Social research and methods

social researchsociological researchsociological analysisresearchsocialSocial Research Methodologysocial surveyssocial science researchmethodsresearch center
= Social Research = Social research is a method of research used to gather information about people and societies.wikipedia
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Sociology

sociologistsociologicalsociologists
Statistical sociological research, and indeed the formal academic discipline of sociology, began with the work of Émile Durkheim (1858–1917).
Social researchers draw upon a variety of qualitative and quantitative techniques.

Émile Durkheim

DurkheimEmile DurkheimDurkheimian
Statistical sociological research, and indeed the formal academic discipline of sociology, began with the work of Émile Durkheim (1858–1917).
Durkheim's seminal monograph, Suicide (1897), a study of suicide rates in Catholic and Protestant populations, pioneered modern social research and served to distinguish social science from psychology and political philosophy.

Bureau of Applied Social Research

Bureau for Applied Social ResearchBureau for Social Research
Paul Lazarsfeld founded Columbia University's Bureau of Applied Social Research, where he exerted a tremendous influence over the techniques and the organization of social research.
The Bureau of Applied Social Research was a social research institute at Columbia University which specialised in mass communications research.

Paul Lazarsfeld

Paul Felix LazarsfeldLazarsfeldPaul F. Lazarsfeld
Paul Lazarsfeld founded Columbia University's Bureau of Applied Social Research, where he exerted a tremendous influence over the techniques and the organization of social research.
The founder of Columbia University's Bureau of Applied Social Research, he exerted influence over the techniques and the organization of social research.

Auguste Comte

ComteComteanAuguste Compte
While Durkheim rejected much of the detail of Auguste Comte's philosophy, he retained and refined its method, maintaining that the social sciences are a logical continuation of the natural ones into the realm of human activity, and insisting that they may retain the same objectivity, rationalism, and approach to causality.
His concept of sociologie and social evolutionism set the tone for early social theorists and anthropologists such as Harriet Martineau and Herbert Spencer, evolving into modern academic sociology presented by Émile Durkheim as practical and objective social research.

Positivism

positivistpositivisticpositivists
Social research began most intentionally, however, with the positivist philosophy of science in the early 19th century. These disputes relate to the historical core of social theory (positivism and antipositivism; structure and agency).
Émile Durkheim (1858–1917) reformulated sociological positivism as a foundation of social research.

Antipositivism

antipositivistinterpretivismanti-positivist
These disputes relate to the historical core of social theory (positivism and antipositivism; structure and agency).
The enhanced positivism of Émile Durkheim served as foundation of modern academic sociology and social research, yet retained many mechanical elements of its predecessor.

Social science

social sciencessocial scientistsocial
There are no laws in social science that parallel the laws in natural science.
The term "social research" has also acquired a degree of autonomy as practitioners from various disciplines share in its aims and methods.

Philosophy of science

philosopher of sciencephilosophers of sciencephilosophy
Social research began most intentionally, however, with the positivist philosophy of science in the early 19th century.
Comte's positivism established the initial philosophical foundations for formal sociology and social research.

Survey (human research)

surveysurvey researchsurveys
Surveys are used to increase knowledge in fields such as social research and demography.

Quantitative marketing research

quantitativequantitative researchtheoretical sampling error
As a social research method, it typically involves the construction of questionnaires and scales.

University of Frankfurt Institute for Social Research

Institute for Social ResearchInstitut für SozialforschungInstitut fur Sozialforschung
The Institute for Social Research (Institut für Sozialforschung, IfS) is a research organization for sociology and continental philosophy, best known as the institutional home of the Frankfurt School and critical theory.

Mass-Observation

Mass ObservationMass-Observation ArchiveMass Observation Archive (MOA)
Mass-Observation was a United Kingdom social research organisation founded in 1937.

NORC at the University of Chicago

National Opinion Research CenterNORCNational Opinion Research Center (NOR)
NORC at the University of Chicago is one of the largest independent social research organizations in the United States.

Life history (sociology)

life historiesLife historylife and family histories
The narrative interview as a method for conducting open narrative interviews in empirical social research was developed in Germany around 1975.

Survey methodology

surveysurveysstatistical survey
The origin of the survey can be traced back as early as the Domesday Book in 1086, while some scholars pinpoint the origin of demography to 1663 with the publication of John Graunt's Natural and Political Observations upon the Bills of Mortality.

Domesday Book

Domesday SurveyDomesdayDoomsday Book
The origin of the survey can be traced back as early as the Domesday Book in 1086, while some scholars pinpoint the origin of demography to 1663 with the publication of John Graunt's Natural and Political Observations upon the Bills of Mortality.

Demography

demographicdemographicsdemographer
The origin of the survey can be traced back as early as the Domesday Book in 1086, while some scholars pinpoint the origin of demography to 1663 with the publication of John Graunt's Natural and Political Observations upon the Bills of Mortality.

John Graunt

Graunt, JohnGrauntCapt. John Graunt
The origin of the survey can be traced back as early as the Domesday Book in 1086, while some scholars pinpoint the origin of demography to 1663 with the publication of John Graunt's Natural and Political Observations upon the Bills of Mortality.

University of Bordeaux

Bordeaux UniversityUniversité de BordeauxBordeaux
Durkheim set up the first European department of sociology at the University of Bordeaux in 1895, publishing his Rules of the Sociological Method (1895).

The Rules of Sociological Method

Rules of the Sociological MethodThe Rules of the Sociological Method
Durkheim set up the first European department of sociology at the University of Bordeaux in 1895, publishing his Rules of the Sociological Method (1895).

Louis Leon Thurstone

ThurstoneLouis ThurstoneL.L. Thurstone
In 1928, the psychologist Louis Leon Thurstone developed a method to select and score multiple items with which to measure complex ideas, such as attitudes towards religion.

Columbia University

ColumbiaColumbia CollegeUniversity of Columbia
Paul Lazarsfeld founded Columbia University's Bureau of Applied Social Research, where he exerted a tremendous influence over the techniques and the organization of social research.

Structure and agency

social ontologyagencyagency and structure
These disputes relate to the historical core of social theory (positivism and antipositivism; structure and agency).