Somali alphabets

Somali alphabetLatin scriptSomali orthographyLatin alphabetSomaliSomali Latin alphabetorthography Somali Latin scriptSomali National ScriptSomali script
A number of writing systems have been used to transcribe the Somali language.wikipedia
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Arabic script

ArabicPerso-Arabic scriptPerso-Arabic
Prior to the twentieth century, the Arabic script was used for writing Somali.

Supreme Revolutionary Council (Somalia)

Supreme Revolutionary CouncilSomali Women's Democratic Organization1969–1976; 1980–1991
It has been the official writing script in Somalia since the Supreme Revolutionary Council formally introduced it in October 1972, and was disseminated through a nationwide rural literacy campaign.
In October 1972, the government unilaterally elected to use the modified Latin script of the linguist Shire Jama Ahmed for writing Somali instead of the Arabic or Osmanya scripts.

Somali Latin alphabet

Latin alphabetLatin scriptmodified Latin script
Of these, the Somali Latin alphabet is the most widely used. The Somali Latin script, or Somali Latin alphabet, was developed by the Somali linguist Shire Jama Ahmed specifically for the Somali language.
*Somali alphabets

Borama script

BoramaBorama alphabet
Writing systems developed locally in the twentieth century include the Osmanya, Borama and Kaddare scripts. The Borama alphabet (Gadabuursi script) was devised around 1933 by Abdurahman Sheikh Nuur of the Gadabuursi clan.

Osmanya script

OsmanyaOsmanya alphabetOsmania alphabet
Writing systems developed locally in the twentieth century include the Osmanya, Borama and Kaddare scripts.

Kaddare script

KaddareKaddare alphabet
Writing systems developed locally in the twentieth century include the Osmanya, Borama and Kaddare scripts.

Shire Jama Ahmed

The Somali Latin script, or Somali Latin alphabet, was developed by the Somali linguist Shire Jama Ahmed specifically for the Somali language.
*Somali alphabet

Osman Yusuf Kenadid

Osman Yuusuf Keenadiid
It was invented between 1920 and 1922 by Osman Yusuf Kenadid of the Majeerteen Darod clan, the nephew of Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid of the Sultanate of Hobyo (Obbia).
This renaissance would last until the government of then President of Somalia Mohamed Siad Barre unilaterally elected in 1972 to make the modified Latin script devised by Shire Jama Ahmed the nation's official writing system.

Sheikh Abdurahman Sh. Nur

Sheikh Abdurahman Sheikh NuurAbdurahman Sheikh NuurSheikh 'Abdurahman Sh. Nur
The Borama alphabet (Gadabuursi script) was devised around 1933 by Abdurahman Sheikh Nuur of the Gadabuursi clan.

Writing system

scriptwriting systemsscripts
A number of writing systems have been used to transcribe the Somali language.

Somali language

SomalisomAf Soomaali
A number of writing systems have been used to transcribe the Somali language.

Diacritic

diacriticsdiacritical markdiacritical marks
There are no diacritics or other special characters, except the use of the apostrophe for the glottal stop, which does not occur word-initially.

Glottal stop

ʔGlottalglottal stops
There are no diacritics or other special characters, except the use of the apostrophe for the glottal stop, which does not occur word-initially.

Digraph (orthography)

digraphdigraphsdouble vowel
Additionally, there are three consonant digraphs: DH, KH and SH.

Printing press

pressprinting pressesprinting-press
Eventually, Shire Jama Ahmed's refined Somali Latin script was adopted, an alphabet which he used to publish pamphlets and small Af Soomaali drillbooks in his own printing press.

Mogadishu

Mogadishu, SomaliaMogadiscioMuqdisho
Pamphlets explaining the new standardization were released to the public in a soccer stadium in Mogadishu on October 10, 1972.

Wadaad writing

Wadaad's writingArabicGalal alphabet
Before the arrival of the Italians and British, Somalis and religious fraternities either wrote in Arabic or used an ad hoc transliteration of Somali into Arabic script referred to as Wadaad's writing.

Qasida

Qasidahqaṣīdaqasideh
Various such historical manuscripts in Somali nonetheless exist, which mainly consist of Islamic poems (qasidas), recitations and chants.

Majeerteen

MajerteenIsmaan SultanateMajeerteen Sultanate
It was invented between 1920 and 1922 by Osman Yusuf Kenadid of the Majeerteen Darod clan, the nephew of Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid of the Sultanate of Hobyo (Obbia).

Darod

HartiDaroodAbsame
It was invented between 1920 and 1922 by Osman Yusuf Kenadid of the Majeerteen Darod clan, the nephew of Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid of the Sultanate of Hobyo (Obbia).

Sultan

SultanateSultansSulṭān
It was invented between 1920 and 1922 by Osman Yusuf Kenadid of the Majeerteen Darod clan, the nephew of Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid of the Sultanate of Hobyo (Obbia).

Yusuf Ali Kenadid

Yusuf Ali Keenadid
It was invented between 1920 and 1922 by Osman Yusuf Kenadid of the Majeerteen Darod clan, the nephew of Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid of the Sultanate of Hobyo (Obbia).

Sultanate of Hobyo

Sultan of Hobyo
It was invented between 1920 and 1922 by Osman Yusuf Kenadid of the Majeerteen Darod clan, the nephew of Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid of the Sultanate of Hobyo (Obbia).

Gadabuursi

GadabursiMakahiilBahabr Muse
The Borama alphabet (Gadabuursi script) was devised around 1933 by Abdurahman Sheikh Nuur of the Gadabuursi clan.

Borama

Boorama
A quite accurate phonetic writing system, the Borama script was principally used by Nuur and his circle of associates in his native city of Borama.