Society for German Colonization

colonization groupSociety for German Colonisation
The Society for German Colonization (Gesellschaft für Deutsche Kolonisation, GfdK) was founded on 28 March 1884 in Berlin by Carl Peters.wikipedia
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Carl Peters

Karl PetersPetersalleetitular German colonial leader
The Society for German Colonization (Gesellschaft für Deutsche Kolonisation, GfdK) was founded on 28 March 1884 in Berlin by Carl Peters.
When he returned to Berlin he initiated the Society for German Colonization (Gesellschaft für Deutsche Kolonisation) pressure group for the acquisition of colonies.

Sultanate of Zanzibar

ZanzibarZanzibar SultanateSultan of Zanzibar
In the autumn of 1884 he proceeded, together with his friend Karl Ludwig Jühlke and Count Joachim von Pfeil, to the Sultanate of Zanzibar.
That year, however, the Society for German Colonization forced local chiefs on the mainland to agree to German protection, prompting Sultan Bargash bin Said to protest.

Joachim von Pfeil

In the autumn of 1884 he proceeded, together with his friend Karl Ludwig Jühlke and Count Joachim von Pfeil, to the Sultanate of Zanzibar.
In 1884, having entered the employ of the Society for German Colonization, Pfeil went to East Africa with Carl Peters and Karl Ludwig Jühlke, and in 1886 succeeded the latter as general manager of the company in Somaliland.

German East Africa

East AfricaGerman colonial ruleGerman
Bismarck found himself constrained to send a squadron of Imperial Navy gunboats under Admiral Eduard von Knorr to the port of Zanzibar, whereafter the sultan relented and on 20 December 1885 signed a "treaty of friendship" recognising the acquisitions of German East Africa.
The colony began when Carl Peters, an adventurer who founded the Society for German Colonization, signed treaties with several native chieftains on the mainland opposite Zanzibar.

Abushiri revolt

resulted in some unrestrevolt along the coastThe Germans were almost driven out of the area in 1888
However, Peters' ongoing impetuous advance caused further unrest, culminating in the Abushiri Revolt of 1888/89.
In late 1884, an expedition of the Society for German Colonization, led by Carl Peters, had reached Zanzibar and made the local chiefs on the opposite mainland sign "protection contracts" promising vast areas to his organisation.

German East Africa Company

Deutsch-Ostafrikanische GesellschaftGerman East African Company
On 2 April 1885 Peters formed the German East Africa Company (Deutsch-Ostafrikanische Gesellschaft, DOAG), modelled on the East India Company.
The Company originated in 1884 as the Gesellschaft für deutsche Kolonisation (Society for German Colonisation) with the aim of trading in Africa.

German Colonial Society

Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft
The DOAG superseded the Gesellschaft für Deutsche Kolonisation which was merged in 1887 with the into the German Colonial Society (Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft).
The Society was formed through the merger of the (Deutscher Kolonialverein; established in 1882 in Frankfurt) and the Society for German Colonization (Gesellschaft für Deutsche Kolonialisation; established in 1884).

German colonial empire

German colonyGermany's colonial empireGerman colonies
In eastern Africa the imperialist and "man-of-action" Karl Peters accumulated vast tracts of land for his colonization group, "emerging from the bush with X-marks [affixed by unlettered tribal chiefs] on documents ... for some 60 thousand square miles of the Zanzibar Sultanate’s mainland property."

Berlin

Berlin, GermanyState of BerlinGerman capital
The Society for German Colonization (Gesellschaft für Deutsche Kolonisation, GfdK) was founded on 28 March 1884 in Berlin by Carl Peters.

Colony

coloniescolonialcolonized
Its goal was to accumulate capital for the acquisition of German colonial territories in overseas countries.

London

London, EnglandLondon, United KingdomLondon, UK
Peters had just returned from London, where he lived with his well-off uncle Carl Engel and studied the principles of British colonialism.

Carl Engel (musicologist)

Carl Engel
Peters had just returned from London, where he lived with his well-off uncle Carl Engel and studied the principles of British colonialism.

Colonialism

colonialcolonial powerscolonialist
Peters had just returned from London, where he lived with his well-off uncle Carl Engel and studied the principles of British colonialism.

Mashonaland

Mashonaland rebellionMashonaland DistrictMashonaland Province
Peters had initially planned to prospect for gold in Southern African Mashonaland (in present-day Zimbabwe) but discovered that the territory had already been overrun by the British.

Zimbabwe

🇿🇼 ZimbabweanRepublic of Zimbabwe
Peters had initially planned to prospect for gold in Southern African Mashonaland (in present-day Zimbabwe) but discovered that the territory had already been overrun by the British.

German Empire

GermanyGermanImperial Germany
Peters' Zanzibar expedition was a nuisance to the German government of Chancellor Bismarck, focused on good relations with both Sultan Barghash bin Said and the British Empire, and the German consul Gerhard Rohlfs made that clear to him.

Otto von Bismarck

BismarckChancellor BismarckPrince Bismarck
Peters' Zanzibar expedition was a nuisance to the German government of Chancellor Bismarck, focused on good relations with both Sultan Barghash bin Said and the British Empire, and the German consul Gerhard Rohlfs made that clear to him.

Barghash bin Said of Zanzibar

Barghash bin SaidBarghash ibn Sa'idBarghash
Peters' Zanzibar expedition was a nuisance to the German government of Chancellor Bismarck, focused on good relations with both Sultan Barghash bin Said and the British Empire, and the German consul Gerhard Rohlfs made that clear to him.

Friedrich Gerhard Rohlfs

Gerhard RohlfsFriedrich Rohlf
Peters' Zanzibar expedition was a nuisance to the German government of Chancellor Bismarck, focused on good relations with both Sultan Barghash bin Said and the British Empire, and the German consul Gerhard Rohlfs made that clear to him.

John Kirk (explorer)

John KirkSir John KirkDr. John Kirk
Peters, Jühlke and von Pfeil, suspiciously eyed by the British envoy John Kirk, thereupon embarked to the East African Tanganyika mainland.

Tanganyika

Republic of TanganyikamainlandTanzania Mainland
Peters, Jühlke and von Pfeil, suspiciously eyed by the British envoy John Kirk, thereupon embarked to the East African Tanganyika mainland.

Ussagara

During their journey in November and December 1884, Peters concluded several "treaties of protection" (Schutzverträge) with tribal chiefs in the Useguha, Ussagara, Nguru, and Ukami regions as a "Representative of German Colonization".

Nguru Mountains

NguruMkingu Forest Nature ReserveNguru South
During their journey in November and December 1884, Peters concluded several "treaties of protection" (Schutzverträge) with tribal chiefs in the Useguha, Ussagara, Nguru, and Ukami regions as a "Representative of German Colonization".

Berlin Conference

Conference of BerlinBerlin Conference (1884)Berlin West Africa Conference
Bismarck meanwhile had developed his own colonial strategies and from 15 November 1884 hosted the Berlin Conference that fuelled the "Scramble for Africa".

Scramble for Africa

Partition of AfricaEuropean colonizationEuropean colonization of Africa
Bismarck meanwhile had developed his own colonial strategies and from 15 November 1884 hosted the Berlin Conference that fuelled the "Scramble for Africa".