Sonata

sonatassonata formClassical sonataFinaleclassical sonata key-schemesonata-allegrosonatas in theSonate
Sonata (Italian:, pl. sonate; from Latin and Italian: sonare [archaic Italian; replaced in the modern language by suonare], "to sound"), in music, literally means a piece played as opposed to a cantata (Latin and Italian cantare, "to sing"), a piece sung.wikipedia
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Sonatina

Sonatina For Pianosonatina formsonatina" form
The term sonatina, pl. sonatine, the diminutive form of sonata, is often used for a short or technically easy sonata.
A sonatina is literally a small sonata.

Classical period (music)

ClassicalClassical periodClassical era
The term evolved through the history of music, designating a variety of forms until the Classical era, when it took on increasing importance.
The main kinds of instrumental music were the sonata, trio, string quartet, symphony (performed by an orchestra) and the solo concerto, which featured a virtuoso solo performer playing a solo work for violin, piano, flute, or another instrument, accompanied by an orchestra.

Arcangelo Corelli

CorelliCorelli schoolCORELLI, ARCANGELO
In the works of Arcangelo Corelli and his contemporaries, two broad classes of sonata were established, and were first described by Sébastien de Brossard in his Dictionaire de musique (third edition, Amsterdam, ca.
His music was key in the development of the modern genres of sonata and concerto, in establishing the preeminence of the violin, and as the first coalescing of modern tonality and functional harmony.

Cantata

cantatassecular cantataCantates
Sonata (Italian:, pl. sonate; from Latin and Italian: sonare [archaic Italian; replaced in the modern language by suonare], "to sound"), in music, literally means a piece played as opposed to a cantata (Latin and Italian cantare, "to sing"), a piece sung.
With the rise of instrumental music the term appeared, while the instrumental art became sufficiently developed to be embodied in sonatas.

Domenico Scarlatti

ScarlattiDomenicoD. Scarlatti
The term sonata is also applied to the series of over 500 works for harpsichord solo, or sometimes for other keyboard instruments, by Domenico Scarlatti, originally published under the name Essercizi per il gravicembalo (Exercises for the Harpsichord).
Like his renowned father Alessandro Scarlatti, he composed in a variety of musical forms, although today he is known mainly for his 555 keyboard sonatas.

Piano sonata

sonatassonatapiano sonatas
The term sonata was increasingly applied to either a work for keyboard alone (see piano sonata), or for keyboard and one other instrument, often the violin or cello.
A piano sonata is a sonata written for a solo piano.

Sonata form

sonata-allegro formsonata-allegrodevelopment
The term came to apply both to the structure of individual movements (see Sonata form and History of sonata form) and to the layout of the movements in a multi-movement work.
After its establishment, the sonata form became the most common form in the first movement of works entitled "sonata", as well as other long works of classical music, including the symphony, concerto, string quartet, and so on.

List of solo keyboard sonatas by Domenico Scarlatti

555 harpsichord sonataskeyboard sonatasconcordance
The term sonata is also applied to the series of over 500 works for harpsichord solo, or sometimes for other keyboard instruments, by Domenico Scarlatti, originally published under the name Essercizi per il gravicembalo (Exercises for the Harpsichord).

Baroque music

BaroqueBaroque eraBaroque period
In the Baroque period, a sonata was for one or more instruments almost always with continuo.
Baroque music expanded the size, range, and complexity of instrumental performance, and also established the mixed vocal/instrumental forms of opera, cantata and oratorio and the instrumental forms of the solo concerto and sonata as musical genres.

Binary form

binaryrounded binary formbinary in form
The sonata da chiesa, generally for one or more violins and bass, consisted normally of a slow introduction, a loosely fugued allegro, a cantabile slow movement, and a lively finale in some binary form suggesting affinity with the dance-tunes of the suite.
Binary form was popular during the Baroque period, often used to structure movements of keyboard sonatas.

Suite (music)

suitesuitesorchestral suite
The sonata da chiesa, generally for one or more violins and bass, consisted normally of a slow introduction, a loosely fugued allegro, a cantabile slow movement, and a lively finale in some binary form suggesting affinity with the dance-tunes of the suite.
During the 18th century the suite fell out of favour as a cyclical form, giving way to the symphony, sonata and concerto.

Antonio Vivaldi

VivaldiAntonio Lucio VivaldiA. Vivaldi
Both the solo and trio sonatas of Vivaldi show parallels with the concerti he was writing at the same time.
In 1705, the first collection (Connor Cassara) of his works was published by Giuseppe Sala: his Opus 1 is a collection of 12 sonatas for two violins and basso continuo, in a conventional style.

