Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOMSomalianSomalilandindependenceSOSomali Democratic RepublicSomali governmentSomali Republic
Somalia ( Soomaaliya; الصومال), officially the Federal Republic of Somalia (Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya; جمهورية الصومال الاتحادية), is a sovereign country located in the Horn of Africa.wikipedia
8,151 Related Articles

Ethiopia

EthiopianAbyssiniaFederal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Guardafui Channel and Somali Sea to the east, and Kenya to the southwest.
It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, the de facto state of Somaliland and Somalia to the east, Kenya to the south, South Sudan to the west and Sudan to the northwest.

Somaliland

RegionRepublic of SomalilandDistrict
The country claims a border with Djibouti through the disputed territory of Somaliland.
Somaliland (Somaliland; صوماليلاند ', أرض الصومال '), officially the Republic of Somaliland (Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland, جمهورية صوماليلاند Jumhūrīyat Ṣūmālīlānd), is a self-declared state, internationally considered to be an autonomous region of Somalia.

Horn of Africa

HornSomali peninsulanortheastern Africa
Somalia ( Soomaaliya; الصومال), officially the Federal Republic of Somalia (Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya; جمهورية الصومال الاتحادية), is a sovereign country located in the Horn of Africa.
Referred to in ancient and medieval times as the land of the Barbara and Habesha, the Horn of Africa denotes the region containing the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia.

Kenya

KenyanRepublic of KenyaKEN
It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Guardafui Channel and Somali Sea to the east, and Kenya to the southwest.
Kenya is bordered by South Sudan to the North West, Ethiopia to the North, Somalia to the East, Uganda to the West, Tanzania to the South and the Indian Ocean to the South-East.

Djibouti

Republic of DjiboutiDjiboutianDjibuti
The country claims a border with Djibouti through the disputed territory of Somaliland.
In antiquity, the territory together with Somalia was part of the Land of Punt.

History of Somalia

Campaign of the SultanateshistoryPersecution of the Majeerteen
Italy acquired full control of the northeastern, central and southern parts of the area after successfully waging the Campaign of the Sultanates against the ruling Majeerteen Sultanate and Sultanate of Hobyo.
Somalia (Soomaaliya; ), officially the Federal Republic of Somalia (Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya, ) and formerly known as the Somali Democratic Republic, is a country located in the Horn of Africa.

Italian Somaliland

Italian SomaliaSomaliaSomaliland
In the late 19th century, the British and Italian empires established the colonies of British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland.
Italian Somaliland (Somalia italiana, الصومال الإيطالي Al-Sumal Al-Italiy, Dhulka Talyaaniga ee Soomaalida), sometimes also referred to as Italian Somalia, was a colony of the Kingdom of Italy in present-day northeastern, central and southern Somalia.

Somali Republic

SomaliaRepublic of Somalia1960 independence
In 1960, the two regions united to form the independent Somali Republic under a civilian government.
The Somali Republic (Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliyeed, Repubblica Somala, الجمهورية الصومالية ) was the official name of Somalia after independence on July 1, 1960, following the unification of the Trust Territory of Somaliland (the former Italian Somaliland) and the State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland).

Somali language

SomalisomAf Soomaali
The official languages of Somalia are Somali and Arabic.
Somali is an official language of Somalia, a national language in Djibouti, and a working language in the Somali Region of Ethiopia.

Somali Civil War

civil warSomaliaSomalian Civil War
The Supreme Revolutionary Council seized power in 1969 and established the Somali Democratic Republic, which collapsed in 1991 as the Somali Civil War broke out.
The Somali Civil War (Dagaalkii Sokeeye ee Soomaaliya, الحرب الأهلية الصومالية) is an ongoing civil war taking place in Somalia.

Supreme Revolutionary Council (Somalia)

Supreme Revolutionary CouncilSomali Women's Democratic Organization1969–1976; 1980–1991
The Supreme Revolutionary Council seized power in 1969 and established the Somali Democratic Republic, which collapsed in 1991 as the Somali Civil War broke out.
The Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC) (Gollaha Sare ee Kacaanka, المجلس الثوري الأعلى) was the governmental body that ruled Somalia from 1969 to 1976.

Somali Sea

It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Guardafui Channel and Somali Sea to the east, and Kenya to the southwest.
The Somali Sea is a body of water that borders the eastern coast of Somalia.

Xeer

customaryLaw of Somaliatraditional clan law
During this period most regions returned to customary and religious law.
Xeer (pronounced ) is the traditional legal system of Somalia, and one of the three systems from which formal Somali law draws its inspiration, the others being civil law and Islamic law.

Mogadishu

Mogadishu, SomaliaMogadiscioMuqdisho
The same month, the Federal Government of Somalia was formed and a period of reconstruction began in Mogadishu.
Mogadishu (, also ; Muqdisho ; مقديشو ; Mogadiscio ), locally known as Xamar or Hamar, is the capital and most populous city of Somalia.

