Somali language

SomalisomAf SoomaaliStandard SomaliNorthern SomalisoSomali dialectSomali-speakerSomali:Somalian
Somali (Af-Soomaali ) is an Afroasiatic language belonging to the Cushitic branch.wikipedia
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Somalis

SomaliSomali peopleSomali clan
It is spoken as a mother tongue by Somalis in Greater Somalia and the Somali diaspora.
The overwhelming majority of Somalis speak the Somali language, which is part of the Cushitic branch of the Afroasiatic (formerly Hamito-Semitic) family.

Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
Somali is an official language of Somalia, a national language in Djibouti, and a working language in the Somali Region of Ethiopia. Somali is spoken by Somalis in Somalia, Somaliland, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Yemen, Kenya, and by the Somali diaspora.
The official languages of Somalia are Somali and Arabic.

Ethiopia

EthiopianAbyssiniaFederal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Somali is an official language of Somalia, a national language in Djibouti, and a working language in the Somali Region of Ethiopia. Somali is spoken by Somalis in Somalia, Somaliland, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Yemen, Kenya, and by the Somali diaspora.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā,, Tigrinya: ኢትዮጵያ, Oromo: Itiyoophiyaa, Somali: Itoobiya, Afar: Itiyoophiyaa), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk, ), is a country in the northeastern part of Africa, known as the Horn of Africa.

Djibouti

Republic of DjiboutiDjiboutianDjibuti
Somali is an official language of Somalia, a national language in Djibouti, and a working language in the Somali Region of Ethiopia. Somali is spoken by Somalis in Somalia, Somaliland, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Yemen, Kenya, and by the Somali diaspora.
In local languages it is known as Yibuuti (in Afar), جيبوتي, Jībūtī (in Arabic), and Jabuuti (in Somali).

Cushitic languages

CushiticCushitic languageEast Cushitic
Somali (Af-Soomaali ) is an Afroasiatic language belonging to the Cushitic branch.
The Cushitic languages with the greatest number of total speakers are Oromo (25 million), Somali (16.2 million), Beja (3.2 million), Sidamo (3 million), and Afar (2 million).

Afar language

AfaraarDanakil
Somali is classified within the Cushitic branch of the Afroasiatic family; specifically, as Lowland East Cushitic along with Afar and Saho.
It is further categorized in the Lowland East Cushitic sub-group, along with Saho and Somali.

Somali diaspora

diasporaRefugees of Somaliacommunities in Europe
It is spoken as a mother tongue by Somalis in Greater Somalia and the Somali diaspora. Somali is spoken by Somalis in Somalia, Somaliland, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Yemen, Kenya, and by the Somali diaspora.
In 2014 there were 16,721 Somali speakers in Finland.

Somali Latin alphabet

Latin alphabetLatin scriptmodified Latin script
The Somali language is written officially with the Latin alphabet.
It was developed by the Somali linguist Musa Haji Ismail Galal specifically for transcribing the Somali language, and is based on the Latin script.

Regional Somali Language Academy

The Somali language is regulated by the Regional Somali Language Academy, an intergovernmental institution established in June 2013 in Djibouti City by the governments of Djibouti, Somalia and Ethiopia.
The Regional Somali Language Academy (RSLA) is an intergovernmental regulating body for the Somali language in the Horn region.

Horn Cable Television

HCTVHorn Cable TV
Additionally, the regional public networks the Puntland TV and Radio and Somaliland National TV, as well as Eastern Television Network and Horn Cable Television, among other private broadcasters, air programs in Somali.
Founded in 2003, Horn Cable TV broadcasts in Somali from its headquarters in Hargeisa,

Radio Mogadishu

R. MogadiscioRadio MuqdishoSomali Broadcasting Service
The state-run Radio Mogadishu has also broadcast in Somali since 1943.
Established during the colonial period in Italian Somaliland, Radio Mogadishu initially broadcast news items in both Somali and Italian.

List of official languages by country and territory

List of official languages by stateLanguageofficial languages
Constitutionally, Somali and Arabic are the two official languages of Somalia.

Lowland East Cushitic languages

Lowland EastLowland East CushiticCushitic
Somali is classified within the Cushitic branch of the Afroasiatic family; specifically, as Lowland East Cushitic along with Afar and Saho.
Other prominent languages include Somali (spoken by ethnic Somalis in Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti, and Kenya) with about 15 million speakers, and Afar (in Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti) with about 1.5 million.

