Social science

social sciencessocial scientistsocialsocial scientistssocial scientificsocial-scienceSocial and Behavioral SciencesSOSESocial Studiessocial-scientific
Social science is a category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.wikipedia
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Social relation

social interactionsocial relationssocial interactions
Social science is a category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
In social science, a social relation or social interaction is any relationship between two or more individuals.

Society

societiessocialsocietal
Social science is a category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
In the social sciences, a larger society often exhibits stratification or dominance patterns in subgroups.

Archaeology

archaeologistarchaeologicalarchaeologists
These social sciences include, but are not limited to: anthropology, archaeology, communication studies, economics, history, human geography, jurisprudence, linguistics, political science, psychology, public health, and sociology.
Archaeology can be considered both a social science and a branch of the humanities.

Jurisprudence

lawlegal studiesjuridical
These social sciences include, but are not limited to: anthropology, archaeology, communication studies, economics, history, human geography, jurisprudence, linguistics, political science, psychology, public health, and sociology.
Jurisprudence or legal theory is the theoretical study of law, principally by philosophers but, from the twentieth century, also by social scientists.

Sociology

sociologistsociologicalsociologists
These social sciences include, but are not limited to: anthropology, archaeology, communication studies, economics, history, human geography, jurisprudence, linguistics, political science, psychology, public health, and sociology.
It is a social science that uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about social order, acceptance, and change or social evolution.

Psychology

psychologicalpsychologistpsychologists
These social sciences include, but are not limited to: anthropology, archaeology, communication studies, economics, history, human geography, jurisprudence, linguistics, political science, psychology, public health, and sociology.
As a social science it aims to understand individuals and groups by establishing general principles and researching specific cases.

Outline of social science

Social sciencesSocial science
For a more detailed list of sub-disciplines within the social sciences see: Outline of social science.
Social science – branch of science concerned with society and human behaviors.

Social research

sociological researchsociological analysisresearch
The term "social research" has also acquired a degree of autonomy as practitioners from various disciplines share in its aims and methods.
Social research is a research conducted by social scientists following a systematic plan.

History

historical recordshistoricalhistoric
These social sciences include, but are not limited to: anthropology, archaeology, communication studies, economics, history, human geography, jurisprudence, linguistics, political science, psychology, public health, and sociology.
The study of history has sometimes been classified as part of the humanities and at other times as part of the social sciences.

Experiment

experimentalexperimentationexperiments
The social sciences developed from the sciences (experimental and applied), or the systematic knowledge-bases or prescriptive practices, relating to the social improvement of a group of interacting entities.
Uses of experiments vary considerably between the natural and human sciences.

Science

scientificsciencesscientific knowledge
The social sciences developed from the sciences (experimental and applied), or the systematic knowledge-bases or prescriptive practices, relating to the social improvement of a group of interacting entities.
Modern science is typically divided into three major branches that consist of the natural sciences (e.g., biology, chemistry, and physics), which study nature in the broadest sense; the social sciences (e.g., economics, psychology, and sociology), which study individuals and societies; and the formal sciences (e.g., logic, mathematics, and theoretical computer science), which study abstract concepts.

Émile Durkheim

DurkheimEmile DurkheimDurkheimian
Another route undertaken was initiated by Émile Durkheim, studying "social facts", and Vilfredo Pareto, opening metatheoretical ideas and individual theories.
He formally established the academic discipline and—with W. E. B. Du Bois, Karl Marx and Max Weber—is commonly cited as the principal architect of modern social science.

Verstehen

interpretative sociologyinterpretivetruth above positivism
The last path was the correlation of knowledge and social values; the antipositivism and verstehen sociology of Max Weber firmly demanded this distinction.
Verstehen (, literally: "to understand"), in the context of German philosophy and social sciences in general, has been used since the late 19th century – in English as in German – with the particular sense of the "interpretive or participatory" examination of social phenomena.

History of science

historian of sciencemodern sciencehistory
Positivist social scientists use methods resembling those of the natural sciences as tools for understanding society, and so define science in its stricter modern sense.
The history of science is the study of the development of science and scientific knowledge, including both the natural and social sciences (the history of the arts and humanities is termed history of scholarship).

Anthropology

anthropologistanthropologicalanthropologists
These social sciences include, but are not limited to: anthropology, archaeology, communication studies, economics, history, human geography, jurisprudence, linguistics, political science, psychology, public health, and sociology.
Anthropology builds upon knowledge from natural sciences, including the discoveries about the origin and evolution of Homo sapiens, human physical traits, human behavior, the variations among different groups of humans, how the evolutionary past of Homo sapiens has influenced its social organization and culture, and from social sciences, including the organization of human social and cultural relations, institutions, social conflicts, etc.

Communication studies

communicationscommunicationcommunication sciences
These social sciences include, but are not limited to: anthropology, archaeology, communication studies, economics, history, human geography, jurisprudence, linguistics, political science, psychology, public health, and sociology.
As a social science, the discipline overlaps with sociology, psychology, anthropology, biology, political science, economics, and public policy.

Qualitative research

qualitativequalitative methodsqualitative analysis
In modern academic practice, researchers are often eclectic, using multiple methodologies (for instance, by combining both quantitative and qualitative research).
Qualitative research approaches are employed across many academic disciplines, focusing particularly on the human elements of the social and natural sciences; in less academic contexts, areas of application include qualitative market research, business, service demonstrations by non-profits, and journalism.

Economics

economiceconomisteconomic theory
These social sciences include, but are not limited to: anthropology, archaeology, communication studies, economics, history, human geography, jurisprudence, linguistics, political science, psychology, public health, and sociology.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.

Development studies

developmentBachelor of Development StudiesMaster of Development Studies
Development studies a multidisciplinary branch of social science that addresses issues of concern to developing countries.
Development studies is an multidisciplinary branch of social science.

Area studies

regional studiesarea studystudying
Area studies are interdisciplinary fields of research and scholarship pertaining to particular geographical, national/federal, or cultural regions.
The term exists primarily as a general description for what are, in the practice of scholarship, many heterogeneous fields of research, encompassing both the social sciences and the humanities.

Criminology

criminologistcriminologistscriminological
For example, social stratification studies inequality and class structure; demography studies changes in a population size or type; criminology examines criminal behaviour and deviance; and political sociology studies the interaction between society and state.
Criminology is an interdisciplinary field in both the behavioral and social sciences, drawing primarily upon the research of sociologists, psychologists, philosophers, psychiatrists, biologists, social anthropologists, as well as scholars of law.

Hard and soft science

hard sciencehard sciencessoft sciences
The fourth route taken, based in economics, was developed and furthered economic knowledge as a hard science.
Roughly speaking, the natural sciences (e.g. biology, chemistry, physics) are considered "hard", whereas the social sciences (e.g. economics, psychology, sociology) are usually described as "soft".

Social work

social workersocial servicessocial service
Social work applies social sciences, such as sociology, psychology, political science, public health, community development, law, and economics, to engage with client systems, conduct assessments, and develop interventions to solve social and personal problems; and create social change.

Community

communitiescommunalsmall community
The social sciences developed from the sciences (experimental and applied), or the systematic knowledge-bases or prescriptive practices, relating to the social improvement of a group of interacting entities.
The second meaning is similar to the usage of the term in other social sciences: a community is a group of people living near one another who interact socially.

Academic journal

journaljournalsacademic journals
Social science disciplines are defined and recognized by the academic journals in which research is published, and the learned social science societies and academic departments or faculties to which their practitioners belong.
Scientific journals and journals of the quantitative social sciences vary in form and function from journals of the humanities and qualitative social sciences; their specific aspects are separately discussed.