Sokol

Sokol movementSokoCzech gymnasticsFalcon" gymnastic movementFalconsSoko athletic organisationSokólTJ SokolTyršovské
The Sokol movement (, falcon) is an all-age gymnastics organization first founded in Prague in the Czech region of Austria-Hungary in 1862 by Miroslav Tyrš and Jindřich Fügner.wikipedia
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Miroslav Tyrš

Tyrš
The Sokol movement (, falcon) is an all-age gymnastics organization first founded in Prague in the Czech region of Austria-Hungary in 1862 by Miroslav Tyrš and Jindřich Fügner.
Miroslav Tyrš (born Friedrich Emmanuel Tiersch, 17 September 1832 – 8 August 1884) was a Czech art historian, sports organizer and founder of the Sokol movement.

Jindřich Fügner

The Sokol movement (, falcon) is an all-age gymnastics organization first founded in Prague in the Czech region of Austria-Hungary in 1862 by Miroslav Tyrš and Jindřich Fügner.
Jindřich Fügner (born Heinrich Fügner, 12 September 1822, Prague – 15 November 1865, Prague) was co-founder (together with Miroslav Tyrš) and the first starosta (leader) of the Czech sport organization Sokol.

FK BASK

BASKBASK BeogradSK Soko
The movement also spread across all the regions populated by Slavic cultures: (Poland (Sokół), Slovene Lands, Serbia (SK Soko), Bulgaria, the Russian Empire (Poland, Ukraine, Belarus), and the rest of Austria-Hungary (i.e., present day Slovenia and Croatia).
In 1931 the king Alexander I started promoting Soko societies throughout the country, however by a decree he demanded that Soko societies to be exclusively dedicated to gymnastics.

Mass games

mass gymnasticsmass gamemass gymnastics exhibition
The articles published in the Sokol journal, lectures held in the Sokol libraries, and theatrical performances at the massive gymnastic festivals called slets helped to craft and disseminate the Czech nationalist mythology and version of history.
Mass games developed alongside 19th century nationalist movements, particularly the Czech Sokol movement.

FC Spartak Moscow

Spartak MoscowSpartakSpartak Moskva
The union centralized all the Sokols in the Czech lands and sent Sokol trainers to the rest of the Slavic world to found Sokol institutions in Kraków, Ljubljana, Zagreb, and even the Russian Empire (FC Spartak Moscow) (mostly the Ukrainian lands).
The society was founded under the influence of the Pan-Slavic "Sokol movement" with the aim of promoting the "Sokolsk gymnastics" and then other sports: fencing, wrestling, figure skating, skating, football, hockey, lawn tennis, boxing, skis, Athletics, cycling ...In the spring of 1922 the RGO "Sokol" was renamed into MKS.

Slovenes

SloveneSlovenianSlovenians
Within the first year the Sokols expanded beyond Prague, first into the Moravia and the Slovenian regions of the Hapsburg empire.
Already during the period of Italian occupation, between the years 1918 and 1920, all Slovene cultural associations (Sokol, "reading rooms" etc.) had been forbidden Fascist Italy brought Italian teachers from South Italy to Italianize ethnic Slovene and Croatian children, while the Slovene and Croatian teachers, poets, writers, artists and clergy were exiled to Sardinia and elsewhere to South Italy.

Josef Mánes

JosefMánes
A Sokol flag, red with a white falcon, was designed by the writer Karolína Světlá (and painted by Czech artist Josef Mánes).
He also participated in Sokol, an athletic organization for young men, designing uniforms and other materials for them.

Orel (movement)

Orel
Another rival gymnast society was founded by the Christian-Socialist party under the name Orel ("Eagle").
The Orel ("eagle" in Czech) is a Moravia-based Czech youth movement and gymnastics organization which emerged between 1896–1909 as Catholic Church-supported competitor of another Czech sport movement Sokol (founded 1862), oriented more nationalistic and rather anti-Catholic.

Ljubljana

LaibachLjubljana (Laibach)Ljubljana, Slovenia
The union centralized all the Sokols in the Czech lands and sent Sokol trainers to the rest of the Slavic world to found Sokol institutions in Kraków, Ljubljana, Zagreb, and even the Russian Empire (FC Spartak Moscow) (mostly the Ukrainian lands).
It was the parent club of all Slovene Sokol clubs as well as an encouragement for the establishment of the Croatian Sokol club in Zagreb.

Young Czech Party

Young CzechEdvard GrégrJulius Grégr
Most founders were also members of the Young Czechs party, the most influential including Prince Rudolf von Thurn-Taxis, Josef Barák, and Julius and Eduard Grégr.
The supporters of the Young Czechs came from petty tradespeople, lawyers, progressive intellectuals, teachers and university students, some leaders in the Sokol gymnastic organization and middling farmers hurt by Hungarian and North American competition.