Arabic

Arabic languageArabic-languageArab
Constitutionally, Somali and Arabic are the two official languages of Somalia.
Arabic is also an important source of vocabulary for languages such as Amharic, Baluchi, Bengali, Berber, Bosnian, Chaldean, Chechen, Croatian, Dagestani, English, German, Gujarati, Hausa, Hindi, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kutchi, Kyrgyz, Malay (Malaysian and Indonesian), Pashto, Persian, Punjabi, Rohingya, Romance languages (French, Catalan, Italian, Portuguese, Sicilian, Spanish, etc.) Saraiki, Sindhi, Somali, Sylheti, Swahili, Tagalog, Tigrinya, Turkish, Turkmen, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek, Visayan and Wolof, as well as other languages in countries where these languages are spoken.

Benadiri Somali

Benadir
Somali linguistic varieties are broadly divided into three main groups: Northern, Benadir and Maay.
Benadiri Somali is a dialect of the Somali language.

Rahanweyn

DigilRahaweynHadame
Maay is principally spoken by the Digil and Mirifle (Rahanweyn or Sab) clans in the southern regions of Somalia.
The vast majority of the Somalis who speak Mai Terreh (also known as Mai-Mai or Af-Maay) are the Rahanweyn, while the speakers of Maxaa Tiri (i.e. Standard Somali) belong to other clans (Darod, Dir, Hawiye and Isaaq).

Mogadishu

Mogadishu, SomaliaMogadiscioMuqdisho
Benadir (also known as Coastal Somali) is spoken on the central Indian Ocean seaboard, including Mogadishu.
The origins of the name Mogadishu has many theories including from the Somali word Muuq Disho meaning sight-killer, or the Persian word Maq'ad-i-Shāh, which means "the seat of the Shah".

Djibouti (city)

Djibouti CityDjibouticity of Djibouti
The Somali language is regulated by the Regional Somali Language Academy, an intergovernmental institution established in June 2013 in Djibouti City by the governments of Djibouti, Somalia and Ethiopia.
The majority of local residents speak Somali (303,100 speakers) or Afar (101,200 speakers) as a first language, which are the mother tongues of the Somali and Afar ethnic groups, respectively.

Radio Television of Djibouti

Radio DjiboutiRadiodiffusion Télévision de DjiboutiR. Djibouti
Somali is used in television and radio broadcasts, with the government-operated Radio Djibouti transmitting programs in the language from 1943 onwards.
It broadcasts in four languages: Somali, Afar, Arabic and French.

Somali Region

SomaliSomali Regional State eastern Ethiopia
Somali is an official language of Somalia, a national language in Djibouti, and a working language in the Somali Region of Ethiopia.
Somali was spoken by 98.82% of the inhabitants.

Puntland TV and Radio

Additionally, the regional public networks the Puntland TV and Radio and Somaliland National TV, as well as Eastern Television Network and Horn Cable Television, among other private broadcasters, air programs in Somali.
Founded in April 2013, Puntland TV and Radio broadcasts locally in Somali via terrestrial service.

Afroasiatic languages

Afro-AsiaticAfroasiaticAfro-Asiatic languages
Somali (Af-Soomaali ) is an Afroasiatic language belonging to the Cushitic branch.

Somaliland

RegionRepublic of SomalilandDistrict
Somali is spoken by Somalis in Somalia, Somaliland, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Yemen, Kenya, and by the Somali diaspora.
Many people in Somaliland speak two of the three official languages: Somali, Arabic and English, although the rate of bilingualism is lower in rural areas.

Supreme Revolutionary Council (Somalia)

Supreme Revolutionary CouncilSomali Women's Democratic Organization1969–1976; 1980–1991
Somali has been an official national language since January 1973, when the Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC) declared it the Somali Democratic Republic's primary language of administration and education.
In October 1972, the government unilaterally elected to use the modified Latin script of the linguist Shire Jama Ahmed for writing Somali instead of the Arabic or Osmanya scripts.

Jiiddu language

Jiddujii
Maay is closely related with the Jiddu, Dabarre, Garre and Tunni varieties that are also spoken by smaller Rahanweyn communities.
Typically classified as part of the Digil group of languages, Jiiddu has a different phonology and sentence structure from Somali.