Somali Salvation Democratic Front

SSDFDemocratic Front for Salvation of SomaliaSomali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF)
Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF) (Jabhadda Diimuqraadiga Badbaadinta Soomaaliyeed), initially known as the Democratic Front for Salvation of Somalia, was a political and paramilitary umbrella organization in Somalia.wikipedia
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Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF) (Jabhadda Diimuqraadiga Badbaadinta Soomaaliyeed), initially known as the Democratic Front for Salvation of Somalia, was a political and paramilitary umbrella organization in Somalia.
Among the militia groups were the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF), United Somali Congress (USC), Somali National Movement (SNM) and the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), together with the non-violent political oppositions of the Somali Democratic Movement (SDM), the Somali Democratic Alliance (SDA) and the Somali Manifesto Group (SMG).

Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed

Abdullahi Yusuf2006 Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed assassination attemptAbdullahi tYusuf Ahmed
Among these was Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, Somalia's former military attaché to Moscow, who was imprisoned for several years by the new military regime. One was led by General Mohamed Abshir Muse (chairman), who at the time was based in Saudi Arabia, and the other was led by Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed (deputy chairman).
He was one of the founders of the Somali Salvation Democratic Front, as well as the Puntland State of Somalia, where he served as the autonomous region's first President.

Hassan Ali Mire

In 1986 an SSDF congress was held, which elected Dr. Hassan Ali Mire as chairman.
Mire later co-founded and chaired the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF).

Siad Barre

Mohamed Siad BarreMuhammad Siad BarreBarre
Founded in 1978 by several army officers, it was the first of several opposition groups dedicated to ousting the authoritarian regime of Mohamed Siad Barre. In the summer of 1982 SSDF forces took part in an 1982 Ethiopian-Somali Border War against Siad Barre.
Among the militia groups that led the rebellion were the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF), United Somali Congress (USC), Somali National Movement (SNM) and the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), together with the non-violent political oppositions of the Somali Democratic Movement (SDM), the Somali Democratic Alliance (SDA) and the Somali Manifesto Group (SMG).

1982 Ethiopian–Somali Border War

1982 Ethiopian-Somali Border WarEthiopian–Somali Border WarAugust Border Clash
In the summer of 1982 SSDF forces took part in an 1982 Ethiopian-Somali Border War against Siad Barre.
In the middle of July the SSDF (Somalia Salvation Democratic Front also known as Democratic Front for Salvation of Somalia), a paramilitary umbrella organization created after Siad Barre's reign as dictator began, and Ethiopia armed with soviet military weapons and machines crossed over the disputed Ogaden region into the Mudug region of Somalia.

Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party

Secretary-general of the Somali Revolutionary Socialist PartySRSPSomalia
Some former CC members of the Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party were part of the leadership of the new group.
In 1981 dissident factions would emerge as the Democratic Front for Salvation of Somalia.

Somali Civil War

civil warSomaliaSomalian Civil War
By 1988–90, the Somali Armed Forces began engaging various armed rebel groups, including the Somali Salvation Democratic Front in the northeast, the Somali National Movement in the northwest, and the United Somali Congress in the south.

Mohamed Abshir Muse

One was led by General Mohamed Abshir Muse (chairman), who at the time was based in Saudi Arabia, and the other was led by Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed (deputy chairman).
He later on became the leader of the SSDF's political wing while Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed led the armed wing from 1991 to 1998.

Democratic Front for the Liberation of Somalia

The SSDF formally incorporated in Aden, South Yemen in October 1981 through the merger of three groups, Somali Salvation Front, Somali Workers Party and the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Somalia.
In 1981, DFLS merged with the Somali Salvation Front and the Somali Workers Party, forming the Somali Salvation Democratic Front.

Mohamed Abshir Waldo

In 1984, Mohamed Abshir Waldo was installed as provisional SSDF Chairman.
In 1980s, he became Information Minister for the Somali Salvation Democratic Front and briefly served as the head of the organization.

