Sodium bicarbonate

baking sodabicarbonate of sodaNaHCO 3 sodasodium hydrogen carbonatebicarbonatebicarbonate sodasaleratusbread sodacarbonate of soda
Sodium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate), commonly known as baking soda, is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO 3.wikipedia
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Natron

It is a component of the mineral natron and is found dissolved in many mineral springs.
Natron is a naturally occurring mixture of sodium carbonate decahydrate (Na 2 CO 3 ·10H 2 O, a kind of soda ash) and around 17% sodium bicarbonate (also called baking soda, NaHCO 3 ) along with small quantities of sodium chloride and sodium sulfate.

Nahcolite

The natural mineral form is nahcolite.
Nahcolite is a soft, colourless or white carbonate mineral with the composition of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO 3 ) also called thermokalite.

Bicarbonate

hydrogen carbonateHCO 3 HCO 3 −
Sodium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate), commonly known as baking soda, is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO 3.
The prefix "bi" in "bicarbonate" comes from an outdated naming system and is based on the observation that there is twice as much carbonate per sodium ion in sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO 3 ) and other bicarbonates than in sodium carbonate (Na 2 CO 3 ) and other carbonates.

Soda bread

Irish soda breadsoda farlWheaten bread
When it reacts with acid, carbon dioxide is released, which causes expansion of the batter and forms the characteristic texture and grain in pancakes, cakes, quick breads, soda bread, and other baked and fried foods.
Soda bread is a variety of quick bread traditionally made in a variety of cuisines in which sodium bicarbonate (otherwise known as "baking soda", or in Ireland, "bread soda") is used as a leavening agent instead of the traditional yeast.

Sodium

NaNa + sodium ion
Sodium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate), commonly known as baking soda, is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO 3.
The most important sodium compounds are table salt (NaCl), soda ash (Na 2 CO 3 ), baking soda (NaHCO 3 ), caustic soda (NaOH), sodium nitrate (NaNO 3 ), di- and tri-sodium phosphates, sodium thiosulfate (Na 2 S 2 O 3 ·5H 2 O), and borax (Na 2 B 4 O 7 ·10H 2 O).

Buttermilk

butter milkcultured buttermilkMajjige
Acidic compounds that induce this reaction include phosphates, cream of tartar, lemon juice, yogurt, buttermilk, cocoa, and vinegar.
In making soda bread, the acid in buttermilk reacts with the raising agent, sodium bicarbonate, to produce carbon dioxide which acts as the leavening agent.

Mushy peas

mushy pea
Baking soda is still used to soften pulses (peas, beans) before and during cooking, as in the traditional British mushy peas recipe for soaking the peas.
Mushy peas are dried marrowfat peas which are first soaked overnight in water with sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), then rinsed in fresh water, after which the peas are gathered in a saucepan, covered with water, and brought to a boil, then simmered until the peas are softened and mushy.

Baking powder

baking-powder
Baking powder, also sold for cooking, contains around 30% of bicarbonate, and various acidic ingredients which are activated by the addition of water, without the need for additional acids in the cooking medium.
Most commercially available baking powders are made up of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO 3, also known as baking soda or bicarbonate of soda) and one or more acid salts.

Quick bread

quickbreadsweetbread
When it reacts with acid, carbon dioxide is released, which causes expansion of the batter and forms the characteristic texture and grain in pancakes, cakes, quick breads, soda bread, and other baked and fried foods.
The discovery or rediscovery of chemical leavening agents and their widespread military, commercial, and home use in the United States dates back to 1846 with the introduction of commercial baking soda in New York, by Church and Dwight of "Arm & Hammer" fame.

Black snake (firework)

black snakeSnakeblack snake fireworks
Sodium bicarbonate is one of the main components of the common "black snake" firework.
For sugar snake, sodium bicarbonate which produces carbon dioxide gas, and sugar forming carbon containing ash, are common chemicals used.

Potassium bitartrate

cream of tartarpotassium hydrogen tartratetartar
Acidic compounds that induce this reaction include phosphates, cream of tartar, lemon juice, yogurt, buttermilk, cocoa, and vinegar. Many forms of baking powder contain sodium bicarbonate combined with calcium acid phosphate, sodium aluminium phosphate, or cream of tartar.
This mixture is sometimes mistakenly made with vinegar and sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), which actually react to neutralize each other, creating carbon dioxide and a sodium acetate solution.

E number

E-numberEE numbers
It is known as one of the E number food additives E500.

