Solaris (operating system)

SolarisSolaris 10Sun SolarisOracle SolarisSolaris 11Solaris operating systemSolaris 7Solaris 8Solaris Express Community Edition(Oracle) Solaris 10 for SPARC
Solaris is a non-free Unix operating system originally developed by Sun Microsystems.wikipedia
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Sun Microsystems

SunSun Microsystems, Inc.Sun workstation
Solaris is a non-free Unix operating system originally developed by Sun Microsystems.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. (Sun for short) was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.

Unix

UNIX operating systemAT&T UnixUnix-like
Solaris is a non-free Unix operating system originally developed by Sun Microsystems.
Initially intended for use inside the Bell System, AT&T licensed Unix to outside parties in the late 1970s, leading to a variety of both academic and commercial Unix variants from vendors including University of California, Berkeley (BSD), Microsoft (Xenix), IBM (AIX), and Sun Microsystems (Solaris).

Operating system

operating systemsOScomputer operating system
Solaris is a non-free Unix operating system originally developed by Sun Microsystems.
Unix-like operating systems, such as Solaris and Linux—as well as non-Unix-like, such as AmigaOS—support preemptive multitasking.

DTrace

Solaris is known for its scalability, especially on SPARC systems, and for originating many innovative features such as DTrace, ZFS and Time Slider. Notable features of Solaris include DTrace, Doors, Service Management Facility, Solaris Containers, Solaris Multiplexed I/O, Solaris Volume Manager, ZFS, and Solaris Trusted Extensions.
Originally developed for Solaris, it has since been released under the free Common Development and Distribution License (CDDL) in OpenSolaris and its descendant illumos, and has been ported to several other Unix-like systems.

ZFS

ZFS on LinuxMacZFSFUSE port for Linux
Solaris is known for its scalability, especially on SPARC systems, and for originating many innovative features such as DTrace, ZFS and Time Slider. Notable features of Solaris include DTrace, Doors, Service Management Facility, Solaris Containers, Solaris Multiplexed I/O, Solaris Volume Manager, ZFS, and Solaris Trusted Extensions.
Originally, ZFS was proprietary, closed-source software developed internally by Sun as part of Solaris, with a team led by the CTO of Sun's storage business unit and Sun Fellow Jeff Bonwick.

OpenSolaris

Project IndianaOpenOpen Solaris
In June 2005, Sun Microsystems released most of the codebase under the CDDL license, and founded the OpenSolaris open-source project.
OpenSolaris is a discontinued, open source computer operating system based on Solaris created by Sun Microsystems.

SunOS

Sun OSSunits operating system
It superseded the company's earlier SunOS in 1993.
The SunOS name is usually only used to refer to versions 1.0 to 4.1.4, which were based on BSD, while versions 5.0 and later are based on UNIX System V Release 4, and are marketed under the brand name Solaris.

UNIX System V

System VSVR4System V Release 4
In 1987, AT&T Corporation and Sun announced that they were collaborating on a project to merge the most popular Unix variants on the market at that time: Berkeley Software Distribution, UNIX System V, and Xenix.
, the Unix market is divided between five System V variants: IBM's AIX, Hewlett-Packard's HP-UX, Oracle's Solaris, Xinuos's UnixWare and illumos distributions being the open-source OpenSolaris continuation.

Wabi (software)

WabiWindows Application Binary Interface
It included the Wabi emulator to support Windows applications.
Wabi is a discontinued commercial software application from Sun Microsystems that implements the Windows Win16 API specification on Solaris; a version for Linux was also released by Caldera Systems.

OpenWindows

XnewsXnews (X11 server)
The justification for this new overbrand was that it encompassed not only SunOS, but also the OpenWindows graphical user interface and Open Network Computing (ONC) functionality.
OpenWindows was included in later releases of the SunOS 4 and Solaris operating systems, until its removal in Solaris 9 in favor of Common Desktop Environment (CDE) and GNOME 2.0.

Sun acquisition by Oracle

acquiredacquisition of Sunacquisition of Sun Microsystems
In 2010, after the Sun acquisition by Oracle, it was renamed Oracle Solaris.
The same memo announced that Oracle would no longer release Solaris source code as it was developed, instead only publishing it after the release of each Solaris version.

