Somali Republic

SomaliaRepublic of Somalia1960 independencecivilian administrationcountry created the previous yearSomali government
The Somali Republic (Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliyeed, Repubblica Somala, الجمهورية الصومالية ) was the official name of Somalia after independence on July 1, 1960, following the unification of the Trust Territory of Somaliland (the former Italian Somaliland) and the State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland).wikipedia
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Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
The Somali Republic (Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliyeed, Repubblica Somala, الجمهورية الصومالية ) was the official name of Somalia after independence on July 1, 1960, following the unification of the Trust Territory of Somaliland (the former Italian Somaliland) and the State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland).
In 1960, the two regions united to form the independent Somali Republic under a civilian government.

Italian Somaliland

Italian SomaliaSomaliaSomaliland
The Somali Republic (Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliyeed, Repubblica Somala, الجمهورية الصومالية ) was the official name of Somalia after independence on July 1, 1960, following the unification of the Trust Territory of Somaliland (the former Italian Somaliland) and the State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland).
On July 1, 1960, the Trust Territory of Somaliland united as scheduled with the former British Somaliland protectorate to form the Somali Republic.

Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal

Mohamed Haji Ibrahim EgalEgalIbrahim Egal
A government was formed by Abdullahi Issa Mohamud and Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal and other members of the trusteeship and protectorate administrations, with Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf as President of the Somali National Assembly and Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as President of the Somali Republic.
He was the first prime minister of the Somali Republic during the early and late 1960s.

State of Somaliland

Somalilandformer British Somaliland
The Somali Republic (Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliyeed, Repubblica Somala, الجمهورية الصومالية ) was the official name of Somalia after independence on July 1, 1960, following the unification of the Trust Territory of Somaliland (the former Italian Somaliland) and the State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland).
It was the name assumed by the former British Somaliland protectorate in the five days between June 26, 1960 and July 1, 1960, when the territory prepared for union as scheduled with the Trust Territory of Somaliland under Italian Administration (the former Italian Somaliland) to form the Somali Republic, the first incarnation of modern-day Somalia.

Aden Adde

Aden Abdullah Osman DaarAden Abdulle OsmanAden Abdulle Osman Daar
A government was formed by Abdullahi Issa Mohamud and Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal and other members of the trusteeship and protectorate administrations, with Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf as President of the Somali National Assembly and Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as President of the Somali Republic.
He was the first President of Somali Republic present-day known as Somalia, serving from July 1, 1960, to July 6, 1967.

British Somaliland

SomalilandSomaliland ProtectorateBritish Somaliland Protectorate
The Somali Republic (Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliyeed, Repubblica Somala, الجمهورية الصومالية ) was the official name of Somalia after independence on July 1, 1960, following the unification of the Trust Territory of Somaliland (the former Italian Somaliland) and the State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland).
Five days later, on 1 July 1960, the State of Somaliland voluntarily united with the Trust Territory of Somalia (the former Italian Somalia) to form the Somali Republic.

Trust Territory of Somaliland

Trust Territory of Somaliatrusteeship periodSomalia
The Somali Republic (Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliyeed, Repubblica Somala, الجمهورية الصومالية ) was the official name of Somalia after independence on July 1, 1960, following the unification of the Trust Territory of Somaliland (the former Italian Somaliland) and the State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland).
On July 1, 1960, the two territories united as planned to form the Somali Republic.

1961 Somali constitutional referendum

popular referendumreferendum1961
On 20 July 1961 and through a popular referendum, the people of Somalia ratified a new constitution, which was first drafted in 1960.
A constitutional referendum was held in Somalia on 20 June 1961 to vote on the new constitution for the country created the previous year by the union of British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland.

Haji Bashir

Haji Bashir Ismail YusufHaji Bashir Ismail YussufHagi Bashir Ismail
A government was formed by Abdullahi Issa Mohamud and Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal and other members of the trusteeship and protectorate administrations, with Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf as President of the Somali National Assembly and Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as President of the Somali Republic.
He was a prominent Somali Youth League (SYL) member and the first President of the Somali National Assembly during the Somali Republic's early civilian administration.

Somalis

SomaliSomali peopleSomali clan
The national ideal professed by Somalis was one of political and legal equality in which historical Somali values and acquired Western practices appeared to coincide.
These were advantages that British Somaliland, which was to be incorporated into the new Somali Republic state, did not have.

