Sociological theory

sociologicalsociological paradigmTheoretical sociologysociological theoriesclassical sociologySocial TheoryClassical theoriesneoclassical social theorysociological frameworkTheory
Sociological theories are statements of how and why particular facts about the social world are related.wikipedia
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Anthony Giddens

GiddensGiddens, AnthonyLord Giddens
Prominent social theorists include: Jürgen Habermas, Anthony Giddens, Michel Foucault, Dorothy Smith, Roberto Unger, Alfred Schütz, Jeffrey Alexander, and Jacques Derrida.
He has written commentaries on most leading schools and figures and has used most sociological paradigms in both micro and macrosociology.

Structure and agency

social ontologyagencyagency and structure
The consensus on the central theoretical problems is: how to link, transcend or cope with the following "big three" dichotomies: subjectivity and objectivity, structure and agency, and synchrony and diachrony.
The debate over the primacy of structure or of agency relates to an issue at the heart of both classical and contemporary sociological theory: the question of social ontology: "What is the social world made of?"

Social theory

social theoristsocial theoriessocial analysis
Kenneth Allan proposed the distinction between sociological theory and social theory.

Dramaturgy (sociology)

dramaturgydramaturgical perspectivedramaturgical
Dramaturgy or dramaturgical perspective is a specialized symbolic interactionism paradigm developed by Erving Goffman, seeing life as a performance.
Dramaturgical perspective is one of several sociological paradigms separated from other sociological theories because it does not examine the cause of human behavior but it analyzes the context.

Normalization process theory

normalization processesNormalization
Normalization process theory (NPT) is a sociological theory in the field of science and technology studies (STS).

Resource mobilization

resource mobilization theorymobilizationmobilize change
It is a major sociological theory in the study of social movements which emerged in the 1970s.

Paradigm

paradigmsparadigmaticscientific paradigm
They range in scope from concise descriptions of a single social process to paradigms for analysis and interpretation.

Interpretation (philosophy)

interpretationinterpretationsconceptual interpretation
They range in scope from concise descriptions of a single social process to paradigms for analysis and interpretation.

Sociology

sociologistsociologicalsociologists
Some sociological theories explain aspects of the social world and enable prediction about future events, while others function as broad perspectives which guide further sociological analyses.

Scientific method

scientific researchscientificmethod
It often heavily relies on the scientific method, which aims for objectivity, and attempts to avoid passing value judgments.

Objectivity (philosophy)

objectiveobjectivityobjective reality
It often heavily relies on the scientific method, which aims for objectivity, and attempts to avoid passing value judgments. Social theory is often closer to Continental philosophy; thus, it is less concerned with objectivity and derivation of testable propositions, and more likely to pass normative judgments.

Value judgment

value judgementvalue-neutraljudgment
It often heavily relies on the scientific method, which aims for objectivity, and attempts to avoid passing value judgments.

Modernity

modernmodern societymodern life
In contrast, social theory, according to Allan, focuses on commentary and critique of modern society rather than explanation.

Continental philosophy

Continentalcontinental philosophercontinental philosophers
Social theory is often closer to Continental philosophy; thus, it is less concerned with objectivity and derivation of testable propositions, and more likely to pass normative judgments.

Talcott Parsons

ParsonsParsonianParsons, Talcot
Prominent sociological theorists include Talcott Parsons, Robert K. Merton, Randall Collins, James Samuel Coleman, Peter Blau, Niklas Luhmann, Marshal McLuhan, Immanuel Wallerstein, George Homans, Harrison White, Theda Skocpol, Gerhard Lenski, Pierre van den Berghe and Jonathan H. Turner.

Robert K. Merton

Robert MertonMertonMerton's theory of deviance
Prominent sociological theorists include Talcott Parsons, Robert K. Merton, Randall Collins, James Samuel Coleman, Peter Blau, Niklas Luhmann, Marshal McLuhan, Immanuel Wallerstein, George Homans, Harrison White, Theda Skocpol, Gerhard Lenski, Pierre van den Berghe and Jonathan H. Turner.

Randall Collins

Prominent sociological theorists include Talcott Parsons, Robert K. Merton, Randall Collins, James Samuel Coleman, Peter Blau, Niklas Luhmann, Marshal McLuhan, Immanuel Wallerstein, George Homans, Harrison White, Theda Skocpol, Gerhard Lenski, Pierre van den Berghe and Jonathan H. Turner.

James Samuel Coleman

James S. ColemanJames ColemanColeman Report
Prominent sociological theorists include Talcott Parsons, Robert K. Merton, Randall Collins, James Samuel Coleman, Peter Blau, Niklas Luhmann, Marshal McLuhan, Immanuel Wallerstein, George Homans, Harrison White, Theda Skocpol, Gerhard Lenski, Pierre van den Berghe and Jonathan H. Turner.

Peter Blau

Peter M. BlauPeter Michael BlauBlau, Peter M.
Prominent sociological theorists include Talcott Parsons, Robert K. Merton, Randall Collins, James Samuel Coleman, Peter Blau, Niklas Luhmann, Marshal McLuhan, Immanuel Wallerstein, George Homans, Harrison White, Theda Skocpol, Gerhard Lenski, Pierre van den Berghe and Jonathan H. Turner.

Niklas Luhmann

LuhmannLuhmann, N.Luhmannian
Prominent sociological theorists include Talcott Parsons, Robert K. Merton, Randall Collins, James Samuel Coleman, Peter Blau, Niklas Luhmann, Marshal McLuhan, Immanuel Wallerstein, George Homans, Harrison White, Theda Skocpol, Gerhard Lenski, Pierre van den Berghe and Jonathan H. Turner.

Marshall McLuhan

McLuhanMarshal McLuhanHot and cool media
Prominent sociological theorists include Talcott Parsons, Robert K. Merton, Randall Collins, James Samuel Coleman, Peter Blau, Niklas Luhmann, Marshal McLuhan, Immanuel Wallerstein, George Homans, Harrison White, Theda Skocpol, Gerhard Lenski, Pierre van den Berghe and Jonathan H. Turner.

Immanuel Wallerstein

WallersteinWallerstein, ImmanuelI. Wallerstein
Prominent sociological theorists include Talcott Parsons, Robert K. Merton, Randall Collins, James Samuel Coleman, Peter Blau, Niklas Luhmann, Marshal McLuhan, Immanuel Wallerstein, George Homans, Harrison White, Theda Skocpol, Gerhard Lenski, Pierre van den Berghe and Jonathan H. Turner.

Harrison White

Harrison C. WhiteHarrison Colyar Whiterevolution
Prominent sociological theorists include Talcott Parsons, Robert K. Merton, Randall Collins, James Samuel Coleman, Peter Blau, Niklas Luhmann, Marshal McLuhan, Immanuel Wallerstein, George Homans, Harrison White, Theda Skocpol, Gerhard Lenski, Pierre van den Berghe and Jonathan H. Turner.

Theda Skocpol

Theda SkocpolBringing the State Back InSkocpol, Theda
Prominent sociological theorists include Talcott Parsons, Robert K. Merton, Randall Collins, James Samuel Coleman, Peter Blau, Niklas Luhmann, Marshal McLuhan, Immanuel Wallerstein, George Homans, Harrison White, Theda Skocpol, Gerhard Lenski, Pierre van den Berghe and Jonathan H. Turner.