Solanaceae

nightshadenightshade familysolanaceousnightshadesblackberry nightshadefamilynightshade (solanaceous)nightshade family (Solanaceae)nightshade poisonsolanaceous plants
The Solanaceae, or nightshades, are a family of flowering plants that ranges from annual and perennial herbs to vines, lianas, epiphytes, shrubs, and trees, and includes a number of agricultural crops, medicinal plants, spices, weeds, and ornamentals.wikipedia
862 Related Articles

Chili pepper

chilichillichili peppers
Many members of the family contain potent alkaloids, and some are highly toxic, but many—including tomatoes, potatoes, eggplant, bell and chili peppers—are used as food. Another important genus, Capsicum, produces both chili peppers and bell peppers.
The chili pepper (also chile, chile pepper, chilli pepper, or chilli ), from Nahuatl chīlli, is the fruit of plants from the genus Capsicum which are members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae.

Asterids

asteridcampanulidslamiids
The family belongs to the order Solanales, in the asterid group and class Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons).
Common examples include the forget-me-nots, nightshades (including potatoes, eggplants, tomatoes, peppers and tobacco), the common sunflower, petunias, morning glory and sweet potato, coffee, lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, honeysuckle, ash tree, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, garden sage, table herbs such as mint, basil, and rosemary, and rainforest trees such as Brazil nut.

Capsicum

pepperspepperred pepper
Another important genus, Capsicum, produces both chili peppers and bell peppers. However, Melananthus has a monocarpelar gynoecium, there are three or four carpels in Capsicum, three to five in Nicandra, some species of Jaborosa and Trianaea and four carpels in Iochroma umbellatum.
Capsicum, the pepper, is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family Solanaceae.

Tomatillo

tomatillosPhysalis philadelphicaPhysalis ixocarpa
The genus Physalis produces the so-called groundcherries, as well as the tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica), the Cape gooseberry and the Chinese lantern.
The tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica and Physalis ixocarpa), also known as the Mexican husk tomato, is a plant of the nightshade family bearing small, spherical and green or green-purple fruit of the same name.

Physalis peruviana

Cape gooseberryuchuvaCape Gooseberries
The genus Physalis produces the so-called groundcherries, as well as the tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica), the Cape gooseberry and the Chinese lantern.
Physalis peruviana, a plant species of the genus Physalis in the nightshade family Solanaceae, has its origin in Peru.

Tobacco

tobacco leavessnufftobacco leaf
Nicotiana contains, among other species, tobacco.
Tobacco is the common name of several plants in the Nicotiana genus and the Solanaceae (nightshade) family, and the general term for any product prepared from the cured leaves of the tobacco plant.

Physalis

ground cherrygroundcherrybluebottles
The genus Physalis produces the so-called groundcherries, as well as the tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica), the Cape gooseberry and the Chinese lantern.
Physalis (,,, from φυσαλλίς phusallís "bladder" ) is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family (Solanaceae), which grow in warm temperate and subtropical regions of the world.

Lycium

boxthornAfrican box thornAfrican boxthorn
The genus Lycium contains the boxthorns and the wolfberry Lycium barbarum.
Lycium is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family, Solanaceae.

Goji

wolfberrywolfberriesgoji berry
The genus Lycium contains the boxthorns and the wolfberry Lycium barbarum.
Goji, goji berry, or wolfberry, is the fruit of either Lycium barbarum or Lycium chinense, two closely related species of boxthorn in the nightshade family, Solanaceae.

Nicotiana

tobaccotobacco plantwild tobacco
Nicotiana contains, among other species, tobacco.
Nicotiana is a genus of herbaceous plants and shrubs of the family Solanaceae, that is indigenous to the Americas, Australia, south west Africa and the South Pacific.

Atropa belladonna

belladonnadeadly nightshadebelladona
Some other important members of Solanaceae include a number of ornamental plants such as Petunia, Browallia, and Lycianthes, and sources of psychoactive alkaloids, Datura, Mandragora (mandrake), and Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade). They are found in plants such as the henbane (Hyoscyamus albus), belladonna (Atropa belladonna), datura or jimson (Datura stramonium), mandrake (Mandragora autumnalis), tobacco, and others.
Atropa belladonna, commonly known as belladonna or deadly nightshade, is a perennial herbaceous plant in the nightshade family Solanaceae, which includes tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplant (aubergine).

Datura

thornappleAngel's Trumpetschamico
Some other important members of Solanaceae include a number of ornamental plants such as Petunia, Browallia, and Lycianthes, and sources of psychoactive alkaloids, Datura, Mandragora (mandrake), and Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade).
Datura is a genus of nine species of poisonous Vespertine flowering plants belonging to the family Solanaceae.