Scherzo

scherziBadineriescherzo and trio
A scherzo (, UK also ; ; plural scherzos or scherzi), in western classical music, is a short composition – sometimes a movement from a larger work such as a symphony or a sonata.

Piano Sonata in B minor (Liszt)

Sonata in B minorPiano Sonata in B minorPiano Sonata
Among works expressly labeled sonata for the piano, there are the three of Frédéric Chopin, those of Felix Mendelssohn, the three of Robert Schumann, Franz Liszt's Sonata in B Minor, and later the sonatas of Johannes Brahms and Sergei Rachmaninoff.
The Piano Sonata in B minor (Klaviersonate h-moll), S.178, is a sonata for solo piano by Franz Liszt.

Frédéric Chopin

ChopinFrederic ChopinFryderyk Chopin
Among works expressly labeled sonata for the piano, there are the three of Frédéric Chopin, those of Felix Mendelssohn, the three of Robert Schumann, Franz Liszt's Sonata in B Minor, and later the sonatas of Johannes Brahms and Sergei Rachmaninoff.
His major piano works also include mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, polonaises, études, impromptus, scherzos, preludes and sonatas, some published only posthumously.

Symphony

symphoniessymphonicsymphonic works
But increasingly instrumental works were laid out in four, not three movements, a practice seen first in string quartets and symphonies, and reaching the sonata proper in the early sonatas of Beethoven.
In the 17th century, for most of the Baroque period, the terms symphony and sinfonia were used for a range of different compositions, including instrumental pieces used in operas, sonatas and concertos—usually part of a larger work.

Dmitri Shostakovich

ShostakovichDmitry ShostakovichDimitri Shostakovich
The role of the sonata as an extremely important form of extended musical argument would inspire composers such as Hindemith, Prokofiev, Shostakovich, Tailleferre, Ustvolskaya, and Williams to compose in sonata form, and works with traditional sonata structures continue to be composed and performed.
His solo piano works include two sonatas, an early set of preludes, and a later set of 24 preludes and fugues.

Music

audiomusicalPop
Sonata (Italian:, pl. sonate; from Latin and Italian: sonare [archaic Italian; replaced in the modern language by suonare], "to sound"), in music, literally means a piece played as opposed to a cantata (Latin and Italian cantare, "to sing"), a piece sung.
During this period several major music forms were defined that lasted into later periods when they were expanded and evolved further, including the fugue, the invention, the sonata, and the concerto.

Organ Sonatas (Bach)

BWV 525BWV 527six trio sonatas for organ
The organ sonatas, BWV 525–530 by Johann Sebastian Bach are a collection of six sonatas in trio sonata form.

Piano Sonata No. 28 (Beethoven)

Piano Sonata No. 28Piano Sonata No. 28 in A major, Op. 101Piano Sonata Op. 101
101 is the first of the series of Beethoven's "Late Period" sonatas (although sometimes Op. 90 is considered the first), when his music moved in a new direction toward a more personal, intimate, sometimes even introspective, realm of freedom and fantasy.

Sonatas for viola da gamba and harpsichord (Bach)

BWV 1027for viola da gamba and harpsichord (BWV 1027–1029)BWV 1028
The sonatas for viola da gamba and harpsichord, BWV 1027–1029, are three sonatas composed by Johann Sebastian Bach for viola da gamba and harpsichord.

Partita

PartitasPartiti
In the transition to the Classical period there were several names given to multimovement works, including divertimento, serenade, and partita, many of which are now regarded effectively as sonatas.
Bach also wrote three partitas for solo violin in 1720 which he paired with sonatas.

Rosary Sonatas

Mystery SonatasRosary Sonata No.16
The Rosary Sonatas (Rosenkranzsonaten, also known as the Mystery Sonatas or Copper-Engraving Sonatas) by Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber are a collection of 15 short sonatas for violin and continuo, with a final passacaglia for solo violin.

Flute Sonata in E minor, BWV 1034

BWV 1034Sonata in E minor for flute or recorder and basso continuoSonata for flute and continuo

Piano Sonata No. 12 (Mozart)

Piano Sonata No. 12Piano Sonata No. 12 in F Major12
Some believe, however that Mozart wrote this and the other sonatas during a summer 1783 visit to Salzburg made for the purpose of introducing his wife, Constanze to his father, Leopold.