Somaliland Camel Corps

Camel CorpsCamel ConstabularySomali Camel CorpsSomaliland Camel Constabulary
The Somaliland Camel Corps (SCC) also referred to as the Somali Camel Corps, was a unit of the British Army based in British Somaliland.wikipedia
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Somaliland campaign (1920)

Somaliland campaign1920 conflict between British forces and Somaliland dervishesaerially bombarded
In November 1919, the British began the fifth expedition.
The British forces included elements of the Royal Air Force and the Somaliland Camel Corps.

Mohammed Abdullah Hassan

Mad MullahSayyid Mohammed Abdullah HassanMuhammad Abdullah Hassan
By 1899, the religious and nationalist leader Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's (The "Mad Mullah") Dervish resistance had begun.
In 1914, the Somaliland Camel Corps was founded as an expanded and improved version of the constabulary.

Dul Madoba

Battle of Dul Madoba
On 9 August 1913, the "Somaliland Camel Constabulary" suffered a serious defeat at the Battle of Dul Madoba at the hands of the "Mad Mullah."
The battle took place on 4 August 1913, between 110 men of the Camel Constabulary of British Somaliland and 300 Dhulbahante tribesmen, commanded by Colonel Richard Corfield, and some 2,750 well-armed Dervish followers of Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, nicknamed by the British as the Mad Mullah.

Richard Corfield

At Dul Madoba, 57 members of the 110-man unit were killed or wounded, including the commander, Colonel Richard Corfield.
Further trouble was brewing in Somalia, and a Somaliland Camel Constabulary was formed to serve as a police force in the interior.

Eric Charles Twelves Wilson

Eric WilsonEric C.T. Wilson VC
During the Battle of Tug Argan, fought between 11–15 August when the Italian invaders attempted to force the positions, Camel Corps officer Captain Eric Charles Twelves Wilson of the East Surreys received the Victoria Cross (VC) for his use of a machine gun during the defence of Observation Hill.
He was then seconded to The Somaliland Camel Corps in 1939.

Burao

BurcoBuro
After the killing of Gibb all Europeans entered the Burao fort, which at the time was occupied by the Native Somali B Company of the Somaliland Camel Corps.

Hastings Ismay, 1st Baron Ismay

Hastings IsmayGeneral IsmayLord Ismay
During the First World War, he served with the Camel Corps in British Somaliland, where he joined in the British fight against the "Mad Mullah", Mohammed Abdullah Hassan.

King's African Rifles

Kings African RiflesThe King's African Rifles18th Battalion of the King's African Rifles
In 1920, a combined land and air offensive defeated the Dervish army and occupied the capital, using the Somaliland Camel Corps, the 12 aircraft of Z Force Royal Air Force, Somalia Police, elements from the 2nd (Nyasaland) Battalion and 6th (British Somalia) Battalion of the King's African Rifles (KAR) and an Indian battalion.

Arthur Reginald Chater

Arthur Chater
In 1930, Colonel Arthur Reginald Chater of the Royal Marines was placed in command of a slightly smaller corps of five hundred troopers.

Somaliland Scouts

It was succeeded by the Somaliland Scouts that year.
It was established after the liberation of British Somaliland from Italy in December 1941 and the dissolution of the Somaliland Camel Corps in 1942, which was formerly tasked with the defense of the protectorate.

Heinz-Wilhelm Eck

Peleus'' affair
On 30 April 1944, six bombers of 61 Squadron, Royal Air Force, attacked and damaged the German submarine U-852 (Kapitänleutnant [Lieutenant-Captain] Heinz-Wilhelm Eck).
They were captured by the Somaliland Camel Corps and local militia and sent to prison camps to await the end of the war.

Adrian Carton de Wiart

Carton de WiartSir Adrian Carton de Wiart Lieutenant General Sir Adrian Carton de Wiart, VC, KBE, CB, CMG, DSO
Carton de Wiart had been seconded to the Somaliland Camel Corps.

Berbera

BarberaBarbaraBerbera dockside
The British were eventually forced to withdraw from Berbera on 17 August 1940.
The Somalis serving in the Somaliland Camel Corps were given the choice of evacuation or disbandment; the majority chose to remain and were allowed to retain their arms.

German submarine U-852

U-852
On 30 April 1944, six bombers of 61 Squadron, Royal Air Force, attacked and damaged the German submarine U-852 (Kapitänleutnant [Lieutenant-Captain] Heinz-Wilhelm Eck).
Fifty-eight were captured by Somaliland Camel Corps and local militia.

Charles Doughty-Wylie

Charles Hotham Montagu Doughty-WylieCharles DoughtyCharles Hotham Montagu Doughty
He next served in the Second Boer War, then suppressing the Boxer Rebellion (1900) and in Somaliland (1903–04), where he commanded a unit of the Somaliland Camel Corps.

David Smiley

Colonel David de Crespigny Smiley
In 1940 Smiley joined the Somaliland Camel Corps, but was to arrive at Berbera the same day it was decided to evacuate British Somaliland.

British Somaliland

SomalilandSomaliland ProtectorateBritish Somaliland Protectorate
The Somaliland Camel Corps (SCC) also referred to as the Somali Camel Corps, was a unit of the British Army based in British Somaliland.
In 1914, the British created the Somaliland Camel Corps to assist in maintaining order in British Somaliland.

Henry Anthony Camillo Howard

Administrator Howard
Educated at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, Howard became a journalist on the Financial Times and The Economist, then during the Second World War returned to the British Army as an officer, serving in the Somaliland Camel Corps in British Somaliland.

East African campaign (World War II)

East African CampaignEast AfricaEast Africa Campaign
On the outbreak of hostilities, Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur Reginald Chater in British Somaliland had about 1,754 troops comprising the Somaliland Camel Corps (SCC) and a battalion of the 1st Battalion Northern Rhodesia Regiment.

Italian conquest of British Somaliland

British Somalilandinvaded British Somalilandoccupied British Somaliland
In 1940, the 631 members of the Somaliland Camel Corps (SCC) were based in five places in the colony and a small party of police worked at Berbera.

Somaliland campaign

Third Somaliland ExpeditionSomaliland Field ForceSomaliland
The British forces were led by the Royal Air Force and the ground component included the Somaliland Camel Corps.

Sudan Defence Force

Sudan Camel Corps12th Division Sudan Defense ForceEquatorial Corps

British Army

ArmyBritishBritish troops
The Somaliland Camel Corps (SCC) also referred to as the Somali Camel Corps, was a unit of the British Army based in British Somaliland.

Sultan

SultanateSultansSulṭān
In 1888, after signing successive treaties with the then ruling Somali Sultans, the British established a protectorate in northern present-day Somalia referred to as British Somalia.