Somali Latin alphabet

Latin alphabetLatin scriptmodified Latin scriptSomali orthography
The Somali Latin alphabet is an official writing script in the Federal Republic of Somalia and its constituent Federal Member States.wikipedia
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Somali language

SomalisomAf Soomaali
It was developed by the Somali linguist Musa Haji Ismail Galal specifically for transcribing the Somali language, and is based on the Latin script.
The Somali language is written officially with the Latin alphabet.

Somalis

SomaliSomali peopleSomali clan
It was developed by the Somali linguist Musa Haji Ismail Galal specifically for transcribing the Somali language, and is based on the Latin script.
Of these, the Somali Latin alphabet is the most widely used, and has been the official writing script in Somalia since the government of former President of Somalia Mohamed Siad Barre formally introduced it in October 1972.

Somali alphabets

Somali alphabetLatin scriptSomali orthography
*Somali alphabets
Of these, the Somali Latin alphabet is the most widely used.

Writing system

scriptwriting systemsscripts
The Somali Latin alphabet is an official writing script in the Federal Republic of Somalia and its constituent Federal Member States.

Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
The Somali Latin alphabet is an official writing script in the Federal Republic of Somalia and its constituent Federal Member States.

States and regions of Somalia

autonomous regionRegional StateState
The Somali Latin alphabet is an official writing script in the Federal Republic of Somalia and its constituent Federal Member States.

Latin script

LatinLatin alphabetRoman script
It was developed by the Somali linguist Musa Haji Ismail Galal specifically for transcribing the Somali language, and is based on the Latin script.

Alphabet

alphabeticalphabetsalphabetical
The Somali Latin alphabet uses all letters of the English Latin alphabet except p, v and z.

Diacritic

diacriticsdiacritical markdiacritical marks
There are no diacritics or other special characters, although it includes three consonant digraphs: DH, KH and SH.

Digraph (orthography)

digraphdigraphsdouble vowel
There are no diacritics or other special characters, although it includes three consonant digraphs: DH, KH and SH.

Glottal stop

ʔGlottalglottal stops
Tone is not marked and a word-initial glottal stop is also not shown.

Orthography

orthographicorthographiesorthographically
The Somali Latin alphabet is largely phonemic, with consonants having a one-to-one correspondence between graphemes and phonemes.

Grapheme

graphemescharacterscharacter
The Somali Latin alphabet is largely phonemic, with consonants having a one-to-one correspondence between graphemes and phonemes.

Somali phonology

phonemeSomali
The Somali Latin alphabet is largely phonemic, with consonants having a one-to-one correspondence between graphemes and phonemes.

Diphthong

diphthongsfalling diphthonggliding vowel
Diphthongs are represented using Y or W as the second element (AY, AW, EY, OY and OW) and long diphthongs are shown with the first vowel doubled.

Arabic alphabet

ArabicArabic scriptArabic letters
The Somali Latin alphabet, which follows an Arabic-based order, is seen in the following table.

Shire Jama Ahmed

Shire Jama Ahmed (Shire jama ahmed, شيري جامع أحمد) was a Somali linguist notable for his contribution to the creation of the modern Latin script for transcribing the Somali language.

Somali National University

Somalia National UniversityLafole UniversitySarinley Moalim Sarmaale
When the Somali linguist Shire Jama Ahmed's modified Latin script was chosen by the Siad Barre administration as the nation's official orthography, Somali language courses began to spring up throughout the country.

Osmanya script

OsmanyaOsmanya alphabetOsmania alphabet
While Osmanya gained reasonably wide acceptance in Somalia and quickly produced a considerable body of literature, it proved difficult to spread among the population mainly due to stiff competition from the long-established Arabic script as well as the emerging Somali Latin alphabet developed by the Somali linguist Shire Jama Ahmed.

Lilias Armstrong

Armstrong, LiliasArmstrong, Lilias E.Armstrong, L.E.
Her research was based on two Somalis, and she gives their names as "Mr. Isman Dubet of Adadleh, about 25 miles northeast of Hargeisa, and Mr. Haji Farah of Berbera"; in Somali orthography, these names would be Cismaan Dubad and Xaaji Faarax.

Sh (digraph)

shSh sh digraph
Sh represents the sound in the Somali Latin Alphabet.