Social support

supportinterpersonal supportsocialattentiveemotional and social supportmutual supportsocial connectionsocial needsocial-supportsocio-emotional support
Social support is the perception and actuality that one is cared for, has assistance available from other people, and most popularly, that one is part of a supportive social network.wikipedia
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Psychiatric rehabilitation

rehabilitationpsychosocial rehabilitationrehab
Social support is studied across a wide range of disciplines including psychology, medicine, sociology, nursing, public health, education, rehabilitation, and social work.
These services often "combine pharmacologic treatment (often required for program admission), independent living and social skills training, psychological support to clients and their families, housing, vocational rehabilitation and employment, social support and network enhancement and access to leisure activities.The key role of professionals to generate insight about the illness with the help of demonstration of symptoms and prognosis to the patients. There is often a focus on challenging stigma and prejudice to enable social inclusion, on working collaboratively in order to empower clients, and sometimes on a goal of full recovery. The latter is now widely known as a recovery approach or model. Recovery is a process rather than an outcome. It is a personal journey that is about the rediscovery of self in the process of learning to live with the debilitations of the illness rather than being defined by illness with hope, planning and community engagement.

Social connection

social connectednessconnectioncloseness
Structural support (also called social integration) refers to the extent to which a recipient is connected within a social network, like the number of social ties or how integrated a person is within his or her social network.
Social support is the help, advice, and comfort that we receive from those with whom we have stable, positive relationships.

Health

human healthphysical healthwellness
These different types of social support have different patterns of correlations with health, personality, and personal relationships.

Invisible support

Some have suggested that invisible support, a form of support where the person has support without his or her awareness, may be the most beneficial.
In psychology, invisible support is a type of social support in which supportive exchanges are not visible to recipients.

Chronic pain

chronicpainChronic pain syndrome
Additionally, social support has been associated with various acute and chronic pain variables (for more information, see Chronic pain).
Pain intensity, pain control, and resiliency to pain are influenced by different levels and types of social support that a person with chronic pain receives.

Coping

coping mechanismcoping strategiescope
According to this theory, social support protects people from the bad health effects of stressful events (i.e., stress buffering) by influencing how people think about and cope with the events.
Social coping recognises that individuals are bedded within a social environment, which can be stressful, but also is the source of coping resources, such as seeking social support from others.

Peer support

support networkpeer-to-peerPeer Recovery
Peer support is distinct from other forms of social support in that the source of support is a peer, a person who is similar in fundamental ways to the recipient of the support; their relationship is one of equality.

Interpersonal emotion regulation

regulation of other people's feelings
Intrinsic interpersonal emotion regulation involves managing one's own emotions through social interaction, such as seeking social support or reassurance from others.

Psychological stress

stressstressfulmental stress
The main difference between these two hypotheses is that the direct effects hypothesis predicts that social support is beneficial all the time, while the buffering hypothesis predicts that social support is mostly beneficial during stressful times.
Researchers have long been interested in how an individual's level and types of social support impact the effect of stress on their health.

Narcissistic supply

admirationattendance on her leavesupplies
Narcissistic supply is a concept introduced into psychoanalytic theory by Otto Fenichel in 1938, to describe a type of admiration, interpersonal support or sustenance drawn by an individual from his or her environment and essential to their self-esteem.

Social Support Questionnaire

Degree of social support has been shown to influence the onset and course of certain psychiatric disorders such as clinical depression or schizophrenia.

Social undermining

underminingunderminedBottom line mentality
Research has shown that social undermining exists in a separate and distinct continuum when looking at positive workplace behavior (e.g. social support).

Tend and befriend

affiliationtend-and-befriendaffiliation cues
Shelley Taylor and her colleagues have suggested that these gender differences in social support may stem from the biological difference between men and women in how they respond to stress (i.e., flight or fight versus tend and befriend).
Women and adolescent girls report more sources of social support and are more likely to turn to same-sex peers for support than men or boys are.

Social network

networknetworkingnetworks
Social support is the perception and actuality that one is cared for, has assistance available from other people, and most popularly, that one is part of a supportive social network.

Psychology

psychologicalpsychologistpsychologists
Social support is studied across a wide range of disciplines including psychology, medicine, sociology, nursing, public health, education, rehabilitation, and social work.

Medicine

medicalmedical scienceclinical medicine
Social support is studied across a wide range of disciplines including psychology, medicine, sociology, nursing, public health, education, rehabilitation, and social work.

Sociology

sociologistsociologicalsociologists
Social support is studied across a wide range of disciplines including psychology, medicine, sociology, nursing, public health, education, rehabilitation, and social work.

Nursing

nursenursesstaff nurse
Social support is studied across a wide range of disciplines including psychology, medicine, sociology, nursing, public health, education, rehabilitation, and social work.

Public health

Community MedicinehealthSchool of Public Health
Social support is studied across a wide range of disciplines including psychology, medicine, sociology, nursing, public health, education, rehabilitation, and social work.

Education

teachingeducationaleducationist
Social support is studied across a wide range of disciplines including psychology, medicine, sociology, nursing, public health, education, rehabilitation, and social work.

Social work

social workersocial servicessocial service
Social support is studied across a wide range of disciplines including psychology, medicine, sociology, nursing, public health, education, rehabilitation, and social work.

Gender

gender issuessexgenders
Gender and cultural differences in social support have been found in fields such as education "which may not control for age, disability, income and social status, ethnic and racial, or other significant factors".

Culture

culturalculturesculturally
Gender and cultural differences in social support have been found in fields such as education "which may not control for age, disability, income and social status, ethnic and racial, or other significant factors".

Personality

personalitieshuman personalitypersonal characteristics
These different types of social support have different patterns of correlations with health, personality, and personal relationships.

Interpersonal relationship

relationshiprelationshipsinterpersonal relationships
These different types of social support have different patterns of correlations with health, personality, and personal relationships.