Flag of Somalia

Somali flagSomaliaFlag
The national flag also featured a five-pointed star, whose points represented areas traditionally inhabited by ethnic Somalis: the former Italian Somaliland and British Somaliland, the Ogaden, French Somaliland, and the Northern Frontier District.
The flag was used for the nascent Somali Republic.

Mogadishu

Mogadishu, SomaliaMogadiscioMuqdisho
In April 1960, leaders of the two territories met in Mogadishu and agreed to form a unitary state.
A government was formed by Abdullahi Issa and other members of the trusteeship and protectorate governments, with Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf as President of the Somali National Assembly, Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as President of the Somali Republic, and Abdirashid Ali Shermarke as Prime Minister (later to become President from 1967 to 1969).

Abdirashid Shermarke

Abdirashid Ali ShermarkeAbdirashid Ali SharmarkeA. A. Shermarke
On 22 July 1960, Daar appointed Abdirashid Ali Shermarke as Prime Minister.
On 1 July 1960, the State of Somaliland and the Trust Territory of Somaliland (previously Italian Somaliland) united to form the Somali Republic.

Somali Youth League

SYL
Shermarke formed a coalition government dominated by the Somali Youth League (SYL) but supported by the two clan-based northern parties, the Somali National League (SNL) and the United Somali Party (USP).
On July 1, 1960, the two territories united to form the Somali Republic, albeit within boundaries drawn up by Italy and Britain.

Dir (clan)

DirDir clanBajimaal
At independence, the northern region had two functioning political parties: the SNL, representing the Isaaq clan-family that constituted a numerical majority there; and the USP, supported largely by the Dir and the Daarood.

Greater Somalia

Pan-Somalismpan-Somalistannex
The southern opposition party, the Greater Somalia League (GSL), pro-Arab and militantly pan-Somalist, attracted the support of the SNL and the USP against the SYL, which had adopted a moderate stand before independence.
The first armed conflict following the independence and unification of the former British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland territories, known collectively as the Somali Republic, began in 1963 in an ethnic Oromo and Somali district, Elekere, then part of Bale province, instigated by the Oromo founder of the United Liberation Forces of Oromia, Waqo Gutu.

Shifta War

insurgentsshifta menace
These policies culminated in the Shifta War between Somali rebels and the Kenyan police and army.
The war ended in 1967 when Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal, Prime Minister of the Somali Republic, signed a ceasefire with Kenya at the Arusha Conference on October 23, 1967.

Siad Barre

Mohamed Siad BarreMuhammad Siad BarreBarre
The coup was spearheaded by Major General Mohamed Siad Barre, who at the time commanded the army.
Barre, a major general of the gendarmerie, became President of Somalia after the 1969 coup d'état that overthrew the Somali Republic following the assassination of President Abdirashid Ali Shermarke.

History of Somalia

Campaign of the SultanateshistoryPersecution of the Majeerteen
On 1 July 1960, the two regions united as planned to form the independent Somali Republic under a civilian government.

National anthem of Somalia (1960–2000)

Anthem of the Somali Democratic RepublicAnthem of the Somali RepublicHeesta qaranqa Soomaaliya
The Somali Republic was formed on 1 July 1960 following the union of the newly independent Trust Territory of Somalia (the former Italian Somaliland) and the State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland).

Independence Day (Somalia)

independenceIndependence DayIndependence Day of Somalia
The date celebrates the unification of the Trust Territory of Somalia (the former Italian Somalia) and the State of Somalia (the former British Somaliland) on July 1, 1960, which formed the Somali Republic.

Political union

unionreunificationstate union
The Somali Republic (Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliyeed, Repubblica Somala, الجمهورية الصومالية ) was the official name of Somalia after independence on July 1, 1960, following the unification of the Trust Territory of Somaliland (the former Italian Somaliland) and the State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland).

Abdullahi Issa

Abdullahi Issa Mohamud
A government was formed by Abdullahi Issa Mohamud and Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal and other members of the trusteeship and protectorate administrations, with Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf as President of the Somali National Assembly and Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as President of the Somali Republic.

Federal Parliament of Somalia

Federal ParliamentSomali National Assemblyparliament
A government was formed by Abdullahi Issa Mohamud and Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal and other members of the trusteeship and protectorate administrations, with Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf as President of the Somali National Assembly and Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as President of the Somali Republic.

List of presidents of Somalia

President of SomaliaPresidentvacant
A government was formed by Abdullahi Issa Mohamud and Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal and other members of the trusteeship and protectorate administrations, with Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf as President of the Somali National Assembly and Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as President of the Somali Republic.