Solomon Luria

Solomon Luria
Grave of Solomon Luria (right), Old Jewish Cemetery, Lublin

One of the great Ashkenazic poskim (decisors of Jewish law) and teachers of his time.

- Solomon Luria

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Medieval French rabbi and author of a comprehensive commentary on the Talmud and commentary on the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh).

16th-century depiction of Rashi
Rashi Synagogue, Worms
Exterior of Rashi's Synagogue, Worms, Germany
Monument in memory of Rashi in Troyes, France. Sculptor: Raymond Moretti, 1992.
A modern translation of Rashi's commentary on the Chumash, published by Artscroll
Title page of an English translation of Rashi's Commentary on the Pentateuch.
Raschihaus, Jewish Museum, Worms, Germany.
The complete Hebrew alphabet in Rashi script [right to left].

The main early rabbinical source about his ancestry, Responsum No. 29 by Solomon Luria, makes no such claim either.

Moses Isserles

Commonly known by the Hebrew acronym for Rabbi Moses Isserles, "Rema" .

Moses Isserles (Artist's rendering)
The Rema's tombstone at the Remuh Cemetery, Kraków

Among his fellow pupils were his relative Solomon Luria (Maharshal)—later a major disputant of many of Isserles' halachic rulings, and Chayyim b. Bezalel, an older brother of the Maharal.


Central text of Rabbinic Judaism and the primary source of Jewish religious law (halakha) and Jewish theology.

The first page of the Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Berachot, folio 2a. The center column contains the Talmud text, beginning with a section of Mishnah. The Gemara begins 14 lines down with the abbreviation גמ (gimmel-mem) in larger type. Mishnah and Gemara sections alternate throughout the Talmud. The blocks of text on either side are the Rashi and Tosafot commentaries, printed in Rashi script. Other notes and cross references are in the margins.
An early printing of the Talmud (Ta'anit 9b); with commentary by Rashi
A page of a medieval Jerusalem Talmud manuscript, from the Cairo Geniza
A full set of the Babylonian Talmud
Talmudic saying on the Divine Presence
Koren Talmud Bavli
The Talmud on display in the Jewish Museum of Switzerland brings together parts from the first two Talmud prints by Daniel Bomberg and Ambrosius Froben.
Jewish Scene I
Jewish Scene II
A Controversy Whatsoever on Talmud<ref>See Schleicher's paintings at MutualArt.</ref>
At the Rabbi's
Jews studying Talmud, París, c. 1880–1905
Samuel Hirszenberg, Talmudic School, c. 1895–1908
Ephraim Moses Lilien, The Talmud Students, engraving, 1915
Maurycy Trębacz, The Dispute, c. 1920–1940
Solomon's Haggadoth, bronze relief from the Knesset Menorah, Jerusalem, by Benno Elkan, 1956
Hilel's Teachings, bronze relief from the Knesset Menorah
Jewish Mysticism: Jochanan ben Sakkai, bronze relief from the Knesset Menorah
Yemenite Jews studying Torah in Sana&#039;a
Oz veHadar edition of the first page of the Babylonian Talmud, with elements numbered in a spiraling rainbowː (1) Joshua Boaz ben Simon Baruch's Mesorat haShas, (2) Joel Sirkis's Hagahot (3) Akiva Eiger's Gilyon haShas, (4) Completion of Solomon ben Isaac's commentary from the Soncino printing, (5) Nissim ben Jacob's commentary, (6) Hananel ben Hushiel's commentary, (7) a survey of the verses quoted, (8) Joshua Boaz ben Simon Baruch's Ein Mishpat/Ner Mitzvah, (9) the folio and page numbers, (10) the tractate title, (11) the chapter number, (12), the chapter heading, (13), Solomon ben Isaac's commentary, (14) the Tosafot, (15) the Mishnah, (16) the Gemara, (17) an editorial footnote.

Well known are "Maharshal" (Solomon Luria), "Maharam" (Meir Lublin) and "Maharsha" (Samuel Edels), which analyze Rashi and Tosafot together; other such commentaries include Ma'adanei Yom Tov by Yom-Tov Lipmann Heller, in turn a commentary on the Rosh (see below), and the glosses by Zvi Hirsch Chajes.

Joshua Falk

Polish Halakhist and Talmudist, best known as the author of the Drisha and Prisha commentaries on the Arba'ah Turim as well as Sefer Me'irat Enayim (סמ"ע) on Shulkhan Arukh. His name also occurs as the Hebrew acronyms רפ"כ ("RaFaC") ("Rabbi Falk Cohen"), מהרו"כ ("Ma-HaRWaC") ("Morenu ha-Rav Walk Cohen"), and מהר"י כ"ץ (MaHaRY KTz Morenu ha-Rav Joshua Katz).

Woman at the tombstone of Joshua Falk in the Old Jewish cemetery in Lwow (1920s).

He was a pupil of his relative Moses Isserles and of Solomon Luria, and became the head of the yeshiva of Lemberg.


Ninth-largest city in Poland and the second-largest city of historical Lesser Poland.

