underlie them, have contributed to the emergence of an international social enterprise movement.

Cooperative

co-operativeco-opcooperatives
Social enterprises can be structured as a for-profit or non-profit, and may take the form (depending on in which country the entity exists and the legal forms available) of a co-operative, mutual organization, a disregarded entity, a social business, a benefit corporation, a community interest company, a company limited by guarantee or a charity organization. In the British context, social enterprises include community enterprises, credit unions, trading arms of charities, employee-owned businesses, co-operatives, development trusts, housing associations, social firms, and leisure trusts.
In the final year of the 20th century, cooperatives banded together to establish a number of social enterprise agencies which have moved to adopt the multi-stakeholder cooperative model.