Baking

bakedbaked goodsbake
In cooking, baking soda is primarily used in baking as a leavening agent.
Beginning in the 19th century, alternative leavening agents became more common, such as baking soda.

Potassium bicarbonate

KHCO 3 Potassium hydrogen carbonatebicarbonate
The word saleratus, from Latin sal æratus meaning "aerated salt", was widely used in the 19th century for both sodium bicarbonate and potassium bicarbonate.
It is about twice as effective in fire suppression as sodium bicarbonate.

Carbonate

carbonatescarbonaceousCO 3
The prefix bi in bicarbonate comes from an outdated naming system and is based on the observation that there is twice as much carbonate (CO 3 ) per sodium in sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO 3 ) as there is in sodium carbonate (Na 2 CO 3 ).
Thus sodium carbonate is basic, sodium bicarbonate is weakly basic, while carbon dioxide itself is a weak acid.

Dutch process chocolate

Dutch chocolatealkalised cocoaDutch
When adding acid, non-acid ingredients such as whole milk or Dutch-processed cocoa are often added to baked foods to avoid an over-acidic taste from the added acid.
Dutch processed cocoa has a neutral pH, and is not acidic like natural cocoa, so in recipes that use baking soda as the leavening agent—which relies on the acidity of the cocoa to activate it—buttermilk, yoghurt or sour milk should be substituted for the milk in the recipe, or a dash of cream of tartar can be used to provide some acidity in the batter.

Purple-K

PKPPurple Kpurple 'K' dry chemical
The alkaline nature of sodium bicarbonate makes it the only dry chemical agent, besides Purple-K, that was used in large-scale fire suppression systems installed in commercial kitchens.
It has about 4–5 times more effectiveness against class B fires than carbon dioxide, and more than twice that of sodium bicarbonate.

Hyperkalemia

high blood potassiumhyperkalaemiahigh blood potassium levels
HCO 3 − is used for treatment of hyperkalemia, as it will drive K + back into cells during periods of acidosis.
Other medications used include dextrose with insulin, salbutamol, and sodium bicarbonate.

Monocalcium phosphate

superphosphatesuper phosphateTriple Super Phosphate
Many forms of baking powder contain sodium bicarbonate combined with calcium acid phosphate, sodium aluminium phosphate, or cream of tartar.
Because it is acidic, when combined with an alkali ingredient, commonly sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) or potassium bicarbonate, it reacts to produce carbon dioxide and a salt.

Tricyclic antidepressant overdose

antidepressant overdosetricyclic overdose
Sodium bicarbonate has also been used in the treatment of tricyclic antidepressant overdose.
In those who have a wide QRS complex (> 100 ms) sodium bicarbonate is recommended.

Moffett's solution

It is also a component of Moffett's solution, used in nasal surgery.
Moffett's solution is a mixture of adrenaline, sodium bicarbonate and cocaine that is used to provide topical analgesia and vasoconstriction during ear, nose, and throat surgery, especially for operations on the nose.

Sodablasting

soda blastingbaking sodaBlasting
Sodium bicarbonate is used in a process for removing paint and corrosion called sodablasting; the process is particularly suitable for cleaning aluminium panels which can be distorted by other types of abrasives.
Sodablasting is a mild form of abrasive blasting in which sodium bicarbonate particles are blasted against a surface using compressed air.

Laxative

purgativelaxativesEx-Lax
A mixture of sodium bicarbonate and polyethylene glycol such as PegLyte, dissolved in water and taken orally, is an effective gastrointestinal lavage preparation and laxative prior to gastrointestinal surgery, gastroscopy, etc.
Solutions of polyethylene glycol and electrolytes (sodium chloride, sodium bicarbonate, potassium chloride, and sometimes sodium sulfate) are used for whole bowel irrigation, a process designed to prepare the bowel for surgery or colonoscopy and to treat certain types of poisoning.

Carbon dioxide

CO 2 CO2carbon dioxide (CO 2 )
Its reaction with stomach acid produces salt, water, and carbon dioxide:
Baker's yeast produces carbon dioxide by fermentation of sugars within the dough, while chemical leaveners such as baking powder and baking soda release carbon dioxide when heated or if exposed to acids.

Vinegar

malt vinegarwhite vinegarcoconut vinegar
Acidic compounds that induce this reaction include phosphates, cream of tartar, lemon juice, yogurt, buttermilk, cocoa, and vinegar.
When baking soda and vinegar are combined, the bicarbonate ion of the baking soda reacts to form carbonic acid, which decomposes into carbon dioxide and water.