Songwriter

songwritingwrittenwriterwritingsong writersongwriterswrotemusicsong-writerco-wrote
A songwriter is a professional that composes musical compositions and writes lyrics for songs.wikipedia
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Musical composition

compositionmusic compositioncomposing
A songwriter is a professional that composes musical compositions and writes lyrics for songs.
Composers of primarily songs are usually called songwriters; with songs, the person who writes lyrics for a song is the lyricist.

Music industry

Musicmusic businessrecording industry
The pressure from the music industry to produce popular hits means that songwriting is often an activity for which the tasks are distributed between a number of people.
Among the many individuals and organizations that operate in the industry are: the songwriters and composers who create new songs and musical pieces; the singers, musicians, conductors and bandleaders who perform the music; the companies and professionals who create and sell recorded music and/or sheet music (e.g., music publishers, music producers, recording studios, engineers, record labels, retail and online music stores, performance rights organizations); and those that help organize and present live music performances (sound engineers, booking agents, promoters, music venues, road crew).

Music publisher (popular music)

music publishermusic publishingpublishing
Pop songs may be written by group members from the band or by staff writers – songwriters directly employed by music publishers.
In the music industry, a music publisher (or publishing company) is responsible for ensuring the songwriters and composers receive payment when their compositions are used commercially.

Composer

music composercomposedmusic
A songwriter can also be called a composer, although the latter term tends to be used mainly for individuals from the classical music genre and film scoring, but is also associated writing and composing the original musical composition or musical bed.
In popular and folk music, the composer is usually called a songwriter, since the music generally takes the form of a song.

Royalty payment

royaltiesroyaltyroyalty payments
Since songwriting and publishing royalties can be substantial sources of income, particularly if a song becomes a hit record; legally, in the US, songs written after 1934 may be copied only by the authors.
Where the songwriter is also the recording artist, royalties from CD sales add to those from the recording contract.

Piano

grand pianopianistacoustic piano
In part, this is because the process of "working out" a song or arrangement requires a songwriter to play an instrument, typically the guitar or the piano, to hear how the chord progression sounds and to hear how well a given set of chords supports a melody.
The piano is widely employed in classical, jazz, traditional and popular music for solo and ensemble performances, accompaniment, and for composing, songwriting and rehearsals.

Hip hop production

productionproducedproducer
This is especially true for R&B, hip-hop producers in urban hip hop production, when composing the original music as the co-writer is integrated into their traditional role as a Record Producer, such as Rodney Jerkins, Dr. Dre, Timbaland or Pharrell Williams, opposed to a rock producer that may rarely contribute as a co-writer of a song.
Hip hop producers credited as the record producer and songwriter, are Hybrid Producers that wears two or more hats, meaning composing the musical track and creative directors involved in guiding and supervision of recording sessions.

Lead sheet

fake bookfake bookslead sheets
At minimum, a songwriter must prepare a lead sheet for a song, which consists of one or more pieces of sheet music with the melody notes and chord progression indicated on it.
For example, a lead sheet is the form of a song to which copyright is applied—if a songwriter sues someone for copyright violation, the court will compare lead sheets to determine how much of the song has been copied.

Dave Berg (songwriter)

Dave Berg
In an interview with HitQuarters, songwriter Dave Berg extolled the benefits of the set-up: "I was able to concentrate on writing the whole time and have always had enough money to live on."

Allan Eshuijs

Songwriter Allan Eshuijs described his staff writer contract at Universal Music Publishing as a starter deal.

Record producer

producerproductionproduced
Beat makers or composers aren't necessarily record producers by definition or acting role since they generally do not work directly with an artist in a recording studio that oversees the production and recording of the final product.

Lyrics

lyriclyricallyricist
A songwriter is a professional that composes musical compositions and writes lyrics for songs.

Song

songstrackstrack
A songwriter is a professional that composes musical compositions and writes lyrics for songs.

Classical music

classicalWestern classical musicEuropean classical music
A songwriter can also be called a composer, although the latter term tends to be used mainly for individuals from the classical music genre and film scoring, but is also associated writing and composing the original musical composition or musical bed.

Lyricist

lyricslyricistsWriters
For example, a songwriter who excels at writing lyrics might be paired with a songwriter with the task of creating original melodies.

Bachelor of Music

BMusB.M.B.Mus.
The old-style apprenticeship approach to learning how to write songs is being supplemented by university degrees and college diplomas and "rock schools".

Hit song

hithit singlehits
Since songwriting and publishing royalties can be substantial sources of income, particularly if a song becomes a hit record; legally, in the US, songs written after 1934 may be copied only by the authors.

Copyright

copyright lawcopyrightscopyrighted
This is governed by international copyright law.

Artists and repertoire

A&RA & Rtalent scout
Songwriters can be employed to write either the lyrics or the music directly for or alongside a performing artist, or they present songs to A&R, publishers, agents and managers for consideration.

Tip sheet

tip sheets
Song pitching can be done on a songwriter's behalf by their publisher or independently using tip sheets like RowFax, the MusicRow publication and SongQuarters.

MusicRow

Music Row MagazineMusic RowMusic Row awards
Song pitching can be done on a songwriter's behalf by their publisher or independently using tip sheets like RowFax, the MusicRow publication and SongQuarters.

HitQuarters

SongQuarters
In an interview with HitQuarters, songwriter Dave Berg extolled the benefits of the set-up: "I was able to concentrate on writing the whole time and have always had enough money to live on." Song pitching can be done on a songwriter's behalf by their publisher or independently using tip sheets like RowFax, the MusicRow publication and SongQuarters.

Work for hire

work-for-hirework made for hireworks for hire
work for hire agreements, the compositions created are fully owned by the publisher.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
Because the recapture provision of the United States Copyright Act of 1976 does not apply to "works made for hire," the rights to a song created under an employment contract cannot be "recaptured" by the writer after 35 years.

Copyright Act of 1976

Copyright Act1976 Copyright ActUnited States Copyright Act of 1976
Because the recapture provision of the United States Copyright Act of 1976 does not apply to "works made for hire," the rights to a song created under an employment contract cannot be "recaptured" by the writer after 35 years.