Lycianthes

Some other important members of Solanaceae include a number of ornamental plants such as Petunia, Browallia, and Lycianthes, and sources of psychoactive alkaloids, Datura, Mandragora (mandrake), and Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade).
Lycianthes is a genus of plants from the nightshade family (Solanaceae), found in both the Old World and the New World, but predominantly in the latter.

Solanoideae

Most of the economically important genera are contained in the subfamily Solanoideae, with the exceptions of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum, Nicotianoideae) and petunia (Petunia × hybrida, Petunioideae).
Solanoideae is a subfamily of the flowering plant family Solanaceae, and is sister to the subfamily Nicotianoideae.

Browallia

Some other important members of Solanaceae include a number of ornamental plants such as Petunia, Browallia, and Lycianthes, and sources of psychoactive alkaloids, Datura, Mandragora (mandrake), and Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade).
Browallia is a small genus of seven species of flowering plants (mostly annuals though occasionally shrubs or ephemerophytes) belonging to the nightshade family Solanaceae.

Solanum nigrum

black nightshadeEuropean black nightshadeSolanum nigrum'' complex
The genus name comes from the Classical Latin word solanum, referring to nightshades (especially Solanum nigrum), "probably from sol, 'sun', + -anum, neuter of -anus."
nigrum is confused for the more toxic deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna''), which is in a different genus within Solanaceae.

Petunia

petuniasflowerPetunia hybrida
Some other important members of Solanaceae include a number of ornamental plants such as Petunia, Browallia, and Lycianthes, and sources of psychoactive alkaloids, Datura, Mandragora (mandrake), and Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade). Most of the economically important genera are contained in the subfamily Solanoideae, with the exceptions of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum, Nicotianoideae) and petunia (Petunia × hybrida, Petunioideae).
Petunia is a genus in the family Solanaceae, subfamily Petunioideae.

Jaborosa

However, Melananthus has a monocarpelar gynoecium, there are three or four carpels in Capsicum, three to five in Nicandra, some species of Jaborosa and Trianaea and four carpels in Iochroma umbellatum.
Jaborosa is a genus of flowering plants in the family Solanaceae, the nightshades.

Schizanthus

Butterfly FlowerSchizanthus pinnatus
The ovules are generally inverted, folded sharply backwards (anatropous), but some genera have ovules that are rotated at right angles to their stalk (campilotropous) as in Phrodus, Grabowskia or Vassobia), or are partially inverted (hemitropous as in Cestrum, Capsicum, Schizanthus and Lycium).
Schizanthus, also called butterfly flower, fringeflower, poor-man's-orchid, is a genus of plants in the nightshade family, Solanaceae.

Nicotine

nicotine addictionnicotine sulfateaddicted to nicotine
Many species contain a variety of alkaloids that can be more or less active or poisonous, such as scopolamine, atropine, hyoscyamine, and nicotine.
Nicotine is a stimulant and potent parasympathomimetic alkaloid that is naturally produced in the nightshade family of plants.

Datura stramonium

jimson weedjimsonweedstramonium
They are found in plants such as the henbane (Hyoscyamus albus), belladonna (Atropa belladonna), datura or jimson (Datura stramonium), mandrake (Mandragora autumnalis), tobacco, and others.
Datura stramonium, known by the English names jimsonweed (jimson weed) or devil's snare, is a plant in the nightshade family.

Cestrum

The ovules are generally inverted, folded sharply backwards (anatropous), but some genera have ovules that are rotated at right angles to their stalk (campilotropous) as in Phrodus, Grabowskia or Vassobia), or are partially inverted (hemitropous as in Cestrum, Capsicum, Schizanthus and Lycium).
Cestrum is a genus of — depending on authority — 150-250 species of flowering plants in the family Solanaceae.

Hyoscyamine

AnaspazCystospazduboisine
Many species contain a variety of alkaloids that can be more or less active or poisonous, such as scopolamine, atropine, hyoscyamine, and nicotine.
It is a secondary metabolite found in certain plants of the family Solanaceae, including henbane (Hyoscyamus niger), mandrake (Mandragora officinarum), angel's trumpets (Brugmansia spp.), jimsonweed (Datura stramonium), tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) the sorcerers' tree ( Latua pubiflora ) and deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna).

Trianaea

However, Melananthus has a monocarpelar gynoecium, there are three or four carpels in Capsicum, three to five in Nicandra, some species of Jaborosa and Trianaea and four carpels in Iochroma umbellatum.

Solanine

α-solanine
* Solanine: A toxic glycoalkaloid with a bitter taste, it has the formula C 45 H 73 NO 15.
Solanine is a glycoalkaloid poison found in species of the nightshade family within the genus Solanum, such as the potato (Solanum tuberosum), the tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), and the eggplant (Solanum melongena).