Krakowska Gate in the Old Town is among the city's most recognisable landmarks.
Union of Lublin, painting by Jan Matejko at the National Museum of Lublin
19th-century drawing of the Lublin Old Town by Adam Lerue
German and Soviet troops in Lublin during the invasion of Poland in September 1939
Monument and cemetery in Rury where the Germans massacred around 500 Poles in 1940
The site of the former Majdanek concentration camp, located on the outskirts of Lublin
Marie Curie Monument near the Maria Curie-Skłodowska University (UMCS
Polish MPs in the PZL Świdnik helicopter factory
Perła – Browary Lubelskie
Lublin Airport
Lublin Główny railway station, the city's main train station
Lublin has one of three trolleybus systems in Poland
The Centre for the Meeting of Cultures and Teatralny Square, view from the Lublin Conference Center
National Museum in Lublin
Old Theatre in Lublin, opening night
Crown Tribunal in the Old Town
Historic tenement houses at the Market Square
Litewski Square
Krakowskie Przedmieście, one of the main streets of the historic city center
Grand Hotel Lublinianka
Arena Lublin
Faculty of Biotechnology, KUL
Faculty of Information Technology, UMCS
Lublin City Hall
Stanisław Kostka Potocki
Józef Ignacy Kraszewski
Henryk Wieniawski
Juliusz Osterwa Theatre
Lublin Cathedral
Interior of the Cathedral
Trinitarian Tower
St. Stanislaus Basilica
Courtyard of the Dominican Abbey
UMCS Botanical Gardens
14th-century Holy Trinity Chapel
Frescoes inside the chapel
Grodzka Gate
A street fair in the Old Town
440th anniversary of the Union of Lublin
Birthplace of composer Henryk Wieniawski
House of poet Sebastian Klonowic
Zemborzyce Lake
Saints Peter and Paul church
Transfiguration church
The first part of a bypass road around Lublin
Radio & TV tower in Lublin

Rabbi Solomon Luria (1510–1573), "The Maharshal"


Traditional Jewish educational institution focused on the study of Rabbinic literature, primarily the Talmud and halacha (Jewish law), while Torah and Jewish philosophy are studied in parallel.

Mir Yeshiva (Jerusalem) – largest yeshiva in the world
A typical bet midrash – Yeshivas Ner Yisroel, Baltimore
Chavrusas in study – Yeshiva Gedola of Carteret
Morning seder, Or-Yisrael - a yeshiva founded by the Chazon Ish
Shiur in memory of Rav Aharon Lichtenstein at Yeshivat Har Etzion, a Hesder yeshiva
Rabbinical students in shiur, Jerusalem
Shiur klali, Slabodka Yeshiva
A depiction of Sura (from Beit Hatefutsot)
Volozhin yeshiva, “mother of the yeshivas”
Mir yeshiva
Ponevezh Yeshiva in Bnei Brak, Israel
Chachmei Lublin Yeshiva, now a national monument
The Breslov Yeshiva in Mea Shearim, Jerusalem.
Satmar Yeshiva in Brooklyn, New York.
Bobov Kollel in Jerusalem
Geula branch of Porat Yosef Yeshiva.
Kisse Rahamim yeshivah, Bnei Brak
JTS building in Manhattan
Reconstructionist Rabbinical College
Beth Medrash Govoha, Lakewood, New Jersey – largest yeshiva outside Israel.
Mercaz Harav, Jerusalem
Kollel Birkat Yitzhak, Moscow
Mir Yeshiva in Brooklyn
Mincha, Yeshiva Centre, Melbourne
Talmud Torah, Russia, 1937
Yeshiva High School, Tel Aviv, 1938
"Cheder"-class in Talmud, Tel Aviv, 1946.
Bet Midrash, Yeshivat Kerem B'Yavneh
Gemara, the first page of tractate Rosh Hashanah
A full set of the Babylonian Talmud
Chavrusas learning beki'ut, recording their summary of each sugya alongside its Mishnah
Set of Mishneh Torah
Cover of the first edition of Mesillat Yesharim.
Chumash with Mikraot Gedolot
Chumash with Yiddish translation

The super-commentaries by "Maharshal", "Maharam" and "Maharsha" address the three together.

Elijah Mizrachi

Elijah Mizrachi (אליהו מזרחי) (c.

The first page of the Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Berachot, folio 2a. The center column contains the Talmud text, beginning with a section of Mishnah. The Gemara begins 14 lines down with the abbreviation גמ (gimmel-mem) in larger type. Mishnah and Gemara sections alternate throughout the Talmud. The blocks of text on either side are the Rashi and Tosafot commentaries, printed in Rashi script. Other notes and cross references are in the margins.

Several commentaries have been written on Mizrachi, including Yeri'ot Shlomo by Solomon Luria (Maharshal), a supercommentary on Sefer ha-Mizrachi by Barzillai ben Baruch Jabez, and strictures on the work by Samuel Edels, (Maharsha).

Shalom Shachna

Shalom Shachna (c.

(This, as well as the great scholarship of those who studied there, have led some to refer to Lublin as "the Jewish Oxford".) Shachna was succeeded as head of Lublin Yeshiva by Solomon Luria (the Maharshal).

History of responsa in Judaism

See related articles: Rabbinic literature; Halakha: the codes of Jewish law.

Collected Responsa of Akiva Eger, Bar-Ilan University Library

The chief Polish representatives of the sixteenth century were Moses Isserles, Solomon Luria, and Meir Lublin; the responsa of these scholars throw a flood of light on the condition of the Jews of the period, who evidently took high rank in Poland and were not unfamiliar with military arts, since they offered their services to the duke or to the prince on the outbreak of a war (comp.

Sefer Mitzvot Gadol

Enumeration of the 613 commandments.

Manuscript fragment of Sefer Mitzvot Gadol, 13th century

The traditional commentaries on the "SeMaG" include the "Tosefe SeMaG" by Rabbi Elijah Mizrachi (the Re'em), and "Ammude Shlomo" by Rabbi Solomon Luria (the Maharshal).