Neo-Slavism

neo-Slavicneoslavism
It marked the creation of the Federation of Slavic Sokols under the neo-Slavic idea of the Czechs as the strongest Slavic nation, second only to Russia.
One of the few effects of the movement was the creation of the Federation of Slavic Sokols (the Sokol movement was highly supportive of Neo-Slavism).

Sokół

Falcon" Polish Gymnastic SocietyPolish Gymnastic Society "FalconFalcons Nest
The movement also spread across all the regions populated by Slavic cultures: (Poland (Sokół), Slovene Lands, Serbia (SK Soko), Bulgaria, the Russian Empire (Poland, Ukraine, Belarus), and the rest of Austria-Hungary (i.e., present day Slovenia and Croatia).
Sokół, or in full the "Falcon" Polish Gymnastic Society (Polskie Towarzystwo Gimnastyczne "Sokół"), is the Polish offshoot of the Czech (pan-Slavic oriented) Sokol movement, and the oldest youth movement organization of Poland.

Spartakiad (Czechoslovakia)

SpartakiadspartakiádaCzechoslovakian Spartakiad
The Communist Party tried to replace the tradition of slets with mass exercises employed for propaganda purposes: Spartakiad (spartakiády) and its organization Czechoslovak Union of Physical Education.
They were organised by the Communist government as a replacement of the similar Sokol gatherings, which were disapproved by the regime and discontinued after World War II.

Sokol Auditorium

Sokol HallSokol Underground
Sokol Auditorium
The Sokol Auditorium in Omaha was one of many such buildings built as part of the Sokol movement.

Sokol Pavilion

Sokol Pavilion
The building historically served as a host for Sokol gymnastic events and as a meeting hall for the Czech community.

Czech Republic

🇨🇿CzechCZE
The most significant sports venues are Eden Arena (e.g. 2013 UEFA Super Cup, 2015 UEFA European Under-21 Championship; home venue of SK Slavia Prague), O2 Arena (2015 European Athletics Indoor Championships, 2015 IIHF World Championship; home venue of HC Sparta Prague), Generali Arena (home venue of AC Sparta Prague), Masaryk Circuit (annual Czech Republic motorcycle Grand Prix), Strahov Stadium (mass games of Sokol and Spartakiades in communist era), Tipsport Arena (1964 World Men's Handball Championship, EuroBasket 1981, 1990 World Men's Handball Championship; home venue of ex-KHL's HC Lev Praha) and Stadion Evžena Rošického (1978 European Athletics Championships).

Falcon

Falcofalconsfalcon-like
The Sokol movement (, falcon) is an all-age gymnastics organization first founded in Prague in the Czech region of Austria-Hungary in 1862 by Miroslav Tyrš and Jindřich Fügner.

Gymnastics

gymnastgymnasticgymnasts
The Sokol movement (, falcon) is an all-age gymnastics organization first founded in Prague in the Czech region of Austria-Hungary in 1862 by Miroslav Tyrš and Jindřich Fügner.

Prague

PrahaPrague, Czech RepublicPrag
The Sokol movement (, falcon) is an all-age gymnastics organization first founded in Prague in the Czech region of Austria-Hungary in 1862 by Miroslav Tyrš and Jindřich Fügner.

Czechs

CzechBohemianCzech people
The Sokol movement (, falcon) is an all-age gymnastics organization first founded in Prague in the Czech region of Austria-Hungary in 1862 by Miroslav Tyrš and Jindřich Fügner.

Austria-Hungary

Austro-HungarianAustro-Hungarian EmpireAustrian
The Sokol movement (, falcon) is an all-age gymnastics organization first founded in Prague in the Czech region of Austria-Hungary in 1862 by Miroslav Tyrš and Jindřich Fügner.

Mens sana in corpore sano

anima sana in corpore sanoa strong mind in a sound bodySana mens in corpore sano
It was based upon the principle of "a strong mind in a sound body".

Poland

🇵🇱PolishPOL
The movement also spread across all the regions populated by Slavic cultures: (Poland (Sokół), Slovene Lands, Serbia (SK Soko), Bulgaria, the Russian Empire (Poland, Ukraine, Belarus), and the rest of Austria-Hungary (i.e., present day Slovenia and Croatia).

Slovene Lands

SloveneSlovene-speaking territoriesareas inhabited by Slovenes
The movement also spread across all the regions populated by Slavic cultures: (Poland (Sokół), Slovene Lands, Serbia (SK Soko), Bulgaria, the Russian Empire (Poland, Ukraine, Belarus), and the rest of Austria-Hungary (i.e., present day Slovenia and Croatia).

Serbia

🇷🇸SRBSerbian
The movement also spread across all the regions populated by Slavic cultures: (Poland (Sokół), Slovene Lands, Serbia (SK Soko), Bulgaria, the Russian Empire (Poland, Ukraine, Belarus), and the rest of Austria-Hungary (i.e., present day Slovenia and Croatia).