Social security

social security systemsocial insurancestate benefitsconcession holderssocial benefitssocial protectionsocial-securitystate benefitwelfareSSS
Social security is "any government system that provides monetary assistance to people with an inadequate or no income".wikipedia
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Social Security (United States)

Social SecuritySocial Security ActSocial Security System
In the United States, the term Social Security refers to the US social insurance program for all retired and disabled people.
A limited form of the Social Security program began, during President Franklin D. Roosevelt's first term, as a measure to implement "social insurance" during the Great Depression of the 1930s.

Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1952

Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention (nr. 102)
In its 1952 Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention (nr. 102), the International Labour Organization (ILO) defined the traditional contingencies covered by social security as including:
Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1952 is an International Labour Organization Convention on social security and protection at the contingencies that include any morbid condition, whatever its cause and pregnancy.[Article 8]

Tax

taxationtaxeslevy
The taxes (including Zakat and Jizya) collected in the treasury of an Islamic government were used to provide income for the needy, including the poor, elderly, orphans, widowed persons, and the disabled.
Historically, taxes on the poor supported the nobility; modern social-security systems aim to support the poor, the disabled, or the retired by taxes on those who are still working.

Minimum wage

minimum wagesminimum-wagefederal minimum wage
People who cannot reach a guaranteed social minimum for other reasons may be eligible for social assistance (or welfare, in American English).
A basic income (or negative income tax - NIT) is a system of social security that periodically provides each citizen with a sum of money that is sufficient to live on frugally.

Transfer payment

transfer paymentstransfermoney transfer
There is relatively little statistical data on transfer payments before the High Middle Ages.
Examples of transfer payments include welfare, financial aid, social security, and government making subsidies for certain businesses.

National Insurance

National Insurance ContributionsMinistry of National InsuranceNational Health Insurance Commission
In Great Britain the Liberal government of Henry Campbell-Bannerman and David Lloyd George introduced the National Insurance system in 1911, a system later expanded by Clement Attlee.
It acts as a form of social security, since payment of NI contributions establishes entitlement to certain state benefits for workers and their families.

Poor Law Amendment Act 1834

Poor Law Amendment ActNew Poor LawPoor Law
This system was substantially modified by the 19th-century Poor Law Amendment Act, which introduced the system of workhouses.
It completely replaced earlier legislation based on the Poor Law of 1601 and attempted to fundamentally change the poverty relief system in England and Wales (similar changes were made to the poor law for Scotland in 1845).

Social safety net

safety netsafety netssocial democratic reforms
In the United States, this is usually called welfare or a social safety net, especially when talking about Canada and European countries.

Social security in France

social securityFrench national health insurance officeSocial Security contributions in France
From an institutional point of view, French social security is made up of diverse organismes.

Government spending

public spendingpublic fundspublic investment
Even then, Roosevelt's New Deal focused predominantly on a program of providing work and stimulating the economy through public spending on projects, rather than on cash payment.
Government expenditures that are not acquisition of goods and services, and which represent transfers of money such as social security payments, are called transfer payments.

Unemployment benefits

unemployment insuranceunemployment compensationunemployment benefit
International Labour Organization has adopted the Employment Promotion and Protection against Unemployment Convention, 1988 for promotion of employment against unemployment and social security including unemployment benefit.

Bayt al-mal

treasuryBeit-el-malpublic treasury
(See Bayt al-mal for further information.)
Umar's innovative welfare reforms during the Rashidun Caliphate included the introduction of social security.

Mexican Social Security Institute

IMSSInstituto Mexicano del Seguro SocialMexican Institute of Social Security
The Mexican Institute of Social Security (Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, IMSS) is a governmental organization that assists public health, pensions and social security in Mexico operating under the Secretariat of Health.

Social Security Organisation

Social Security OrganizationSocial Security Organization (Iran)Social Security Investment Company
Iran did not legislate in favour of a universal social protection, but in 1996, the Centre for Statistics of Iran estimated that more than 73% of the Iranian population was covered by social security.

Social programs in sub-Saharan Africa

Countries across Africa are at different stages of creating comprehensive and inclusive social security systems.

Welfare state in the United Kingdom

welfare statewelfarewelfare benefits
The welfare state of the United Kingdom comprises expenditures by the government of the United Kingdom intended to improve health, education, employment and social security.

Poverty

poorlow-incomeindigent
The taxes (including Zakat and Jizya) collected in the treasury of an Islamic government were used to provide income for the needy, including the poor, elderly, orphans, widowed persons, and the disabled.
A basic income (or negative income tax) is a system of social security, that periodically provides each citizen, rich or poor, with a sum of money that is sufficient to live on.

Social Insurance Institute

IKASocial Security Institute
The Social Insurance Institute (Ίδρυμα Κοινωνικών Ασφαλίσεων, IKA) was the largest, state based, social security organization in Greece: its beneficiaries were 5,530,000 members of the Greek employed population and 830,000 pensioners.

Bituah Leumi

National Insurance InstituteInstitute for National Insurancenational insurance
Bituah Leumi (המוסד לביטוח לאומי, HaMossad LeVituach Leumi, the National Insurance Institute of Israel), is Israel's national social security agency.

Welfare in Poland

Social insurance and welfare systemsocial security
* Poland Welfare in Poland
The Constitution of Poland states that all citizens have the right to social security in case of being unable to find a job, reaching the retirement age, or suffering from inability to work due to illness or disability.

Clement Attlee

AttleeEarl AttleeAttlee government
In Great Britain the Liberal government of Henry Campbell-Bannerman and David Lloyd George introduced the National Insurance system in 1911, a system later expanded by Clement Attlee.
It set in place an entirely new system of social security.

Welfare

social welfarepublic assistancesocial assistance
People who cannot reach a guaranteed social minimum for other reasons may be eligible for social assistance (or welfare, in American English). In simple terms, the signatories agree that the society in which a person lives should help them to develop and to make the most of all the advantages (culture, work, social welfare) which are offered to them in the country.
Welfare may be provided to people of any income level, as with social security (and is then often called a social safety net), but it is usually intended to ensure that people can meet their basic human needs such as food and shelter.

International Social Security Association

ISSA
The International Social Security Association (ISSA) is an international organization bringing together national social security administrations and agencies.

Right to social security

The right to social security is recognized as a human right and establishes the right to social security assistance for those unable to work due to sickness, disability, maternity, employment injury, unemployment or old age.