Illumos

OpenSolaris distributions
Following that, OpenSolaris was forked as illumos and is alive through several illumos distributions.
Its primary development project, illumos-gate, derives from OS/Net (aka ON), which is a Solaris kernel with the bulk of the drivers, core libraries, and basic utilities, similar to what is delivered by a BSD "src" tree.

Itanium

Itanium 2IA-64Intel Itanium
A port of Solaris to the Intel Itanium architecture was announced in 1997 but never brought to market.
Several groups ported operating systems for the architecture, including Microsoft Windows, OpenVMS, Linux, HP-UX, Solaris,

Internet leak

leakedleaked onlineleak
In 2011, the Solaris 11 kernel source code leaked to BitTorrent.

Simon Phipps (programmer)

Simon Phipps
On September 2, 2017, Simon Phipps, a former Sun Microsystems employee not hired by Oracle in the acquisition, reported on Twitter that Oracle had laid off the Solaris core development staff, which many interpreted as sign that Oracle no longer intended to support future development of the platform.
Under Phipps, most of Sun's core software was released under open source licenses, including Solaris and Java.

PowerPC

PPCPower PCPowerPC 2.02
Solaris 2.5.1 included support for the PowerPC platform (PowerPC Reference Platform), but the port was canceled before the Solaris 2.6 release.
Microsoft released Windows NT 3.51 for the architecture, which was used in Motorola's PowerPC servers, and Sun Microsystems offered a version of its Solaris OS.

PowerPC Reference Platform

PRePP''owerPC ''Re''ference ''P''latform
Solaris 2.5.1 included support for the PowerPC platform (PowerPC Reference Platform), but the port was canceled before the Solaris 2.6 release.
Published by IBM in 1994, it allowed hardware vendors to build a machine that could run various operating systems, including Windows NT, OS/2, Solaris, Taligent and AIX.

Single UNIX Specification

SUSUNIX 03UNIX 95
Solaris is registered as compliant with the Single UNIX Specification.
Solaris 11 complies with the Single UNIX Specification.

SPARC

SPARC V9SPARC V8Sun SPARC
Solaris is known for its scalability, especially on SPARC systems, and for originating many innovative features such as DTrace, ZFS and Time Slider.
SPARC machines have generally used Sun's SunOS, Solaris, or OpenSolaris including derivatives illumos and OpenIndiana, but other operating systems have also been used, such as NeXTSTEP, RTEMS, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD, and Linux.

Berkeley Software Distribution

BSDBSD Unix*BSD
In 1987, AT&T Corporation and Sun announced that they were collaborating on a project to merge the most popular Unix variants on the market at that time: Berkeley Software Distribution, UNIX System V, and Xenix.
Various commercial Unix operating systems, such as Solaris, also incorporate BSD code.

GNOME

GNOME 3GNOME 2GNOME desktop environment
In 2001, Sun issued a preview release of the open-source desktop environment GNOME 1.4, based on the GTK+ toolkit, for Solaris 8.
GNOME 3 is the default desktop environment on many major Linux distributions including Fedora, Debian, Ubuntu, SUSE Linux Enterprise (exclusively), Red Hat Enterprise Linux, CentOS, Oracle Linux, SteamOS, Tails, Kali Linux and Endless OS, as well as Solaris, a major Unix operating system; and provided as an official edition by Manjaro; also the continued fork of the last GNOME 2 release that goes under the name MATE is default on many Linux distros that targets low usage of system resources.

OpenCSW

Additional software, like Apache, MySQL, etc. can be installed as well in a packaged form from sunfreeware and OpenCSW.
OpenCSW provides packages for Solaris 9, 10, and 11 (by compatible Solaris 10 packages) for 32 and 64-bit, x86 and SPARC architectures.

Service Management Facility

SMF
Notable features of Solaris include DTrace, Doors, Service Management Facility, Solaris Containers, Solaris Multiplexed I/O, Solaris Volume Manager, ZFS, and Solaris Trusted Extensions.
Service Management Facility (SMF) is a feature of the Solaris operating system as of version 10 and Opensolaris-descendant illumos with its illumos distributions, that creates a supported, unified model for services and service management on each Solaris or illumos system and replaces init.d scripts.

X86-64

x64AMD64Intel 64
Solaris supports SPARC and x86-64 workstations and servers from Oracle and other vendors.
Solaris 10 and later releases support the x86-64 architecture.