Transitional federal government, Republic of Somalia

Transitional Federal GovernmentTFGTFG coalition
After serving two terms as President of Puntland, Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed was elected in 2004 as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG), an interim federal administrative body that he had helped establish earlier in the year.
On 8 January 2007, as the Battle of Ras Kamboni raged, TFG President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, a former colonel in the Somali Army decorated for bravery during the Somali-Ethiopian wars of 1964 and 1977 and erstwhile leader of the Somali Salvation Democratic Front, entered Mogadishu for the first time since being elected to office.

United Somali Congress

USCSomaliaSomali Salvation Alliance
Military successes by the USC would be instrumental in bringing about the ouster of the Barre government on January 26, 1991, but the USC failed to manage a political settlement with its rivals, the SNM, SPM and the SSDF, and also fragmented within its own leadership after Ali Mahdi Muhammad was declared interim President.

Somali Democratic Republic

SomaliaDemocratic Republic of SomaliaCommunist Somalia
Among the militia groups were the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF), United Somali Congress (USC), Somali National Movement (SNM) and the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), together with the non-violent political oppositions of the Somali Democratic Movement (SDM), the Somali Democratic Alliance (SDA) and the Somali Manifesto Group (SMG).

Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya

Al-Ittihad Al-IslamiyaAIAIal-Ittihaad al-Islamiya
In 1992, he marshalled forces to successfully expel an Islamist extremist group linked to Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya that had taken over Bosaso, a prominent port city and the commercial capital of the northeastern part of the country.

Majeerteen

MajerteenIsmaan SultanateMajeerteen Sultanate
With its power base mainly in the Majeerteen clan, SSDF representatives, along with local elders, intellectuals and business people, were instrumental in the establishment in 1998 of the autonomous Puntland region in northeastern Somalia. In 1978, together with a group of officials mainly from his own Majeerteen (Darod) clan, Ahmed participated in a failed attempt to overthrow Barre's dictatorial administration.

Puntland

Puntland State of SomaliaGeography of PuntlandClimate of Puntland
With its power base mainly in the Majeerteen clan, SSDF representatives, along with local elders, intellectuals and business people, were instrumental in the establishment in 1998 of the autonomous Puntland region in northeastern Somalia.

Las Anod

LaascaanoodLasanod
On October 15, 1969, while paying a visit to the northern town of Las Anod, Somalia's then President Abdirashid Ali Shermarke was shot dead by one of his own bodyguards.

Abdirashid Shermarke

Abdirashid Ali ShermarkeAbdirashid Ali SharmarkeA. A. Shermarke
On October 15, 1969, while paying a visit to the northern town of Las Anod, Somalia's then President Abdirashid Ali Shermarke was shot dead by one of his own bodyguards.

Coup d'état

coupcoup d'etatmilitary coup
His assassination was quickly followed by a military coup d'état on October 21, 1969 (the day after his funeral), in which the Somali Army seized power without encountering armed opposition — essentially a bloodless takeover.

Military attaché

naval attachémilitary attacheDefence Attaché
Among these was Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, Somalia's former military attaché to Moscow, who was imprisoned for several years by the new military regime.

Moscow

Moscow, RussiaMoscow, Soviet UnionMoskva
Among these was Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, Somalia's former military attaché to Moscow, who was imprisoned for several years by the new military regime.

Darod

HartiDaroodAbsame
In 1978, together with a group of officials mainly from his own Majeerteen (Darod) clan, Ahmed participated in a failed attempt to overthrow Barre's dictatorial administration.

Ethiopia

EthiopianAbyssiniaFederal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Later that year, in neighboring Ethiopia, Ahmed formed a guerrilla movement called the Somali Salvation Front, which was subsequently renamed the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF) in 1979.

Guerrilla warfare

guerrillaguerrillasguerrilla war
Later that year, in neighboring Ethiopia, Ahmed formed a guerrilla movement called the Somali Salvation Front, which was subsequently renamed the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF) in 1979.

BBC

British Broadcasting Corporationthe BBCBBC Music
The first SSDF chairman was Mustafa Haji Noor, a former BBC and Radio Hargeisa broadcaster who hailed from the Isaaq clan.