Somali Armed Forces

Somali National ArmySomali ArmySomali militarymilitaryMilitary of SomaliaarmySNAChief of ArmySomali National Army (SNA)Somalian Army
The Somali Armed Forces are the military forces of Somalia, officially known as the Federal Republic of Somalia.wikipedia
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Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
The Somali Armed Forces are the military forces of Somalia, officially known as the Federal Republic of Somalia. Before the Somali civil war broke out, Somalia had the largest and strongest army in the African continent until the collapse of the central government during 1991.
The Transitional National Government (TNG) was established in 2000, followed by the formation of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) in 2004, which reestablished the military.

Somali Navy

Navy
The SAF was initially made up of the Army, Navy, Air Force and Police Force.
The Somali Navy (Ciidamada Badda Soomaaliyeed, القوات البحرية الصومالية) is the naval warfare service branch of the Somali Armed Forces.

Ministry of Defence (Somalia)

Minister of DefenceMinister of DefenseDefense Minister
As of January 2014, the security sector is overseen by the Federal Government of Somalia's Ministry of Defence, Ministry of National Security, and Ministry of Interior and Federalism.
The Ministry of Defence (Wasaaradda Gaashaandhigga) is charged with co-ordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the Somali Armed Forces.

Somali Police Force

Police ForcepoliceIllalo
The SAF was initially made up of the Army, Navy, Air Force and Police Force.
It served as one of the principal organs of the Somali Armed Forces.

President of Somalia

PresidentSomali PresidentPresidents
Headed by the President as Commander in Chief, they are constitutionally mandated to ensure the nation's sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity.
The President is also commander-in-chief of the Somali Armed Forces.

Somali Air Force

Somali Air CorpsAir ForceSomali Aeronautical Corps
The SAF was initially made up of the Army, Navy, Air Force and Police Force.
His assassination was quickly followed by a military coup d'état on October 21, 1969 (the day after his funeral), in which the Somali Army seized power without encountering armed opposition — essentially a bloodless takeover.

Somalis

SomaliSomali peopleSomali clan
Historically, Somali society conferred distinction upon warriors (waranle) and rewarded military acumen.
His assassination was quickly followed by a military coup d'état on 21 October 1969 (the day after his funeral), in which the Somali Army seized power without encountering armed opposition — essentially a bloodless takeover.

Daud Abdulle Hirsi

The new military's first commander was Colonel Daud Abdulle Hirsi, a former officer in the British military administration's police force, the Somalia Gendarmerie.
He later joined the military, and eventually rose to the rank of Commander-in-Chief of the nascent Somali National Army (Ciidamadda Xoogga Dalka Soomaaliyeed), the first position of its kind.

Division 60 (Somalia)

Division 60
Three divisions (Division 21, Division 54, and Division 60) were formed, and later took part in the Ogaden War.
Division 60, Somali National Army (Somali: Qeybta 60aad) is a division of the Somali Armed Forces.

Mohammad Ali Samatar

Muhammad Ali SamatarMohamed Ali SamatarAli Samatar
Major General Samantar (Mohammad Ali Samatar) was not only commander of the National Army – and therefore commander of the organizationally subordinated navy and air force- but also secretary of state for defence and a vice president of SRC and thus a member of the major decision-making body of the government.
A lieutenant general in the Somali National Army (SNA), Samatar was a key figure in Somali politics throughout the 1970s and 1980s.

Division 21 (Somalia)

Division 21
Three divisions (Division 21, Division 54, and Division 60) were formed, and later took part in the Ogaden War.
Division 21, Somali National Army (Somali: Qeybta 21aad) is a division of the Somali Armed Forces.

Ogaden War

Ethio-Somali WarOgaden campaign1977–1978 conflict with Ethiopia
Three divisions (Division 21, Division 54, and Division 60) were formed, and later took part in the Ogaden War. Under the leadership of General Abdullah Mohamed Fadil, Abdullahi Ahmed Irro and other senior Somali military officials formulated a plan of attack for what was to become the Ogaden War in Ethiopia.
A third of the initial Somali National Army invasion force was killed, and half of the Somali Airforce destroyed; the war left Somalia with a disorganized and demoralized army and an angry population.

Federal Government of Somalia

Federal GovernmentSomali governmentGovernment of Somalia
As of January 2014, the security sector is overseen by the Federal Government of Somalia's Ministry of Defence, Ministry of National Security, and Ministry of Interior and Federalism.
The central government's Ministry of Defence is officially responsible for the Somali Armed Forces and its various subdivisions.