Islamic Courts Union

Union of Islamic CourtsIslamic Court UnionICU
In 2006, the TFG assumed control of most of the nation's southern conflict zones from the newly formed Islamic Courts Union (ICU).
The Islamic Courts Union (ICU; Midowga Maxkamadaha Islaamiga; اتحاد المحاكم الإسلامية Ittihād al-mahākim al-islāmiyya) was a group of Sharia courts that united themselves to form a rival administration to the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia, with Sharif Sheikh Ahmed as their head.

Somali Democratic Republic

SomaliaDemocratic Republic of SomaliaCommunist Somalia
The Supreme Revolutionary Council seized power in 1969 and established the Somali Democratic Republic, which collapsed in 1991 as the Somali Civil War broke out.
The Somali Democratic Republic (Jamhuuriyadda Dimuqraadiya Soomaaliya, الجمهورية الديمقراطية الصومالية al-Jumhūrīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah aṣ-Ṣūmālīyah, Repubblica Democratica Somala) was the name that the Marxist–Leninist military government gave to Somalia under President Major General Mohamed Siad Barre, after seizing power in a coup d'état on 21 October 1969.

Federal Government of Somalia

Federal GovernmentSomali governmentGovernment of Somalia
The same month, the Federal Government of Somalia was formed and a period of reconstruction began in Mogadishu.
The Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) (Dowladda Federaalka Soomaaliya, حكومة الصومال الاتحادية) is the internationally recognised government of Somalia, and the first attempt to create a central government in Somalia since the collapse of the Somali Democratic Republic.

Sultanate of Hobyo

Sultan of Hobyo
Italy acquired full control of the northeastern, central and southern parts of the area after successfully waging the Campaign of the Sultanates against the ruling Majeerteen Sultanate and Sultanate of Hobyo.
The Sultanate of Hobyo (Saldanadda Hobyo, سلطنة هوبيو), also known as the Sultanate of Obbia, was a 19th-century Somali kingdom in present-day northeastern and central Somalia and eastern Ethiopia.

Constitution of Somalia

constitutionProvisional ConstitutionFederal Constitution
A new provisional constitution was passed in August 2012, which reformed Somalia as a federation.
The Provisional Constitution of the Federal Republic of Somalia (Dastuurka Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya) is the supreme law of Somalia.

Warsangali Sultanate

WarsangaliSultanate of Mohamoud Ali ShireWarsangeli Sultanate
During the Middle Ages, several powerful Somali empires dominated the regional trade, including the Ajuran Empire, the Adal Sultanate, the Warsangali Sultanate, and the Sultanate of the Geledi.
The Warsangali Sultanate (Saldanadda Warsangeli, سلطنة الورسنجلي) was a Somali Sultanate ruling house centered in northeastern of Somalia.

Majeerteen Sultanate

MajeerteenMigiurtiniaMajerteen Sultanate
Italy acquired full control of the northeastern, central and southern parts of the area after successfully waging the Campaign of the Sultanates against the ruling Majeerteen Sultanate and Sultanate of Hobyo.
Ruled by Boqor Osman Mahamuud during its golden age, the sultanate controlled much of northern and central Somalia in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

Las Khorey

LaasqorayLas QoreyLasqoray
Additionally, between the towns of Las Khorey and El Ayo in northern Somalia lies Karinhegane, the site of numerous cave paintings of real and mythical animals.
Las Khorey (Laasqoray, لاسقُرَى ) is an ancient coastal city in the northern Sanaag region of Somalia.

African Union Mission to Somalia (2007–present)

AMISOMAfrican Union Mission to SomaliaAfrican Union Mission in Somalia
The ICU subsequently splintered into more radical groups such as Al-Shabaab, which battled the TFG and its AMISOM allies for control of the region.
AMISOM replaced and subsumed the IGAD Peace Support Mission in Somalia (IGASOM), which was a proposed Intergovernmental Authority on Development protection and training mission to Somalia approved by the African Union on September 14, 2006.

Dervish movement (Somali)

Dervish StateDervish movementDervish
In the interior, Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Darwiish repelled the British four times, forcing a retreat to the coast, before succumbing in the Somaliland campaign (1920).
Hassan established a ruling council called the Khususi consisting of Islamic clan leaders and elders, added an adviser from the Ottoman Empire named Muhammad Ali and thus created a multiclan nationalist liberation movement in what later emerged as Somalia.

Laas Geel

Laas GaalLaas Geel complexLas Geel
The Laas Geel complex on the outskirts of Hargeisa in northwestern Somalia dates back approximately 5,000 years, and has rock art depicting both wild animals and decorated cows.
Laas Geel (Laas Geel), also spelled Laas Gaal, are cave formations on the rural outskirts of Hargeisa, Somaliland (situated in the Woqooyi Galbeed region of the self-declared but internationally unrecognised Republic of Somaliland).