Somali Civil War

civil warSomaliaSomalian Civil War
Before the Somali civil war broke out, Somalia had the largest and strongest army in the African continent until the collapse of the central government during 1991.
By 1988–90, the Somali Armed Forces began engaging various armed rebel groups, including the Somali Salvation Democratic Front in the northeast, the Somali National Movement in the northwest, and the United Somali Congress in the south.

Salaad Gabeyre Kediye

In 1972, the National Security Court, headed by admiral Mohamed Gelle Yusuf, ordered the execution of Siad Barre's fellow coup instigators, Major General Mohamed Aynanshe Guleid (who had become the Vice President), Brigadier General Salaad Gabeyre Kediye and Lieutenant Colonel Abdulkadir Dheel Abdulle.
He later rose to the rank of General in the Somali National Army (SNA).

Abdullahi Ahmed Irro

Abdullahi Yusuf Irro
Under the leadership of General Abdullah Mohamed Fadil, Abdullahi Ahmed Irro and other senior Somali military officials formulated a plan of attack for what was to become the Ogaden War in Ethiopia.
After Somalia obtained its independence in 1960, Irro joined the nascent Somali National Army (SNA), becoming the force's 32nd officer.

Abdulkadir Dheel

In 1972, the National Security Court, headed by admiral Mohamed Gelle Yusuf, ordered the execution of Siad Barre's fellow coup instigators, Major General Mohamed Aynanshe Guleid (who had become the Vice President), Brigadier General Salaad Gabeyre Kediye and Lieutenant Colonel Abdulkadir Dheel Abdulle.
A Colonel in the Somali National Army (SNA), Abdulkadir Dheel was among the military officials that were executed by the government on suspicion of involvement in a coup d'état in 1971.

Abdullah Mohamed Fadil

Under the leadership of General Abdullah Mohamed Fadil, Abdullahi Ahmed Irro and other senior Somali military officials formulated a plan of attack for what was to become the Ogaden War in Ethiopia.
Fadil was the first Joint Chiefs of Staff and Commander of the Somali Armed Forces (SAF), and was a senior member of the Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC).

Mohamud Muse Hersi

Adde MuseAdde MusaMohamud "Adde" Muse Hersi
While the IISS did not list them in July 1976, there is evidence that they were formed as early as 1970 or earlier: Mohamud Muse Hersi has been listed by somaliaonline.com as commander of the 21st Division from 1970 to 1972, and Muse Hassan Sheikh Sayid Abdulle as commander 26th Division in 1970–71.
A former General in the Somali Armed Forces of long-time Somali president Mohamed Siad Barre, Muse later became a local and state governor in northern Somalia before the outbreak of the Somali Civil War.

Fall of Mogadishu

entered MogadishuMogadishurecaptured the capital
On 28 December 2006, the allied forces recaptured the capital from the ICU.
The Fall of Mogadishu occurred on December 28, 2006, when the militaries of Somalia's Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and Ethiopian troops entered the Somali capital unopposed.

Maslah Mohammed Siad Barre

Maslah Mohammed Siad
Barre's son, Maslah Mohammed Siad Barre was commanding the 77th Sector in Mogadishu in November 1987, and later became Chief of Staff (also reported as Commander-in-Chief) of the Army.
Maslah Mohammed Siad Barre was a Somali National Army general and son of longtime Somali ruler Mohamed Siad Barre.

Muse Hassan Sheikh Sayid Abdulle

Muse Hassan AbdulleAmbassador Muse Hassan Sheikh Sayid AbdulleMuse Hassan
While the IISS did not list them in July 1976, there is evidence that they were formed as early as 1970 or earlier: Mohamud Muse Hersi has been listed by somaliaonline.com as commander of the 21st Division from 1970 to 1972, and Muse Hassan Sheikh Sayid Abdulle as commander 26th Division in 1970–71.
Abdulle was a prominent member of the Somali National Army.

Kismayo

KismayuKismaayoKisimayo
On 27 January 1991, Siad Barre fled the capital for Kismayo, along with many of his supporters.
In September 2012, the Somali National Army and AMISOM troops re-captured the city from the Al-Shabaab insurgents.

Mohammed Said Hersi Morgan

Mohammed Said Hersi "MorganHersi "MorganHersi Morgan
Mohammed Said Hersi Morgan has been reported as 26th Sector commander from 1986 to 1988.
William Clarke writes that Morgan was appointed as Somali National Army commander-in-chief on 25 November 1990.

Abdulkadir Sheikh Dini

On 13 March 2013, Dahir Adan Elmi was appointed Chief of Army at a transfer ceremony in Mogadishu, where he replaced Abdulkadir Sheikh Dini.
He served as Chief of Army from March 2011 to March 2013, under both the Transitional Federal Government and the succeeding Federal Government of Somalia.